European Middle Ages to Renaissance


Middle Ages


The Reformation

Scientific Revolution


Saint Patrick brings Christianity to Ireland

Rome falls

Beowulf is composed

Vikings Raid Europe


Charlemagne becomes King of the Franks

Charlemagne is Crowned Emperor of Holy Roman Empire

Pope Leo IX becomes pope

Michael Cerularius is excommunicated

This event begins the Great Schism

Feudalism is introduced to Brittain by William the Conqueror

Battle of Hastings

Gregory VII becomes pope

First Crusade

Compromise of 1122

Second Crusade

Third Crusade

Pope Innocent III begins crusade against heresy

Fourth Crusade

Magna Carta Signed

First Parliament meets

Marco Polo's Travels

The Divine Comedy is completed

Hundred Years War

Black Death

First and worst outbreak, ~25 million killed

Henry the Navigator sets up his school of navigation

Cosimo de Medici comes into power in Florence

Ottomans capture Constantinople

Gutenburg Printing Press

Ferdinand and Isabella's marriage and joining of Castille and Aragon

The Spanish Inquisition

Dias' Voyage

Dias' ship sails around the tip of Africa

Columbus' Voyage

Conquering of Granada

Columbus lands in the Americas

Cabot's Voyage

Cabral's Voyage

Michelangelo Paints Sistene Chapel

The Praise of Folly is published

Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses

Magellan's Voyage

Cartier's Voyage

King Henry VIII forms the Angelican Church

Portuguese Inquisition

Spanish Conquer the Inca

First Council of Trent

Second Council of Trent

Third Council of Trent

Fourth Council of Trent

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre

Drake's Voyage

Zacharias Janssen invents the telescope

Romeo and Juliet is written

Bacon publishes The Advancement of Learning

Thirty Years War

Voyage of the Mayflower

Torricelli invents baromeer

Newton publishes Principia Mathematica

Important Figures

Saint Patrick

Benedict of Nursia


Pope Leo IX

William the Conqueror

Pope Gregory VII

Pope Urban II

Emperor Henry IV

Eleanor of Aquitaine


King Richard I

Pope Innocent III

King John

Saint Francis of Assisi

Saint Thomas Aquinas

Marco Polo

Dante Alighieri

Cosimo de Medici

Henry the Navigator

Johannes Gutenburg

Joan of Arc

Sandro Botticelli

Bartolomeu Dias

Queen Isabella

Christopher Columbus

King Ferdinand

Leonardo Da Vinci

Desiderius Erasmus

Vasco da Gama

Niccolo Machiavelli

Albrecht Durer

Nicolaus Copernicus

Angela Merici

Michelangelo di Buonarroti Simoni

Ferdinand Magellan

Martin Luther

Saint Ignatius of Loyola

King Henry VIII

Francois Rabelais

Francis Xavier

John Calvin

Pieter Brueghel the Elder

Tycho Brahe

Miguel de Cervantes

King Henry IV

Francis Bacon

Galileo Galilei

William Shakespeare

Johannes Kepler

Zacharias Janssen

Rene Descartes

Evangelista Torricelli

Sir Isaac Newton