The shift from Representative Government to Responsible Government

ShigeBoy's timeline



The Need for Change


The Queen was at the top of the government and, the queen was not democratic because she was not elected and she was the only person who was able to make important decisions.

Under the Queen was the Governor and the Governor was also not democratic because the governor is appointed by the queen and not elected, an veto wishes of BNa and only minded about Britain.

Under the Governor was the councils and they are unfair because the councils were chosen by the governor and the chosen people were always somebody British and were part of the elites.

Under the councils wee the assembly and it was fairly unfair because the assembly were chosen by voting and but it was mostly people in the elites but once an Acadian man was chosen.

The people who votes for the assembly is the voters and the voters were a little unfair because only British citizens living in the colonies were able to vote.

This was why people wanted a shift to the responsible government from the representative government


The impact of Joseph Howe


Joseph Howe was one of the reformers of Nova-Scotia and he was also a journalist who tested the freedom of press.

The freedom of press is one of the sign of democracy and it will allow people to write things on the media which would be against the government.

When Howe tested the freedom of press, he was arrested because he wrote how governors use the government's money roughly for their own goods. After he was arrested, he was taken to the court but he talked about what he wrote and that it was true. Howe's speaking skills were so good that the court found Howe not guilty and this was how freedom of press was tested.


The Rebellions in Lower and Upper Canada

1837 - 1838

In lower Canada the rebellion started at 1837 November 23 when a group of patriots defeated British troops but this battle broke out because the government heard that rebellions were about to happen and arrested patriots. Second rebellion was made in November 1838 but this again broke out because patriots didn't have weapon or military training.

Patriot supporters houses were destroyed and 12 were hang, 58 were sent to jails in Australia and Barbuda but still most were released from prison.

The rebellion in Upper Canada started when Lyon Mackenzie heard the troops were busy fighting rebellions of lower Canada.
He stood up with his followers in Montgomery's Tavern but his group was easily defeated easily by the militia and the rebellion was officially over in 1838.

20 were hanged, 92 were sent to prison in Australia and 26 were banished.

Lord Durham's Report


In the report of Lord Durham, it was talking about two things which were joining Upper and Lower Canada together to make one Colony called the Province of Canada.He thought this so English speaking British would have control over the French to avoid conflicts in the future.

Also it was talking about giving the province of Canada a responsible government and this was common for Lord Durham because his belief was that all people living in poverty should also get a chance to get educated.


Responsible Government Achieved in Nova Scotia


In the reforming of Nova Scotia a man called Joseph Howe was involved. In Nova Scotia things went peacefully because the original party and the reform party had an election and the reform party won.

Responsible Government Achieved in Province of Canada


In the reform of Province of Canada two men were involved in it and that two men were Louis-Hipployate-Latfaontaine and Robert Baldwin. This two people stood up for responsible government and kept protesting with tons of followers and finally the government agreed.

Responsible Government Achieved in PEI


In the reformation of PEI two men were involved in it who was George Coles and Edward Whelan. The reformation of PEI was a little different from others because first the people were protesting but the government didn't agree at all but ideas of responsible government came from Britain so the government obeyed Britain and changed.

Responsible Government Achieved in New Brunswick


In New Brunswick also two people took part in reformation and the two was Lemuel Allan Willmot and Charles Fishen. The reformation of New Brunswick was close to the reformation of Canada because first the people wanted fair laws and the government agreed so according to the laws people had and election and the Government was reformed.

Responsible Government Achieved in Newfoundland


In the reformation of Newfoundland not two person but two groups were the key figures who pushed for change and the two are Roman Catholic groups and Methodist politicians. First each were protesting for fair government but the government didn't listen but when this two teamed up they were too strong that the government gave up.