-Austrian minister, believed in the policies of legitimacy and intervention Leader of the Congress of Vienna
-saw liberalism and nationalism as threats
Ireland, Germans, Italy, Poland, Eastern and Southeastern Europe experience Nationalistic pressure due to other states controlling them.
-This raised the prices of grains so the aristocrats receive more profit.
It suspended habes corpus and extended existing laws against seditious gatherings like the one at Spa Fields. This was not liked by the radicals.
it was where the first congress system happened.
-Quadruple Alliance memmbers decide France should be freed of occupation;
- France joins Quadruple alliance & becomes Quintuple Alliance; -Castleragh rejects Alexander's proposal that great powers support exisisting governments in Europe
He was a student member of Burschenshaften who was seen as a nationalist martyr.
It dissolved the Burschenschaften (student clubs who discussed about a unified German state) .
1) forbade large unauthorized public meetings
2) raised the fines for seditious libel
3) speed up the trials of political agitators
4) increased newspaper taxes
5) prohibited the training of armed groups
6) allowed local officials to search homes in certain disturbed countries
-Spanish revolution was a revolution against King Bourbon Ferdinand VII of Spain. When he had been put into power, he pledged to abide by the Cortes, but once he gained power, he abolished the constitution and ruled alone.
-A civil war in Spain fought between royalists and liberals.
It was a meeting where leaders agreed to provide military intervention to support governments against internal revolution.
In it, the congress was to make a decision whether to allow Austria to intervene in Italy. Shortly after, Austrian troops marched into naples and restored the king of the two sicilies to a nonconstitutional government.
It was a rebellion in Greece against the Ottoman Empire in 1820; key step in gradually dismantling the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
-A civil war in Spain fought between royalists and liberals in which France intervened, trying to restore the Bourbon Ferdinand VII to the throne in Spain.
-becomes king of France cuz Louis XVII dies.
He lowered the interest rate on government bonds.
He supported the Roman Catholic Church.
He restored the rule of primogeniture.
It was the first time for Russians demanding a constitutional gov’t and the abolition of serfdom.
Instead of accepting the new Chamber of Deputies, the king and his ministers decided to attempt a royalist seizure of power.
-granted by Ottoman sultan
-allowed Irish Catholics to vote and hold political office
- started by O'Connell
-passed in Great Britian
It was the overthrow of Charles X.
It was the response to 4 ordinances which angered the Liberals and the poor people.
Charles X last act after his failed election.
He censored the press,
changed the electoral law to favor his own candidates,
dissolved the newly elected Chamber of deputies, and
ordered new elections
He was favored by the liberals. He included a new constitution which included the right of the people, no press censorship, religious tolerance.
But he provided no help for the poor.
Belgium gains independence.
It reformed British House of Commons and expanded electorate by fifty percent to include wider variety of propertied classes.
It laid groundwork for further reforms in British constitution.
It was instituted by William IV to create enough new peers to give a third reform bill a majority in the House of the Lords.
It was a gathering in Manchester, England to discuss political reform and spread new ideas which was attacked by the government troops.