Ch. 18 and 19: The Progressive Era 1900-1920

US History

Main

Jane Addams founds Hull House

1889

Charlotte Perkins Gilman's Women and Economics

1898

Theodore Dreiser's Sister Carrie

1900

Traced a hopeful young woman's decent into prostitution in Chicago's harsh urban environment.

President McKinley assassinated

1901

Socialist Party founded

1901

President Theodore Roosevelt assists in the coal strike

1902

W.E.B. Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk

1903

United States secures the Panama Canal

1903

Women's Trade Union League founded

1903

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

1904

Northern Securities disscolved

1904

Ida Tarbell's History of the Standard Oil Company

1904

Lincoln Steffen's The Shame of the Cities

1904

IWW established

1905

Russo Japanese War ends

1905

The Niagara movement established

1905

Ford Motor Company established

1905

John A. Ryan's A Living Wage

1906

Meat Inspection Act

1906

Hepburn Act

1906

Pure Food and Drug Act

1906

Upton Sinclair's The Jungle

1906

The era's most influential novel that described unsanitary slaughterhouses and the sale of rotten meat stirred public outrage and led directly to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act of 1906.

Gentleman's Agreement with Japan

1907

Israel Zangwill's The Melting Pot

1908

Muller v. Oregon

1908

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People organized

1909

Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire

1911

March 25, 1911
fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company that occupied the top floors of a ten-story building in Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York. the doors to the stairwell were locked. fire hoses could not reach that high in the building. Many onlookers watched as girls jumped to their death.

Although not the worst disaster in history, the impact was important. 20 years later, FDR referred to this as an example of why the government needed to regulate industry.
-created efforts to organize the city's workers accelerated and the state legislature passed new factory inspection laws and fire safety codes.
-also highlighted how traditional gender roles were changing as women took on new responsibilities in the workplace and in the making of public policy.

Bailey v. Alabama

1911

Mexican Revolution begins

1911

Society of American Indians founded

1911

Theodore Roosevelt organizes the Progressive Party

1912

Titanic Sinks

1912

Children's Bureau established

1912

Federal Reserve established

1913

17th Amendment ratified

1913

16th Amendment ratified

1913

Federal Trade Commission established

1914

World War 1 (Great War)

1914 - 1919

Assassination of Archduke Ferinand

1914

Clayton Act

1914

Walter Lippmann's Drift and Mastery

1914

Ludlow Massacre

1914

Benjamin P. DeWitt's The Progressive Movement

1915

people began to believe democracy is being corrupted by political machines like bankers and executives
he wrote, "the individual could not hope to compete ... slowly, americans realized that they were not free."

Lusitania sinks

1915

D.W. Griffith's Birth of a Nation premieres

1915

Randolph Bourne's "Trans-National America"

1916

Madison Grant's The Passing of the Great Race

1916

Battle at Verdun

1916

Russian Revolution

1917

US enters War

1917

Espionage Act

1917

Zimmerman Note intercepted

1917

Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" speech

1918

Eugene V. Debs convicted under the Espionage Act

1918

Treaty of Versailles signed

1919

18th Amendment ratified

1919

Red Scare

1919 - 1920

19th Amendment ratified

1920

Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles

1920

Buck v. Bell

1927