The earlier and longer part of the Stone Age, called the Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Age, lasted from about 2.5 million to 8000 B.C.
The New Stone, or Neolithic Age, began about 8000 B.C and ended as early as 3000 B.C
Around 3500 B.C, they first used the potters wheel to the shape jugs, plates,and bowls.
Around 3000 B.C, Sumerian scribes invented s system of writing called cuneiform meaning "wedged-shaped'.
About 1100 , after Crete's decline, the most powerful traders along the Mediterranean were Phoenicians.
Beginning around 850 B.C , Assyria acquired a large empire.
Around 600 b.c Babylon became the center of a new empire, more than 1,000 years after Hammurabi had ruled there. A Chaldean king named Nebuchadnezzar.
After the Muslim conquest of Persia, in the A.D 600s, the Zoroastrain religion declined .
After overthrowing the Hyksos, the pharaohs of the New Kingdom (about 1570-1075 B.C) sought to strengthen Egypt by building an empire
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt is the period in the history of ancient Egypt stretching from the establishment of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Thirteenth Dynasty, between 2055 B.C and 1650 B.C
In 1856, as quarry workers were digging for limestone in the Neander Valley in Germany, they spotted fossilized bone fragments.
In 1997, DNA test on a Neanderthal skeleton indicted that Neanderthals were not ancestors of modern humans
A powerful seafaring people, the Minans dominated trade in the eastern Mediterranean from 2000 B.C - 1400 B.C.
Egypt's Old Kingdom Dynasties 3–6, ca. 2649–2150 B.C. was one of the most dynamic periods in the development of Egyptian art.