THE FATHER IS BORN
HIP HOP CLIVE CAMPBELL OTHER WISE KNOWN AS "DJ KOOL HERC" WAS BORN IN KINGSTON JAMAICA, AND WOULD EVENTUALLY BE KNOWN AS THE FATHER OF HIP HOP CULTURE
Afrika Bambaataa is an American DJ from the South Bronx, New York who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1980s. He is one of the three originators of break-beat deejaying,
In 1959 Parks Commissioner Robert Moses began building an expressway through the heart of the Bronx. As a result, the middle class Italian, German, Irish, and Jewish neighborhoods disappeared overnight. In addition, businesses and factories relocated and left this borough. These exiting middle classes and businesses were replaced by poor black and Hispanic families. Accompanying these poor people were crime, drug addiction, and unemployment.
Dub was created by Jamaican DJ's during the 1960'. Reggae records were significantly manipulating and reshaped, usually by removing the vocals from an existing music piece, emphasising the drum and bass parts.
Clive Campbell would later copy this style using Funk and Solo Records of the 1970's.
CLIVE CAMPBELL MIGRATES TO THE BRONX FROM JAMAICA AT AGE 12.
AT SCHOOL BECAUSE OF HIS SIZE AND THE FACT THAT HE WORKED OUT ALLOT. KIDS WOULD REFER TO HIM AS HERCULES, AND EVENTUALLY HE WOULD BECOME A WRITER AND CHANGE HIS NAME TO KOOL HERC
2ND CITY CHANGE
The completion of a 15,382 apartment building on the northern edge of the Bronx near an expressway accelerated the Bronx middle class exodus from comfortable and well-kept apartments.
The large vacancy rate made landlords sold property to professional slumlords. As a consequence of this action the Bronx deteriorated into a neighborhood with many unkept and vacant buildings.
In 1968 in the Bronxdale Houses section of the Bronx, a teenage gang called the Savage Seven and began terrorizing the neighborhood.
As the gang grew, they changed their name to the Black Spades. this group of teenagers laid the groundwork for a surge of street gang activity that would overwhelm the Bronx for the next six years.
The significance of graffiti to hip-hop culture is tremendous; as it was the cornerstone of inner-city self-expression.
It was used heavily by gangs as a way to mark territory and communicate.
DJ Kool Herc DJ's his first block party (his sister's birthday) in the Bronx, NY.
Using popular funk and soul records people enjoyed dancing to. he would stretch the instrumental break of the song by using two copies of the same record on two turntables, mixing between the two records to extend the break.
Gang activity had reached its peak by 1973. Afrika Bambaataa, head of the Black Spades leaves to start the peaceful Zulu nation and become a DJ.
Times were also changing, park jams, block parties and clubs were becoming more popular. The beginnings of hip hop culture began to form in these venues, and as gang members and former gang members started getting involved in more Hip Hop activities, involvement in the gangs declined.
The Third of the four original elements of hip-hop,
Breakdance-aka B-Boying, is said to have originated in the South Bronx in the mid to late 70’s.
Breakdancing was derived from special dancers that would specifically dance to the “breaks” in the records/beats that the DJs played. Hence forth, those dancers would be called “B-boys” (Break-boys) and breakdancing would become the official/ultimate dance style of hip-hop culture.
As more ex gang members became more involved in break dancing creating crews and changeling others to 'battle's.
DJ Grand Wizard Theodore accidentally invents the 'the scratch' technique (moving a spinning recored back and forth on turntable) which is an essential part in DJ and Hip hop music today.
Herc is hired as a DJ at the Hevalo Club.
Hires Coke La Rock and Klark Kent to rhyme over his instrumental breaks during club sets. This was rap music first emcee team. They became known as Kool Herc and the Herculoids.
Roland creates the 808 Drum machine. The 808 has become the most used drum machine in history.
"Rapper's Delight," was the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. The song uses an instrumental track from the classic hit "Good Times" by Chic as its foundation.
First polyphonic digital sampling synthesiser was the Australian-produced Fairlight CMI, first available in 1979.
GRAND MASTER FLASH FORMS ONE OF THE GREATEST MC CREWS OF ALL TIME
"GRAND MASTER FLASH AND THE FURIOUS FIVE MC'S"
Grandmaster Flash (Joseph Saddler) Melle Mel (Melvin Glover) Kidd Creole (Nathaniel Glover) Cowboy(Keith Wiggins) Rahiem (Guy Williams) Mr. Ness aka Scorpio (Eddie Morris)
The song "King Tim III (Personality Jock)" is often considered to be the first commercially released rap single, having shipped just a week before The Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight" in October 1979.
founded in 1981 by Joseph "Run" Simmons, Darryl "D.M.C." McDaniels, and Jason "Jam Master Jay" Mizell. The group is widely acknowledged as one of the most influential acts in the history of hip hop culture
The Beastie Boys are formed. The group consists of Adam Horovitz (King Ad-Rock), Adam Yauch (MCA), Michael Diamon (Mike D).
Yamaha released new synth the DX7
Russell Simmons and Rick Rubin team up to launch one of the most important record labels ever, Def Jam Records.
The Beastie Boys release Licensed To Ill on Def Jam (executive-produced by Rick Rubin).
Public Enemy stuns the world with their introductory album, Yo! Bum Rush The Show, signaling the genesis of politically-charged hip-hop.
N.W.A pioneers the gangsta rap movement with their gold album, Straight Outta Compton.