European Middle Ages to Renaissance

Main

Middle Ages

400 AD - 1500 AD

Renaissance

1271 AD - 1600 AD

The Reformation

1517 - 1650

Scientific Revolution

1525 - 1725

Events

Saint Patrick brings Christianity to Ireland

430

Rome falls

476

Beowulf is composed

700

Vikings Raid Europe

710 - 830

Reconquista

718 - 1492

Charlemagne becomes King of the Franks

771

Charlemagne is Crowned Emperor of Holy Roman Empire

800

Pope Leo IX becomes pope

1049

Michael Cerularius is excommunicated

1054

This event begins the Great Schism

Feudalism is introduced to Brittain by William the Conqueror

1066

Battle of Hastings

1066

Gregory VII becomes pope

1073

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Compromise of 1122

1122

Second Crusade

1145 - 1149

Third Crusade

1189 - 1192

Pope Innocent III begins crusade against heresy

1200

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

Magna Carta Signed

1215

First Parliament meets

1230

Marco Polo's Travels

1271 AD - 1291 AD

The Divine Comedy is completed

1321

Hundred Years War

1328 - 1453

Black Death

1347 - 1351

First and worst outbreak, ~25 million killed

Henry the Navigator sets up his school of navigation

1416

Cosimo de Medici comes into power in Florence

1434

Ottomans capture Constantinople

1453

Gutenburg Printing Press

1455

Ferdinand and Isabella's marriage and joining of Castille and Aragon

1469

The Spanish Inquisition

1480 - 1813

Dias' Voyage

1487 - 1488

Dias' ship sails around the tip of Africa

1488

Columbus' Voyage

1492 - 1493

Conquering of Granada

1492

Columbus lands in the Americas

1492

Cabot's Voyage

1497 - 1498

Cabral's Voyage

1500 - 1501

Michelangelo Paints Sistene Chapel

1508 - 1512

The Praise of Folly is published

1509

Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses

1517

Magellan's Voyage

1519 - 1522

Cartier's Voyage

1534 - 1535

King Henry VIII forms the Angelican Church

1534

Portuguese Inquisition

1536 - 1821

Spanish Conquer the Inca

1537

First Council of Trent

1545 - 1547

Second Council of Trent

1547

Third Council of Trent

1551 - 1552

Fourth Council of Trent

1559 - 1563

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Drake's Voyage

1577 - 1580

Zacharias Janssen invents the telescope

1590

Romeo and Juliet is written

1594 - 1595

Bacon publishes The Advancement of Learning

1605

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Voyage of the Mayflower

September 6 1620 - 21 November 1620

Torricelli invents baromeer

1643

Newton publishes Principia Mathematica

1687

Important Figures

Saint Patrick

387 - March 17 460

Benedict of Nursia

480 - 547

Charlemagne

742 - 814

Pope Leo IX

21 June 1002 - 19 April 1054

William the Conqueror

1028 - 1087

Pope Gregory VII

1028 - 25 May 1085

Pope Urban II

1042 - 29 July 1099

Emperor Henry IV

11 November 1050 - 7 August 1106

Eleanor of Aquitaine

1122 - 1204

Saladin

1137 - 1193

King Richard I

1157 - 1199

Pope Innocent III

1161 - 16 July 1216

King John

24 December 1166 - 19 October 1216

Saint Francis of Assisi

1182 - 1226

Saint Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Marco Polo

1254 - 1324

Dante Alighieri

1265 - 1321

Cosimo de Medici

27 September 1389 - 1 August 1464

Henry the Navigator

4 March 1394 - 13 November 1460

Johannes Gutenburg

1395 - February 3 1468

Joan of Arc

1412 - 30 May 1431

Sandro Botticelli

1445 - May 17 1510

Bartolomeu Dias

1451 - 29 May 1500

Queen Isabella

1451 - 1504

Christopher Columbus

31 October 1451 - 20 May 1506

King Ferdinand

10 March 1452 - 23 January 1516

Leonardo Da Vinci

April 15 1452 - May 2 1519

Desiderius Erasmus

1466 - 12 July 1536

Vasco da Gama

1469 - 24 December 1524

Niccolo Machiavelli

3 May 1469 - 21 June 1527

Albrecht Durer

21 May 1471 - 6 April 1528

Nicolaus Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Angela Merici

21 March 1474 - 27 January 1540

Michelangelo di Buonarroti Simoni

1475 - 1564

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 27 April 1521

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Saint Ignatius of Loyola

1491 - 1556

King Henry VIII

28 June 1491 - 28 January 1547

Francois Rabelais

1494 - 9 April 1553

Francis Xavier

7 April 1506 - 3 December 1552

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Pieter Brueghel the Elder

1525 - 9 September 1569

Tycho Brahe

14 December 1546 - 24 October 1601

Miguel de Cervantes

29 September 1547 - 22 April 1616

King Henry IV

13 December 1553 - 14 May 1610

Francis Bacon

22 January 1561 - 9 April 1626

Galileo Galilei

15 February 1564 - 8 January 1642

William Shakespeare

26 April 1564 - 23 April 1616

Johannes Kepler

December 27 1571 - November 15 1630

Zacharias Janssen

1584 - 1635

Rene Descartes

31 March 1596 - 11 February 1650

Evangelista Torricelli

15 October 1608 - 25 October 1647

Sir Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727