first writing system in the world developed in the lower Tigris and Euphrates valley by Sumerians. It was based on pictograms and quickly developed to represent more abstract concepts.
empire in lower Mesopotamia, in the lower Euphrates valley. It became a major influence on the region because of its resistance to the Persian Empire. This empire is remembered by the creation of the first written code of laws, Hammurabi’s Code (1790 BC), and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
considered to be the first true dynasty in china. they are consider to invent writing in the region since they are the first group of people from China of which written records are found.
The Hittites development of iron goods, especially arms, helped them developed and increase their empire. Due to their position in the Anatolian Peninsula, their iron making methods expanded to both Europe and Asia approximately at the same time
navigators and traders of the Mediterranean world.
longer lasting Chinese dynasty characterized by the emergence of important philosophical schools such as Confucianism and Taoism; its skilled with bronze-ware making; and the modernization of the ancient script
founder of Buddhism.
Chinese philosopher whose teachings were based on governmental morality, correctness of social relationships (filial piety), justice and sincerity. His ideology greatly shaped Asian culture.
Bantu people migration created great cultural diffusion from Central to South Africa. By the time they reached South Africa they had developed novel methods in agriculture and metal working, they had also created kingdoms that would become the foundation for the Great Zimbabwe
Athenian philosopher famous for his view of philosophy as a pursuit proper and necessary to all intelligent men. His philosophy is called dialectic (analysis of question and answer)
Conqueror of Greek city states and of Persian Empires from Asia Minor and Egypt to India. His most important legacy is the great cultural diffusions his conquest produced, which became the basis of the Hellenistic culture.
connected Europe to Asia, and the Mediterranean with the Black Sea.
earlier of the two great schools of Buddhism emphasizing personal salvation through one’s own efforts.
introduction of Buddhism in China changed Chinese culture and politics, an created a common link with neighboring regions.
considered the golden age of Chine history. This dynasty was characterized by technological and scientific advancements such as papermaking and the use of negative number in mathematics. It also created the foundations for the Silk Road, one of the major trade routes between Asia and Europe.
the terms of peace imposed by ancient Rome on its dominions.
founder of Christianity
most notable of early Christian missionaries. Helped spread Christianity to different regions of the known world
letter signed by Constantine I and Licinius that proclaimed religious toleration in the Roman Empire.
empire that at its height encompassed much of North India. Due its constant peace and prosperity the people living in this dynasty were able to developed new technologies, flourish in arts and literature (Iron Pillar), and make outstanding progress on mathematics and other sciences. Its most distinguished rulers are Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II.
emperor of the Hunnic Empire. He is known as the Scourge God due to his ferocious attacks against the Roman Empire.
This was the first time in almost 800 years that Rome had fallen to an enemy, it is seen as a major landmark in the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Eastern Roman emperor whose greatest accomplishment was the codification of Roman law. He also built the Hagia Sophia
the first printing is done in China under the T’ang Dynasty.
The temple of Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in the First Jewish-Roman War. Its fall is still mourned today in the Jewish fast Tisha B’Av and celebrated in the the Arch of Titus.