Spartans took over, and made the Messenians helots.
Despite being outnumbered, Spartans defeat the helots. The Messenian revolt created a constant fear of an uprising by the helots.
Darius the Great and Persia vs. Athens and Greece
Persia sends 25,000 men across the Ageon Sea and the war starts in Anatolia. They are defeated by 10,000 Athenians.
Pheidippidies ran 26.2 miles from Marathon to Athens to warn Athens the Persians were coming. Athens defeats Persia, first Persian war ends.
Persia wants revenge on Athens. Xerxes, Darius' son, leads Persia.
Athens positioned themselves into a naval battle on the Island of Salimis. Persian was unable to navigate narrow water passages. Athens had war victory.
Located in Thermopylae- narrow mountain pass. 700 Greeks (including 300 Spartans) held Persia for 3 days. All 300 Spartans sacrifice them selves
Athens becomes the leader of the Delian League, grew very wealthy. Built mini- Greek empire.
Honorable statesman. Increased amount of paid public officials, and strengthened direct democracy. Rebuilds navy, and taxes other city-states through the Delian league. Focused on beauty and culture for Athens.
Artistic and literary supremacy. Strong Democratic Government.
Phillip's son, who followed in his steps invading and taking over Persia, and having many other conquest.
Alexander led 35,000 soldiers across the Hellespont into Anatolia. Alexander ordered a cavalry attack, and gained victory.
Marched into Egypt, a Persian territory. Alexander was crown pharaoh. Alexander's victory at Gaugamela ended Persia's Power.