foundations of american government


Magna Carta


provided tye basis for the principale of limited government in which the power of the monarch or government was limited not absolute.

founding of the first 13 colonies

1607 - 1733

every colony had some type of prpoerty qualification fror voting

mayflower compact


the piligrams signed in 1620 stands as tghe first example of many colonial plans for self- government.

locke's two treatises of government


while parliament maintained some influence strong monarchs dominated england for centuries

Peition of right


while parliament msintained some influnces strong monarchs dominated england for enturies.

Adoption of the great fundamentals


in 1636 the colony adopted the great fundamentals the first basic system of laws in the english colonies

fundamnental orders of connecticut


after english colonies began drawing up thier own charters

english bill of rights


in 1688 parliament removed james II from the thjrone and crowned williams III and mary II

Montesquiue's the spirit of laws


colonial legislature became the political training grounds for the leaders who later would write the constitution.

Albany acts


the colonies rejected the plan however because it gave too much power to an assembly.

french & indian war


second george III who became king in1760

second contenential congress


with in 3 weeks delegates from all thirteen colonies gathered in philadelphia

stamp act


The Stamp Act (March 1765) was one of three (and the last) to be passed that culminated in the frustration of the colonists.

intolerable acts


The Intolerable Acts, called by the British the Coercive Acts or Punitive Acts, were a series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 in response to the growing unrest in the American Colonies, particularly in Boston, Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party.

First continental congress


georgia met in philidelphia on sept 4 1774 for the first continential congress.

decleration of independence


on july 2, 1776 the congress approved lees resolution

pains common sense


In relative proportion to the population of the colonies at that time, it had the largest sale and circulation of any book published in American history

Articles of Confederation


Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.

northwest ordinance


Arguably the single most important piece of legislation passed by members of the earlier Continental Congresses other than the Declaration of Independence, it established the precedent by which the federal government would be sovereign and expand westward across North America with the admission of new states, rather than with the expansion of existing states and their established sovereignty under the Articles of Confederation.

Shay's Reellion

1786 - 1787

It was precipitated by several factors: financial difficulties brought about by a post-war economic depression, a credit squeeze caused by a lack of hard currency, and fiscally harsh government policies instituted in 1785 to solve the state's debt problems. Protesters, including many war veterans, shut down county courts in the later months of 1786 to stop the judicial hearings for tax and debt collection.

consitutional convention


The place: the State House in Philadelphia, the same location where the Declaration of Independence had been signed 11 years earlier.

New Jersey plan


The New Jersey Plan was opposed by James Madison and Edmund Randolph (the proponents of the Virginia Plan).

connecticut compromise


finally a special committe designed a compromise .

virginia plan


Virginia delegate Edmund Randolph proposed what became known as "The Virginia Plan.