Important Events in Ancient Greece

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Spartans Conquered Messenians

725 B.C.

Spartans took over, and made the Messenians helots.

Messenian Revolt

650 B.C.

Despite being outnumbered, Spartans defeat the helots. The Messenian revolt created a constant fear of an uprising by the helots.

1st Persian War

500 B.C. - 490 B.C.

Darius the Great and Persia vs. Athens and Greece
Persia sends 25,000 men across the Ageon Sea and the war starts in Anatolia. They are defeated by 10,000 Athenians.

Battle of Marathon

490 B.C.

Pheidippidies ran 26.2 miles from Marathon to Athens to warn Athens the Persians were coming. Athens defeats Persia, first Persian war ends.

Battle of Thermopylae

480 B.C. - 476 B.C.

Located in Thermopylae- narrow mountain pass. 700 Greeks (including 300 Spartans) held Persia for 3 days. All 300 Spartans sacrifice them selves

2nd Persian War

480 B.C. - 476 B.C.

Persia wants revenge on Athens. Xerxes, Darius' son, leads Persia.

2nd Persian War Naval Battle

480 B.C. - 476 B.C.

Athens positioned themselves into a naval battle on the Island of Salimis. Persian was unable to navigate narrow water passages. Athens had war victory.

Golden Age of Athens

475 B.C. - 470 B.C.

Athens becomes the leader of the Delian League, grew very wealthy. Built mini- Greek empire.

Pericles

461 B.C. - 429 B.C.

Honorable statesman. Increased amount of paid public officials, and strengthened direct democracy. Rebuilds navy, and taxes other city-states through the Delian league. Focused on beauty and culture for Athens.

Growth of Athens

447 B.C. - 431 B.C.

Artistic and literary supremacy. Strong Democratic Government.

Alexander the Great

356 B.C. - 323 B.C.

Phillip's son, who followed in his steps invading and taking over Persia, and having many other conquest.

Invasion of Persia

334 B.C.

Alexander led 35,000 soldiers across the Hellespont into Anatolia. Alexander ordered a cavalry attack, and gained victory.

Conquering the Persian Empire

332 B.C.

Marched into Egypt, a Persian territory. Alexander was crown pharaoh. Alexander's victory at Gaugamela ended Persia's Power.