Foundations of American Government

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Magna Carta

1215

The Magna carta was a limted goverment. The forms of goverment had limted power. The Magna Carta also provided a form of protection of the laws , taxes and property

founding of the first 13 colonies

1607 - 1733

The colonies are divided into three sectors. The New England colonies which are Massachusetts , New Hampshire , Plymouth , Rhode Island , Connecticut. The Middle colonies which are New York , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , New Jersey , Delaware. The southern colonies which are Maryland , Virginia , North Carolina , South Carolina , Georgia. Also nine of these thirteen colonies had a official or established church. Democracy did grow rabid but did not stay in its current form. All of the colonies had a governor.

The mayflower Compact

1620

The mayflower Compact was a plan for a self goverment system. The mayflower compact ment you set your own law and your own goverment. That is what the pilgrams did. No one told them how to run there goverment. The pilgrims also picked there own leaders

Petition of right

1628

Petition of right. When the king signed this petition his power was limted. This ment that the enlish could no longer collect taxes unless they had a parliament consent. People were being put to jail without cause. Also house Troops were being put in peoples houses without permisssion from the owner.

Fundamental orders of connecticut

1629

The Fundamental orders of connecticut was a document. A plan for the goverment. This plan gave the people the right to elect their judges, goverment and representatives to make the laws.

The great fundamentals

1636

The great fundamentals. It was the first basic laws of the English colonies.

English Bill of rights

1688

The English Bill of Rights. It was a document very imporant to the American colonies. This document stated facts of what a goverment can and cannot do. This document manily applied to the American colonest.

Montesquieu's The spirit of Laws

1748

It is a treaty by Charles de Secondat on political theory.

The French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian war. It was a war between the French and the British. The war was over the lands in western Pennsylvania and Ohio. Great Britain eventually won the war in 1763. Since the French lost the war in America the American colonists did not need the British to protect them from the French.

The Albany plan

1754

The Albany Plan. Benjamin Franklin wanted to put a Representative in every state. The Representative would represent that state and make the decisions. The problem was the people of those states did not want a Representative for there state. They felt they should be able to make some of the decisions.

Articles of confederation

1754

The Articles of conferation was a docment. This documnet stated how the thirteen colonies would operate. This ment how the state would govern themselfs and what individual rights the citizens would have.

The stamp act

1765

The stamp act was Taxes that were put on American colonists. American colonists were required to pay a tax on every printed papper they used.

The Second Continental Congress

1774

The Second Continental Congress. It helped American get its independence. That means it guided the 13 colonies through the war. The Second Continental Congress got supplies , negotiated treaties. It acted as a government to the 13 colonies.

Intolerable Acts

1774

The Intolerable Acts were unacceptable laws that Great Britian placed on the thirteen colonies. The Intolerable Acts started due to the Boston Tea party.

The First Continental Congress

1774

The First Continental Congress. It was the relationship between the 13 colonies and Great Britain. The colonial leaders Patrick Henry , Samuel Adams , Richard Henry Lee , George Washington all attended a meeting except for Georgia. They debated what to do about there relationship with Great Britain. Then They came to an agreement where they would not trade with Great Britain. They also agreed not to use British goods.

Paine's Common Sense

1776

Thomas Paine challenged the British government and the royal monarchy. Thomas Pain spoke out to the American people about being ruled by Great Britain.

The Declaration of independence

1776

The Declaration of independence is how America was formed.It was also a formal explanation of why the 13 colonies wanted their indenpendece from Great Britain.

Shay's Rebellion

1786 - 1787

Shay's Rebellion was made up of pour farmers who were feeling the affects of there high debt and high taxes. The rebellion was led by Daniel Shay who was a veteran of the American Revolution.

3/5 compromise

1787

The Three Fifths Compromise. It was a disagreement over how many representatives to put in each state that would have a house. The founding fathers argeed that if the states want to include the slaves they could only get 3/5 of the slaves. The States wanted to do this because they would get more people in there house to represent them.

The Connecticut Compromise

1787

The Connecticut Compromise meant that large and small states would be equally represented.

constitutional Convention

1787

The consitutional Convention was a model of the U.S constitution. It stated how the united states would be governed.

The Ratification of the Constitution

1787

The Ratification of the Constitution. This is when the citizens accept what the constitution is. What that means is, it served as the adoption of the Constitution.

Norhtwest ordinace

1787

The Northwest ordinace was a territory. It described what states would be included in that territory. Also it included how the territory would be organized.

Delaware passed the Constitution

December 7, 1787

Pennsylvania passed the Constitution

December 12, 1787

New Jersey passed the Constitution

December 18, 1787

Georgia passed the Constitution

Jan 2, 1788

Connecticut passed the Constitution

Jan 9, 1788

Massachusetts passed the Constitution

Feb 6, 1788

Maryland passed the Constitution

April 28, 1788

South Carolina passed the Constitution

May 23, 1788

New Hampshire passed the Constitution

June 21, 1788

Virginia Passed the Constitution

June 25, 1788

New York passed the Constitution

July 26, 1788

North Carolina passed the Constitution

Nov 21, 1789

Rhode Island passed the Constitution

May 29, 1790

The New Jersey Plan

1887

The New Jersey plan was a proposal by William Paterson of how the structure of the united states goverment would be. This proposal was at the constitutional Convention.

Virginia Plan

1887

The Virginia Plan was a proposal submitted by James Madison to the Philadelphia convention as to how goverment should be structured.