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Eastern Woodland indians

800 BC - 800 AD

Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD
One of the first American settlers. Lived off the land by building their own houses, catches/growing their own food, and making their own clothes.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800
Economic doctrine of government that control the foreign trade. Ensure military security for the country.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Triangle Save Trade

1500 - 1800
Slaves were shipped from Africa to the colonies and sold at auction. Used as workers for rich plantation owners. Often times separated from family.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527
First European settlement in US territory. Only lasted three months of winter, abandoned in eary 1527.

Royal colony

1600 - 1699

Royal Colony

1600 - 1699
A colony controlled by the king. At this time the king was King George II.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733
Founded by Great Britan in the early 1600s. This land would soon become the United States of America and the colonies would soon become states.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690
Type of settlement where landowners were sent from Great Britain to supervise and run the land.

Slaves Codes

1700 - 1850

Slaves Codes

1700 - 1850
Stricter slave laws passes in result of many slaves revolts. These also gave rules for the masters to follow.

Rice and Indiago

1700 - 1799

Rice and Indiago

1700 - 1799
The United States produced Indiago and rice and traded it with other countries.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717
War between South Carolina settlers and Native American tribes. The settlers won and the Indians moved south.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740
Slave rebellion in the South Carolina colony. Largest one in the colonies prior to the American Revolution.

Plantation System

1750 - 1865

Plantation System

1750 - 1865
System of harvesting crops using salves. Started in Virginia and quickly spread throughout the south.

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763
English and the French battled for colonial domination in North America. Indians helped fight for the French.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761
Fight between the British soldiers and the Cherokee Indians over land.

Regulator Movement

1764 - 1771

Regulator Movement

1764 - 1771
Western farmers who joined together and North and South Carolina to fight local government officials.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766
One of the causes leading up to the Americsn Revolution. This is when the British put taxes on sugar.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766
Group of American patriots that boycotted all the British taxes and rules. Took part in the Boston Tea Party.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766
One cause leading up to the American Revolution. When the British gave the colonists certain stamp duties and put taxes on stamps.

Tea Act

1773 - 1774

Tea Act

1773 - 1774
The British put a tax on tea in the colonies. Lead to the Boston Tea Party.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783
War between the British/loyalists and the patriots. War was fighting against/for freedom. Major victory for the US. Made our country free.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777
Temporary state constitution that gave laws and structure to South Carolina. Written for South Carolina to govern themselves, but then came the Declaration of Independence.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

Declaration of Independence

  • 1777 Official government document that stated that the colonies were independent and no longer under British rule. This is why we celebrate 4th of July.

Articles Of Confederation

1777 - 1789

Articles Of Confederation

1777 - 1789
First constitution of the United States, replaces later by the current Constitution. Failed because gave too much power to the states and not the federal government.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781
Took place in South Carolina. Turning point for the war in the south.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781
Major victory for the British during the American Revolution. Took place in South Carolina.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782
Last major battle of the war in SC.

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782
Victory for the Patriots. Took place in South Carolina.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1788

Great Compromise

1787 - 1788
Separated congress into two branches, the House of Representatives and the Senate. Two members of the Senate for each state an the number of representatives for the House depends on the population.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788
Compromise made during the Constitutional Convention of 1787. Made various taxes and laws.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

Constitution

1787 - 1788
States all laws for our country and rights for our citizens. Government must strictly follow by the Constitution. Articles are laws and amendments are rights that keep adding on.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1865

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1865
Compromise between the Northern and Southern states that each slave would be counted as 3/5 of a person in the population.

Cotton Gin

1794 - 1856

Cotton Gin

1794 - 1856
Machine used to quickly and easily remove seeds from pieces of cotton. Invented by Eli Whitney

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808
United States restricted any cargo to ship out afraid of trade with Europe, hurt us because we weren’t making money on trade.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

War of 1812

1812 - 1815
Conflict between United States and Great Britain over land, no one gained any territory .

Nullification Controversy

1816 - 1828

Nullification Controversy

1816 - 1828
Crisis during Andrew Jackson’s presidency over tariffs. Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun disagreed over this.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891
General for the Union Army during the Civil War. Created the strategy of “Total War”.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823
Slave revolt planned in Charalston, SC by Denmark Vesey. He was a former slave and became an abolishonist. Slave revolt ended up failing.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870
A period in time where abolitionists worked to free slavery. This meant informing the public of the horror of slavery and starting slave revolts.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915
Was an enslaved African American who later became a famous politician. Representative for South Carolina in the House and convinced President Lincoln to allow African American soldiers in the union army.

Kansas- Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

Kansas- Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855
Created the territories Kansas and Nebraska to the United States in 1854.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858
Decision by the Supreme Court saying whether or not Scott was a U.S. citizen even though he was a free black. He lost and was not declared a citizen even though he was free and not a slave.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861
19th presidential election of the United States. Abraham Lincon was elected 16th president of the United States.

Cotton Trade

1861 - 1865

Cotton Trade

1861 - 1865
During the time of the Civil War, lots of cotton was growing in the south. Slaves started to produce it quickly and it was traded with countries all over the world.

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1862

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1862
Battleground in Charalston, SC. First battle was fought here during the Civil War and the first cannon shot signaled the beginning of the war.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Secessionist

1861 - 1865
A person or thing that left the Union and joined the CSA. Many of the southern states became secessionist during the Civil War.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Civil War

1861 - 1865
War between the northern and southern states in the US. Fought over many things such as slavery, land, etc. The two groups fighting were the Union and the Confederacy. In the end, the Union won and the confederacy rejoined the Union.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865
Government formed of southern states in the US. These states seceded from the union and created their own country. Were unhappy with the Union and how they were treating the south.

Port Royal

November 7, 1861

Port Royal

November 7, 1861
Located in Beaufort, SC. Battle was fought here during the beginning of the Civil War. Union captures Port Royal sound between Savannah, GA and Charalston, SC.

"Total War"

1864 - 1865

"Total War"

1864 - 1865
Strategy created by William T. Sherman. Sherman and his men marched from Atlanta, GA to Savannah, GA destroying everything in their path. This made the Confederate soldiers weak not want to fight.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 14, 1865

Lincoln's Assassination

April 14, 1865
Lincoln and his wife were watching a play in Ford’s Theater when John Booth came from behind and shot him in the back of the ear.