The Portuguese were the pioneers when it come to African slave trade. It started when they settled port cities along the african coast. over the next 400 years over 20 million slaves would be traded throughout the world.
Dias' Voyage into the Indian Ocean
1487 - 1488
Dias departed Portugal in 1487 in search of a new trade route to Asia. He sailed around Africa and reached the Swahili city states.
Here he traded and then returned in 1488.
Columbus' First Voyage
1492 - 1493
Columbus set out across the Atlantic searching for a faster route to India and China. When he reached land he thought he was in the Indies and found Asia. A few years after the journey the Europeans learned that they had discovered two new continents.
Treaty of Tordesillas
The Treaty of Tordesillas was created to deal with growing tension in the new world. It created an imaginary line running north to south dividing the atlantic in two. The region east of the line was controlled by Portugal and the area west was controlled by spain.
Foundation of Society of Jesus
The Society of Jesus was founded to help spread christianity throughout the world. It was mainly focused in Asia where they would try to convert the large population.
Council of Trent
1545 - 1563
The Council of Trent was created mainly to counter reformation. It only lasted 28 years and was never able to make a huge impact in life.
Seven Years' War
1556 - 1563
The Seven Years War was fought against the major powers in Europe. Britain allied with Prussia and Portugal to take on France and Spain.
Peace of Westphalia
The peace of Westphalia was a treaty written by many other smaller treaties dealing with cease fires and territory gains. Much of the land conquered in the war was given back to its original owners; but France gained lots of land through the treaty.
Established First Colony in Australia
Australia was established for England to hold a large amount of land shortly after the had loss the American colonies. Instead of slaves building its infrastructure they used convicts.
End of British Slave Trade
The end of British slave trade marked the beginning of the end for all slavery in European colonies. With slave trade ended the Americas weren't getting new slaves from Africa but had a substantial population to supply the demands.
Empires and Dynasties
1299 - 1922
The Ottoman was the first great gun-powder empire to rise. During its height it controlled the Middle east, Serbia, Anatolian peninsula, and Northern Africa.
1375 - 1591
The Songhay Empire was the last great empire of west Africa. The largest of any african emprie that has dominated the region the Songhay Empire would also last the longest,
1501 - 1736
The Safavid Empire was located in modern day Iran. The Empire was able to convert all of Iran and parts of Turkey to Islam. It contested the Ottomans and Mughals during its reign.
1526 - 1707
Located in Northern India and Pakistan; the Mughal Empire was the greatest empire India has ever seen. Even though there was much religious tension in the empire between the hindus and muslims.
1603 - 1868
Bringing Japan out its feudal states and uniting the country under one ruler the Tokugawa Shogunate was able to centralize the government and begin foreign trade. Lasting over 200 Years the Tokugawa Shogunate was the strongest empire the Island of Japan has ever seen.
1644 - 1911
The Qing Dynasty was the last Imperial dynasty china has seen. During the Qing Dynasty China was in a golden age; It had food to feed million, silk for trade, and was centralized. the population grew by 300 million people.
Reigns and Lives
Prince Henry the Navigator
1394 - 1460
Ruler of Portugal during the early Renaissance Henry led the small nation of Portugal in exploration. Encouraging exploration Henry paid sailors for finding new unconquered lands for colonization.
Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror
1444 - 1481
Mehmed the conquerer would lead his empire to conquering Constantinople and would make it its capital. he also conquered land south of modern day turkey and expand the empire.
Reign of Sunni Ali
1464 - 1492
The founder of the Songhai Empire in west Africa he led his people to conquer much of the Niger river basin. He was the greatest emperor the Songhai would ever see.
1483 - 1546
Martin Luther was a reformer during its early stages. he saw that the Church was corrupt and believed they needed to change the ways of the church.
1509 - 1564
John Calvin was also a reformer. Becoming a great Protestant leader Clavin was able to form a new branch of Christianity with the help of Luther.
Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent
1520 - 1566
Suleyman Ruled the Ottoman empire for 46 years until he died in 1566. He conquered much of central Europe including Hungary.
Reign of Akbar
1556 - 1605
Akbar was the third Mughal Emperor. He tripled the size and wealth of India. he was a philosopher king realizing he had to unite the people to make a strong government.
1564 - 1642
Galileo was an inventor. He discovered the Law of Pendulum at an early age making himself famous. Later on he'd have more inventions like the telescope and discover Jupiters moons and Saturns ring.
Reign of Emperor Wanli
1572 - 1620
The last great emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Wanli brought back much of the old Confucius beliefs to China. He tried to save the Dynasty from failing but he only delayed it.
1632 - 1704
John Locke was a Philosopher who believed everyone has the right to get an education. He would influence the Church to open Universities in major cities and allow priests to teach younger children.