Origins of Hip Hop

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Clive Campbell Born

1955

THE FATHER IS BORN
HIP HOP CLIVE CAMPBELL OTHER WISE KNOWN AS "DJ KOOL HERC" WAS BORN IN KINGSTON JAMAICA, AND WOULD EVENTUALLY BE KNOWN AS THE FATHER OF HIP HOP CULTURE

Afrika Bambaataa Born

1957

Afrika Bambaataa is an American DJ from the South Bronx, New York who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1980s.[2] He is one of the three originators of break-beat deejaying,

City Changes

1959

CITY CHANGES
In 1959 Parks Commissioner Robert Moses began building an expressway through the heart of the Bronx. As a result, the middle class Italian, German, Irish, and Jewish neighborhoods disappeared overnight. In addition, businesses and factories relocated and left this borough. These exiting middle classes and businesses were replaced by poor black and Hispanic families. Accompanying these poor people were crime, drug addiction, and unemployment.

Jamaican Dub Music

1960

Dub was created by Jamaican DJ's during the 1960'. Reggae records were significantly manipulating and reshaped, usually by removing the vocals from an existing music piece, emphasising the drum and bass parts.

Clive Campbell would later copy this style using Funk and Solo Records of the 1970's.

Clive Campbell to Kool Herc

1967

CLIVE CAMPBELL MIGRATES TO THE BRONX FROM JAMAICA AT AGE 12.
AT SCHOOL BECAUSE OF HIS SIZE AND THE FACT THAT HE WORKED OUT ALLOT. KIDS WOULD REFER TO HIM AS HERCULES, AND EVENTUALLY HE WOULD BECOME A WRITER AND CHANGE HIS NAME TO KOOL HERC

Savage Seven and the start of Gang activity

1968

In 1968 in the Bronxdale Houses section of the Bronx, a teenage gang called the Savage Seven and began terrorizing the neighborhood.
As the gang grew, they changed their name to the Black Spades. this group of teenagers laid the groundwork for a surge of street gang activity that would overwhelm the Bronx for the next six years.

2nd City Change

1968

2ND CITY CHANGE
The completion of a 15,382 apartment building on the northern edge of the Bronx near an expressway accelerated the Bronx middle class exodus from comfortable and well-kept apartments.

The large vacancy rate made landlords sold property to professional slumlords. As a consequence of this action the Bronx deteriorated into a neighborhood with many unkept and vacant buildings.

Rise of Graffiti

1970

The significance of graffiti to hip-hop culture is tremendous; as it was the cornerstone of inner-city self-expression.

It was used heavily by gangs as a way to mark territory and communicate.

Decline of Gang Activity

1973

Gang activity had reached its peak by 1973. Afrika Bambaataa, head of the Black Spades leaves to start the peaceful Zulu nation and become a DJ.

Times were also changing, park jams, block parties and clubs were becoming more popular. The beginnings of hip hop culture began to form in these venues, and as gang members and former gang members started getting involved in more Hip Hop activities, involvement in the gangs declined.

DJ Herc pioneers 'Break Beats'

1973

DJ Kool Herc DJ's his first block party (his sister's birthday) in the Bronx, NY.
Using popular funk and soul records people enjoyed dancing to. he would stretch the instrumental break of the song by using two copies of the same record on two turntables, mixing between the two records to extend the break.

Start of break dancing Break Dancing

1974

The Third of the four original elements of hip-hop,

Breakdance-aka B-Boying, is said to have originated in the South Bronx in the mid to late 70’s.
Breakdancing was derived from special dancers that would specifically dance to the “breaks” in the records/beats that the DJs played. Hence forth, those dancers would be called “B-boys” (Break-boys) and breakdancing would become the official/ultimate dance style of hip-hop culture.

As more ex gang members became more involved in break dancing creating crews and changeling others to 'battle's.

Kool Herc forms First MC Team

1975

Herc is hired as a DJ at the Hevalo Club.
Hires Coke La Rock and Klark Kent to rhyme over his instrumental breaks during club sets. This was rap music first emcee team. They became known as Kool Herc and the Herculoids.

Invention of 'The Scratch'

1975

DJ Grand Wizard Theodore accidentally invents the 'the scratch' technique (moving a spinning recored back and forth on turntable) which is an essential part in DJ and Hip hop music today.

808 Drum Machine

1978

Roland creates the 808 Drum machine. The 808 has become the most used drum machine in history.

The Fatback Band - 'King Tim 3'

1979

The song "King Tim III (Personality Jock)" is often considered to be the first commercially released rap single, having shipped just a week before The Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight" in October 1979.[2]

Grandmaster flash and his Furious Five

1979

GRAND MASTER FLASH FORMS ONE OF THE GREATEST MC CREWS OF ALL TIME
"GRAND MASTER FLASH AND THE FURIOUS FIVE MC'S"
Grandmaster Flash (Joseph Saddler) Melle Mel (Melvin Glover) Kidd Creole (Nathaniel Glover) Cowboy(Keith Wiggins) Rahiem (Guy Williams) Mr. Ness aka Scorpio (Eddie Morris)

Samplers introduced.

1979

First polyphonic digital sampling synthesiser was the Australian-produced Fairlight CMI, first available in 1979.

The Sugarhill Gang - 'Rappers Delight'

1979

"Rapper's Delight," was the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. The song uses an instrumental track from the classic hit "Good Times" by Chic as its foundation.

Beastie Boys form

1981

The Beastie Boys are formed. The group consists of Adam Horovitz (King Ad-Rock), Adam Yauch (MCA), Michael Diamon (Mike D).

Run D.M.C

1981

founded in 1981 by Joseph "Run" Simmons, Darryl "D.M.C." McDaniels, and Jason "Jam Master Jay" Mizell. The group is widely acknowledged as one of the most influential acts in the history of hip hop culture

Yamaha DX7

1983

Yamaha released new synth the DX7

Deaf Jam Records formed

1984

Russell Simmons and Rick Rubin team up to launch one of the most important record labels ever, Def Jam Records.

Beastie Boys - Licence to Ill

1986

The Beastie Boys release Licensed To Ill on Def Jam (executive-produced by Rick Rubin).

Public Enemy - First album introduces political rap

1987

Public Enemy stuns the world with their introductory album, Yo! Bum Rush The Show, signaling the genesis of politically-charged hip-hop.

N.W.A Straight outta compton

1988

N.W.A pioneers the gangsta rap movement with their gold album, Straight Outta Compton.