This rebellion lead to the creation of the Mexican Republic, or the United Mexican States. This republic contained all of Mexico, including some of the United States.
Cuba and Puerto Rico began their independent movements and both fight in the Ten Years War. After a war that lasted ten years, the smell in the air must have been very pungent because of the great amounts of blood, sweat, and tears accumulated after such a long span of time.
The abolition of slavery in Brazil mitigated to sense of racism in the country because there was no longer such a great divide that one person could own another. Many of the people that were slaves were inherited by the encomienda system because anyone that lives on the land that is inherited becomes property as well.
The Mexican Revolution is an extremely famous rebellion in Mexican history purely because of its size. The lower class felt that they could no longer take the incredulous actions of the caudilloses that were controlling their government, so they rebelled. Many haciendas were broken up because of this revolution. Including haciendas being broken up, much of the land was destroyed making it no longer enigmatic. The Catholic Church was unsure of whether or not to support the revolution and because of their wariness, natives that supported the revolution turned against the church and ended up killing thousands of Catholics.
Ecuador was the first of the Latin American countries to permit women to vote.
There were many actions leading up to this uprising nicknamed La Matanza, or The Massacre, some being that El Salvador's main cash crop, coffee, was going down in price. With the coffee business not doing well, many natives and mestizos were laid off. People wanted revenge for this and were listless to find another way to gain it besides violence. Led by Agustin Farabundo Marti, hundreds of people banded together to attempt to overthrow their government. This resulted in the killing of nearly 30,000 people.
This was the date in which the term liberation theology was first used. It is a belief that the church should reach out the to impoverished people of their country and try to help them. Many times when liberation theology was put into place, the priests of the church would be accused of a bad form of syncretism where they were using Marxist practices.
In October, a coup d'etat in El Salvador begin and overthrew the government. The El Salvadorian government was then replaced with the Revolutionary Government Junta of El Salvador. It's rule did not last very long, because of their incapability to give the people what they wanted as well as not control the army sufficiently.
In El Salvador, coffee brought 95% of the income to a small amount of the people, giving the rich more and the poor less. This was a part of the mercantilism of the country. Many of the inhabitants of El Salvador did not get along especially because of money issues, such as the rich peninsulares and the poor natives. Augustin Farabundo Marti created a socialist party and led many mestizos through an uprising. The Salvadoran Civil War was between the FMLN or Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front, named after Augustin Farabundo Marti, and the government of El Salvador. The FMLN was made up of five guerrilla groups. Some of these guerrilla groups began reaching all parts of the country, even to children. A major reason that the war began was because the El Salvadorian government was not doing what was right for their people. The United States was funding the government for a long time until they found out that they were funding the wrong side. When the war finally ended with the FMLN triumphing over the El Salvadorian government, the start of the Chapultepec Peace Accords began, as well as a cease fire that is still continued today. Since the end of the war, the country of El Salvador has better living conditions for its people. Some of the improved conditions include less tensions between racial groups and freer trade for the people.
Oscar Romero was a bishop in El Salvador in the 1970s. When he was appointed Archbishop, many other priests felt that his connections with Marxism would hold them back from progressing in liberation theology. Romero was recognized internationally for his efforts and even expressed his concerns about his country to Pope John Paul II. His assassination was a major cause of the Salvadoran Civil War. He influenced many Salvadorians and spoke for those who could not speak up for themselves.