Posse stops Southern Railroad train in Paint Rock, Alabama. Scottsboro boys are arrested on charges of assault. Rape charges are added against all nine boys after accusations are made by Victoria Price and Ruby Bates.
Scottsboro boys are nearly lynched by crowd of over 100 gathered around Scottsboro's jail.
Grand jury indicts the nine Scottsboro boys of rape.
NAACP and International Labor Defense (ILD) battle for the right to represent the Scottsboro boys.
Trial begins in Scottsboro before judge A.E Hawkins
Clarence Norris, Charlie Weems, Haywood Patterson, Olen Montgomery, Ozie Powell, Willie Roberson, Eugene Williams, and Andy Wright are tried and convicted, and sentenced to death. The trial of Roy Wright ends in a mistrial when some jurors hold out for a death sentence even though the prosecution asked for life imprisonment.
Executions are stayed pending appeal to Alabama Supreme Court.
On the date first set for their executions, the Scottsboro boys listen to the execution of Willie Stokes, the first of ten blacks to be executed at the prison over the next ten years. After hearing gruesome reports of the execution, many of the boys report nightmares or sleepless nights.
NAACP withdraws from case.
Ruby Bates, in a letter to a Earl Streetman, denies that she was raped.
Alabama Supreme Court, by a vote of 6-1, affirms the convictions of seven of the boys. The conviction of Eugene Williams is reversed on the grounds that he was a juvenile under state law in 1931.
The U. S. Supreme Court announces that it will review the Scottsboro cases.
The Supreme Court, by a vote of 7-2, reverses the convictions of the Scottsboro boys in Powell vs. Alabama. Grounds for reversal are that Alabama failed to provide adequate assistance of counsel as required by the due process clause of the 14th Amendment.
Samuel S. Leibowitz, a New York lawyer, is retained by the ILD to defend the Scottsboro boys.
Haywood Patterson's second trial begins in Decatur before judge James Horton.
Haywood Patterson found guilty by jury and sentenced to death in the electric chair.
Judge Horton postpones the trials of the other Scottsboro boys because of dangerously high local tensions.
In one of many protests around the country thousands march in Washington protesting the Alabama trials of the Scottsboro boys.
Judge Horton sets aside Haywood Patterson's conviction and grants a new trial.