In these years, the Dorians invaded Greece. The Dorians had no form of writing or literacy, which makes it difficult for historians to know a lot of things about the time period. The trade and economy went down immensely, and the organization of the government was poor as well.
During this time, epics and myths developed and were passed down orally until Homer and Hesiod wrote them down.
War between Persia, under the rule of Darius III, and the Greek city-states. The Persians wanted to conquer the Greek city-states and Anatolia. Athens aided the other Greek city-states in keeping out the Persians, so the Persians decided to get revenge on Athens. In the end, Athens defeats Persia.
Second war between Persia, under the rule of Xerxes, and the Greek city-states, particularly Athens. This war started because Xerxes wanted revenge for Darius III's death. It resulted in the Athenians defeating the Persians by outsmarting them.
Time in Greece in which Athens held great power. They created and were in charge of the Delian League and taxed all of the city-states which were a part of the league. They grew very wealthy and prosperous during this age.
Pericles was a Persian War veteran and honorable statesman. He set three goals in Athens which were to strengthen democracy, build a greater empire, and glorify Athens. He was killed after a plague spread throughout Athens.
During this period, art and literacy were the main focuses. The strong, Democratic government was formed again and was led by Pericles.
This war was between Athens and Sparta. Sparta was successful in defeating Athens, resulting in Athens losing power and wealth. One of the few things Athens was able to keep was its independence.
Sparta dissolved the Delian League and created a new one that they took control of.
Alexander, the son of Phillip II, took over his father's throne. He was an intelligent, personal, and athletic leader. He was a great fighter and led many ruthless invasions during this time. He was well liked by his soldiers and people because he fought with them in battle and considered them his friends.
He died after unsuccessfully attacking the Indus Valley region. He became ill on the journey home and died after a few days. He was only 32.
Draco was the first Athenian leader who established harsh, severe laws. He made sure that there was a great separation between the rich and the poor people of Athens.Also, Draco took away all of the nobles' power and gave it to himself.
Pheidippides ran 26.2 miles from Marathon to Athens. He wanted to warn the Athenians of Persia's plan to attack them and they they quickly coming closer. Shortly after his announcement, Pheidippides dies.
Knowing that 7000 men could not take on the extremely large Persian army, the 300 Spartans making up a portion of the Greek army sent home 6700 men and waited for the Persians to come and attack. All 300 men died, but they allowed the Greeks to better prepare for the Persians attacks later on.
At this time, the Olympics were very well run. They occurred regularly every four years. If there was a war or conflict between city-states during the Olympics, they were paused.
Athletes went through extensive training and were unpaid. The winners would receive prizes such as money.