Did research on heredity/gentics on pea plants
the first researcher to isolate and identify nucleic acid.
Studied whether or not "R" cells and "S" cells treated differently would infect a mouse, discovered transformation.
Known for gene regulation of biochemical events within cells.
showed that genes control individual steps in metabolism
Tested whether or not the transforming agent in Griffith's experiment was protein, RNA, or DNA
Observed that the percentages of adenine equals the percentage of thymine. The percentage of cytosine equals the percentage of Guanine. Now called base pairs
Watson and Crick created the Double helix model, with help of the pictures by Franklin and Wilkins.
Tested whether or not DNA or protein was the hereditary material viruses transfer when viruses enter a bacterium.
Showed how DNA replicated
"broke" the genetic code
Brenner created the first computer matrix analysis of nucleic acids. Discovered frameshift mutations
Franklin was already dead, but is honored in the Cambridge Institute.
discovered reverse transcriptase
Studied recombinant DNA and the genome of poliovirus.
Antisense therapy- genetic mutations