Promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa.
Encompassed most of southeastern Europe.
Spoke out agianst the Catholic church. Started the Protestant Reformation and the Christian group known as Lutherans.
Became the first Portuguese exploere to round the southern tip of Africa.
Established the exsistence of a vast new world across the Atlantic.
Drew an imaginary line down the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean.
Stimulated a international market for Qing goods.
Established Shi'ite Islam throughout the land.
Creator of the group of Christians known as the Calvinisits.
Distinguished proper Catholic doctrines from Protestant errors. Reaffirmed the supremacy of the pope and called for a number of reforms.
Built a telescope, and said that the earth was not alone in being heavy and changeable. Was met with criticism, but helped start scientific revolution.
Used in war agianst Britian
Caused long lasting depopulation and economic decline in much of the Holy Roman Empire.
Argued that rulers derived their authority from the consent of the governed and , like everyone else, were subject to the law.
These marked the last days of the Mughal Dynasty.
France had to yield Canada to England, and cede Louisiana to Spain.
Eventually led to the establishment of Australia
Rebellion that led to the establishment of Haiti as an independent country.