Special Education before 1975

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Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons

1817

Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Person Open in Hartford, Connecticut.

Perkins Institution for the Blind opens.

1832

This was done by Samuel Gridley Howe

Braille Code is First Published

1834

Howe establishes experimental school for feeble-minded youth

1848

American Printing House for the Blind is established.

1858

National Deaf Mute College is established.

1864

Later is was renamed Gallaudet University.

Formal training for teachers of blind persons begins at Columbia University.

1884

Alexander Graham Bell Introduces the Term Special Education.

1884

College-Level Training for Teachers of Students with Mental Retardation Begins.

1898

Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon Publish their intelligence Test (IQ).

1905

Segregated Classes in the Public Schools are Established.

1910

Segregated Classes in the Public Schools are Established as Viable Alternatives to Instruction Children with Disabilities.

The Term Emotional Disturbance Come into Use.

1910

The Term Gifted Appears in the Professional Literature.

1920

The term mentally retarded is introduced.

1920

Council for Exceptional Children is Founded.

1922

Leo Kanner Identifies the Characteristics of Children with Autism.

1943

U.S Supreme Court Hands Down Decision in Brown v. Board of Education.

1954

People with disabilities started looking for equality.

Samuel A. Kirk Introduces the Term Learning Disabilities.

1963

Congress Gives Funds for the ESEA of 1965 (added Title VI).

1967

Congress provides funding to disseminate best practices for special education by adding Title VI to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA).