The British and the French began fighting over control over the Ohio Valley region. It was called the French and Indian war because the Indians and the French fought together against the British colonists. The war started out in America but then became a world war.
French and Indian War Ended
The British won the war. The French had to give them some of their land in North America.
Chief Pontiac and his tribes were angry about the colonists taking Indian hunting lands. They attacked British forts to get supplies and guns.
Proclamation of 1763
King George III told British colonists they could not buy land west of the Appalachians from the Native Americans. They could not hunt on it or explore it and they had to move if they lived there.
Parliament made colonists pay taxes on sugar and other goods coming to the colonies from other places.
Stamp Act Congress
Colonial leaders met in New York City to talk about what to do about the Stamp Act, which Parliament planned to enact.
Stamp Act Enacted
Parliament made colonists pay taxes on paper goods such as stamps, newspapers, legal documents, pamphlets, almanacs, and playing cards.
Stamp Act Repealed
Parliament repealed the taxes on paper goods.
Parliament made the colonists pay taxes on lead, glass, paint, paper and tea that was brought into the colonies.
British soldiers shot at a crowd of angry colonists who were calling them names and throwing rocks and snowballs. The soldiers killed five of them.
Boston Tea Party
A group of colonists called the Sons of Liberty boarded ships carrying British tea and threw the tea into the harbor.
Parliament made new laws to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. The laws closed the port of Boston, banned town meetings, and made colonists quarter British soldiers.
Chestertown Tea Party
Colonial patriots in Chestertown, Maryland boarded a ship carrying British tea and threw the tea into the Chester River.
First Continental Congress
Colonial representatives met in Philadelphia to talk about how to deal with the British. They wrote a petition to the king saying that only the colonists should be able to make laws about government and taxes
Battle of Lexington and Concord
British soldiers went to arrest two colonial leaders and to find the guns the colonists had. But the colonists knew the British were coming and they moved the guns and warned the leaders. The colonists fired on the British from behind trees and killed many soldiers.
Battle of Bunker Hill
British soldiers and colonists fought at Breed's Hill, near Bunker Hill. The British won the battle, but only after losing more than 1,000 men. The colonists realized they were strong enough to fight the British soldiers and win.
Second Continental Congress
Colonial representatives met to write another petition to King George III asking for peace. But the king already decided to go to war.
Declaration of Independence
Congress voted to give final approval for the Declaration of Independence. The colonies declared themselves to be free and independent states.
Battle of Yorktown Ended
After weeks of fighting, the last major battle of the Revolutionary War ended. American and French soldiers surrounded the British and made the British surrender.
Treaty of Paris Signed
The treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary War was signed. It took more than a year to write and it officially named the United States of America as a new country.