French colony of Haiti received independence and would terrify slave holders of a revolt from their slaves.
Outlawed workers' organizations and unions.
Liberation in Venezuela
1811 - 1814
Royalists and slaves challenged the authority ore the republican government.
Brazil a kingdom
João made brazil a kingdom, and broke away from being a colony of Portugal.
Passed to maintain high prices for domestically produced grain.
Council of State
Improved administrative efficiency. Created by Frederick William III.
Congress system- aix-la-chapelle
Entered France back into Europe as a major power
Execution of Karl Sand
Student member of Burschenshaften who was seen as a nationalist martyr.
Dissolved the Burschenschaften and allowed press censors at public meetings.
August 6, 1819
Militia watching over meeting at saint Peter's field attack audience leaving 11 dead.
1) forbade large unauthorized public meetings
2) raised the fines for seditious libel
3) speed up the trials of political agitators
4) increased newspaper taxes
5) prohibited the training of armed groups
6) allowed local officials to search homes in certain disturbed countries
German Confederation issued act in which a limitation was put on what subjects could be discussed in the constitutional chambers.
Bourbon Ferdinand VII placed on Spanish throne after Napoleon's fall. He promised to follow the constitution but failed to follow through with it.
Protocol of Troppau
A declaration that asserted that stable governments might intervene to restore order in countries experiencing revolution.
Greece was trying to leave the Ottoman Empire and the major powers of Europe wanted to help.
Eight provincial estates
Dominated by Junkers and exercised in an advisory way.
1824 - 1830
King of France after Louis XVIII dies.
December 26, 1825
Russian officers refused to take an oath of allegiance to Nicholas I. Nicholas had his cavalry attack them that afternoon after peaceful attempts failed.
Catholic Emancipation Act
Catholics could now become members of Parliament.
Naval expedition to capture Algiers.
Serbia leaves Ottoman Empire
Russia helped Serbia leave the Ottoman Empire because of the Slavs in Serbia that were considered allies of theirs.
July 25, 1830
Restricted freedom of the press, dissolved the recently elected Chamber of Deputies, limited the franchise to the wealthiest people in the country, and called for a new election.
Great Reform Bill
Expanded the size of the English electorate, but was not a democratic measure.
Nicholas declared Poland to be an integral part of the Russian Empire.