The Magna carta was a limted goverment. The forms of goverment had limted power. The Magna Carta also provided a form of protection of the laws , taxes and property
founding of the first 13 colonies
1607 - 1733
The colonies are divided into three sectors. The New England colonies which are Massachusetts , New Hampshire , Plymouth , Rhode Island , Connecticut. The Middle colonies which are New York , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , New Jersey , Delaware. The southern colonies which are Maryland , Virginia , North Carolina , South Carolina , Georgia. Also nine of these thirteen colonies had a official or established church. Democracy did grow rabid but did not stay in its current form. All of the colonies had a governor.
The mayflower Compact
The mayflower Compact was a plan for a self goverment system. The mayflower compact ment you set your own law and your own goverment. That is what the pilgrams did. No one told them how to run there goverment. The pilgrims also picked there own leaders
Petition of right
Petition of right. When the king signed this petition his power was limted. This ment that the enlish could no longer collect taxes unless they had a parliament consent. People were being put to jail without cause. Also house Troops were being put in peoples houses without permisssion from the owner.
Fundamental orders of connecticut
The Fundamental orders of connecticut was a document. A plan for the goverment. This plan gave the people the right to elect their judges, goverment and representatives to make the laws.
The great fundamentals
The great fundamentals. It was the first basic laws of the English colonies.
English Bill of rights
The English Bill of Rights. It was a document very imporant to the American colonies. This document stated facts of what a goverment can and cannot do. This document manily applied to the American colonest.
Montesquieu's The spirit of Laws
It is a treaty by Charles de Secondat on political theory.
Articles of confederation
The Articles of conferation was a docment. This documnet stated how the thirteen colonies would operate. This ment how the state would govern themselfs and what individual rights the citizens would have.
The Albany plan
The Albany Plan. Benjamin Franklin wanted to put a Representative in every state. The Representative would represent that state and make the decisions. The problem was the people of those states did not want a Representative for there state. They felt they should be able to make some of the decisions.
The French and Indian War
1754 - 1763
The French and Indian war. It was a war between the French and the British. The war was over the lands in western Pennsylvania and Ohio. Great Britain eventually won the war in 1763. Since the French lost the war in America the American colonists did not need the British to protect them from the French.
The stamp act
The stamp act was Taxes that were put on American colonists. American colonists were required to pay a tax on every printed papper they used.
The Intolerable Acts were unacceptable laws that Great Britian placed on the thirteen colonies. The Intolerable Acts started due to the Boston Tea party.
The First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress. It was the relationship between the 13 colonies and Great Britain. The colonial leaders Patrick Henry , Samuel Adams , Richard Henry Lee , George Washington all attended a meeting except for Georgia. They debated what to do about there relationship with Great Britain. Then They came to an agreement where they would not trade with Great Britain. They also agreed not to use British goods.
The Second Continental Congress
The Second Continental Congress. It helped American get its independence. That means it guided the 13 colonies through the war. The Second Continental Congress got supplies , negotiated treaties. It acted as a government to the 13 colonies.
Paine's Common Sense
Thomas Paine challenged the British government and the royal monarchy. Thomas Pain spoke out to the American people about being ruled by Great Britain.
The Declaration of independence
The Declaration of independence is how America was formed.It was also a formal explanation of why the 13 colonies wanted their indenpendece from Great Britain.
1786 - 1787
Shay's Rebellion was made up of pour farmers who were feeling the affects of there high debt and high taxes. The rebellion was led by Daniel Shay who was a veteran of the American Revolution.
The Three Fifths Compromise. It was a disagreement over how many representatives to put in each state that would have a house. The founding fathers argeed that if the states want to include the slaves they could only get 3/5 of the slaves. The States wanted to do this because they would get more people in there house to represent them.
The consitutional Convention was a model of the U.S constitution. It stated how the united states would be governed.
The Northwest ordinace was a territory. It described what states would be included in that territory. Also it included how the territory would be organized.
The Connecticut Compromise
The Connecticut Compromise meant that large and small states would be equally represented.
The Ratification of the Constitution
The Ratification of the Constitution. This is when the citizens accept what the constitution is. What that means is, it served as the adoption of the Constitution.
Delaware passed the Constitution
December 7, 1787
Pennsylvania passed the Constitution
December 12, 1787
New Jersey passed the Constitution
December 18, 1787
Georgia passed the Constitution
Jan 2, 1788
Connecticut passed the Constitution
Jan 9, 1788
Massachusetts passed the Constitution
Feb 6, 1788
Maryland passed the Constitution
April 28, 1788
South Carolina passed the Constitution
May 23, 1788
New Hampshire passed the Constitution
June 21, 1788
Virginia Passed the Constitution
June 25, 1788
New York passed the Constitution
July 26, 1788
North Carolina passed the Constitution
Nov 21, 1789
Rhode Island passed the Constitution
May 29, 1790
The New Jersey Plan
The New Jersey plan was a proposal by William Paterson of how the structure of the united states goverment would be. This proposal was at the constitutional Convention.
The Virginia Plan was a proposal submitted by James Madison to the Philadelphia convention as to how goverment should be structured.