Foundations of American Goverment

Main

Magna Carta

1215

Magna Carta was the first document forced onto a King of England by a group of his subjects, the feudal barons, in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges
It was translated into vernacular French as early as 1219,and reissued later in the 13th century in modified versions.

Founding of the first 13 colonies

1607 - 1733

NEW ENGLAND COLONIES:
NEW HAMPSHIRE
RHODE ISLAND
CONNECTICUT

MIDDLE COLONIES:
DELWARE
NEW JERSEY
PENNSYLVANIA
NEW YORK

SOUTHERN COLONIES:
GEORGIA
SOUTH CAROLINA
NORTH CAROLINA
VIRGINIA
MARYLAND

--Residents of these colonies were mostly independent farmers, who owned their own land and voted for their local and provincial government

Mayflower compact

1620

The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.

Stands as the first as the first example of many colonial plans for self GOVT

Petition of Right

1628

The Petition of Right is a major English constitutional document that sets out specific liberties of the subject that the king is prohibited from infringing.

Adoption of the Great Fundamentals

1636

The first basic system of laws in english colonies.
Plan for GOVT that gave the people the right to elect the governor, judges, and representavies to make laws.

Fundamental orders of connecticut

1639

The Fundamental Orders were adopted by the Connecticut Colony council on January 14, 1639
It has the features of a written constitution, and is considered by some as the first written Constitution in the Western tradition, and thus earned Connecticut its nickname of The Constitution State

English Bill of Rights

1689

The Bill of Rights is an Act of the Parliament of England passed on 16 December 1689. It was a restatement in statutory form of the Declaration of Right presented by the Convention Parliament to William and Mary in March 1689 (or 1688 by Old Style dating), inviting them to become joint sovereigns of England.

Locke's two treatises of GOVT

1690

Locke, Volaire, and rousseau denied that people were born with an obligation to obey thier rulers.

The spirt of laws

1748

Colonial legishlatures had the power to pass laws, and colnial courts heard cases.

Albany Plan

1754

The Albany Plan of Union was a proposal to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader of 48 and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress in July 1754 in Albany, New York.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

Is the American name for the North American theater of the Seven Years' War. The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France.

Stamp acts

1765

imposed the first direct tax on the colonists. it required them to pay a tax on legal documents, pamphlets, newspapers, and even dice and playing cards.

Intolerbale Acts

1774

The Intolerable Acts was a name used to describe a series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 relating to Britain's colonies in North America.

First Contiental congress

1774

The Congress was attended by 56 members appointed by the legislatures of twelve of the Thirteen Colonies, the exception being the Province of Georgia, which was hoping for British assistance with Indian problems on its frontier.

The Congress met briefly to consider options, including an economic boycott of British trade; rights and grievances; and petitioned King George III for redress of those grievances

Second Contiental Congress

1775

When the Second Continental Congress came together on May 10, 1775 it was, in effect, a reconvening of the First Continental Congress. Many of the same 56 delegates who attended the first meeting were in attendance at the second, and the delegates appointed the same president (Peyton Randolph) and secretary (Charles Thomson)

Declaration of Independence

1776

Thomas Jeffferson wrote it.
It is one of the most famous documents in history.
drew together the ideas of thinkers such as Locke and others to set out the colonies reasons for proclaiming thier freedom.
It is for freedom against great britan.

Paines common sense

1776

is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine. It was first published anonymously on January 10, 1776, at the beginning of the American Revolution.

Common Sense presented the American colonists with an argument for freedom from British rule at a time when the question of seeking independence was still undecided.

Articles of confederation

1776

The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

Northwest Ordinance

1785

Also known as the Freedom Ordinance or "The Ordinance of 1787, was an act of the Congress of the Confederation of the United States, passed July 13, 1787.

Established the princple that the territories were to be devloped for statehood on an equal basis with the older states.

Shays rebellion

1786

Was an armed uprising that took place in central and western Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787. The rebellion was named after Daniel Shays, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War and one of the rebel leaders

New Jersey Plan

1787

was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787.
Wanted the legislative branch to be based on equal representation- each state gets one vote!

Virginia Plan

1787

Was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a legislative branch based on population- larger states get more representatives and votes.

Constitutional Convention

1787

Took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to address problems in governing the United States of America.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia convention of 1787.
The slaves are counted as 3/5 of a person when coming up with a population count.

NJ Ratified The Constitution

1787

PA Ratified The Constitution

1787

DL Ratified The Constitution

1787

Connecticut Compromise - Great Compromise.

1787

was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution. The legislative branch will have two houses(house of representatives and senate)

CT Ratified The Constitution

1788

NY Ratified The Constitution

1788

NH Ratified The Constitution

1788

VA Ratified The Constitution

1788

MD Ratified The Constitution

1788

SC Ratified The Constitution

1788

GA Ratified The Constitution

1788

MA Ratified The Constitution

1788

NC Ratified The Constitution

1789

Ratification of the Constitution

1790

The Federal Convention, which had drafted the Constitution between May and September 1787, had no authority to impose it on the American people.

9 of the 13 states agreed to pass the Constitution.

RI Ratified The Constitution

1790