International Relations 1919-1935

International Relations 1919-1935

Senate Rejects League of Nations

11/19/1919

Who: United States Senate, League of Nations

What Occurred: United States Senate rejected the League of Nations.

Significance: Woodrow Wilson, President of the Unites States was the main creator of the League of Nations. After he lost the election in 1921, the Senate rejected his idea and never was part of the League of Nations. As a world Super Power, the fact the US wasn't part of the League made it significantly weaker.

Little Entente

8/20/1920

Who: Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia

What Occurred: Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia form a mutual defense agreement..

Significance: The Little Entente was created between the countries as common defense against Hungary. It was also created to prevent the recreation of the Habsburg Empire. It was supported by France and each member of it signed a treaty with France.

Aristide Briand is Foreign Minister

1/16/1921 - 1/15/1922

Who: Aristide Briand

What Occurred: Aristide Briand is elected Foreign Minister of France

Significance: Aristide Briand had many accomplishments in his life. He was Prime Minister of France but as Foreign Minister he accomplished the Kellog-Briand Pact.

Anglo-Russian Trade Treaty

3/16/1921

Who: Russia and Great Britain

What Occurred: Russia and Great Britain signed a trade agreement.

Significance: Great Britain, in the creation of the League of Nations, ignored the existence of Russia. This treaty was the first time any country acknowledged the existence of Soviet Russia.

The Washington Naval Conference

11/12/1921 - 2/6/1922

Who: United States, Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy

What Occurred: The participating nations joined together to prevent a naval arms race.

Significance: The arms race prior to World War 1 is believed to be one of the main causes of the War. Them joining together to prevent more war was one of the main reasons of the Paris Peace Conference and was believed to stop War.

Genoa Conference

4/10/1922 - 5/19/1922

Who: Over 34 countries acros the Globe

What Occurred: Countries met to discuss global economic problems following World War 1

Significance: World War 1 created a lot of problems, economic being a primary one. The countries wanted to formulate a plan to rebuild Eastern Europe.

Treaty of Rapallo

4/16/1922

Who: Russia and Germany

What Occurred: Russia and Germany signed where they renounced all territorial and financial claims

Significance: This treaty allowed Germany to go around the Treaty of Versailles and train their troops. It also created a lot of tension with other European countries.

Mussolini comes to power

10/31/1922

Who: Benito Mussolini, Italy

What Occurred: Benito Mussolini took over the Italian government and created the Fascist Party

Significance: Mussolini's takeover of the Italian government created a lot of fear in Europe. He really changed the view of the country and his relationship with Hitler was a big deal.

Ruhr Crisis

1/11/1923 - 8/25/1925

Who: France, Belgium and Germany

What Occurred: French and Belgium troops occupied the Ruhr region of Germany because of the Weimar Republics failure to pay reparations.

Significance: The Occupation of the Ruhr caused the Locarno Treaties, and was a major event in Europe. It shook up the relationship between France and Germany.

Corfu Incident

8/27/1923 - 9/27/1923

Who: Greece, Albania, Italy, and the League of Nations

What Occured: A dispute between Albania and Greece. What they couldn't solve it themselves they took it to the League of Nations.

Signifigance: When the League tried to intervening it didn't work, showing that it was weak. Unable to solve problems caused by its own members.

Dawes Plan

8/10/1924

What: A plan was formed by Charles Dawes to help end the reparation issues after WW1

Who: Dawes Committee

Signifigance: the Dawes plan was an attempt to fix the issues that the reparation system had in the early 1920's, it eventually failed and was replaced with the Young plan.

Stresemann and Briand help produce the Dawes Plan

8/10/1924

What: Stresemann and Briand help produce the Dawes plan to help solve the reparations problems after WW1

Who: Gustav Stresemann and Aristide Briand

Signifigance: Them helping was signifigant because it was a colaberation between America, France, and Germany

Geneva Protocol

6/17/1925

Stresemann negotiates Locarno Treaty

10/5/1925 - 10/16/1925

Locarno Treaties

10/5/1925 - 10/16/1925

Treaty of Berlin

4/15/1926

Briand and Stresemann win the Nobel Peace Prize

6/15/1926

Germany joins the League of Nations

9/10/1926

Kellog Briand Pact

8/27/1928

The Young Plan

6/7/1929

Great Depression starts in USA

10/29/1929

Japanese Invasion of Manchuria

9/19/1931

World Disarmament Conference

5/4/1932 - 10/29/1934

Hitler comes to power

1/30/1933

The London Economic Conference

6/12/1933 - 7/27/1933

Germany withdraw from the League of Nations

10/14/1933

USSR Invades the League of Nations

9/18/1934

Italian Invasion of Abyssinia

2/10/1935