The French Revolution

Main

Calling the Estates General

May 1789 - June 1789

The Tennis Court Oath

June 1789

The Storming of the Bastille

July 1789

Great Fear

July 1789 - August 1789

Peasants across the french countryside burn manor houses and refuse to pay feudal dues.

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

August 1789

Night of August 4

August 4, 1789

Aristocrats give up feudal rights and special privileges

Women's march to Versailles

October 1789

The Civil Constitution of the Clergy

August 1790

Church officials are elected by state, church lands are confiscated, and priests are forced to take a oath of loyalty.

Constitution of 1791

1791

Establishes a constitutional monarchy and Active and Passive Citizens

The Legislative Assembly

1791 - 1792

Conservatives=right
Moderates=middle
Radicals=left
Jacobins, want a republic and overthrow monarchy
Girondists, want to involve france in a war that would discredit monarchy

The Second Revolution

1792

Paris Commune (local government) convinces legislative assembly to depose Louis XVI and elect a national convention

The National Convention

1792 - 1795

Replaces National Assembly

France declares war on Austria and Prussia

April 1792

September Massacures

September 1, 1792 - September 7, 1792

Paris Commune executes or murders in aristocrats, priests, and other in the city's jails

Execution of Louis XVI

January 21, 1793

King tried and convicted for treason. Although Girondists tried to spare his life, the Mountain won and Louis was beheaded.

The Reign of Terror

September 1793 - July 1794

National Convention create the Committee for Public Safety. Lead by Robispierre, executed thousands of "enemies of the state." Basically, anyone who got in this way. But when he finally accused his right hand man which was too much for everyone. He was executed.

Thermidorean Reaction

July 1794

Calming down of Paris after the execution of Robespierre

The Directory

1795 - 1799

Two house legislature and executive body of five men. Corrupt and unpopular

Napoleon and the Consulate

1799 - 1804

The Concordat of 1801

1801

Napoleon makes peace with the Catholic Church. Church is no longer persecuted and France gets to keep confiscated lands.

The Napoleonic Empire

1804 - October 1813

The Defeat of Austria, Prussia, and Russia

1805 - 1807

Napoleon took all three countries in a series of brilliant military victories

The Reorganization of Germany

1808

Napoleon dissolved the Holy Roman empire and unwittingly started a wave of nationalism

Invasion of Russia

June 1812 - December 1812

Napoleon's Defeat

October 1813

Grand alliance (Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria) defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Nations

Napoleon is exiled to island of Elba

March 1814

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - June 1815

Hundred Days

March 1815 - June 1815

Napoleon escapes Elba and returns to France. Re-assumes power and leads an army against the Great Alliance. Is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon is shipped to St. Helena's and lived there until he died.

French Revolution of 1830

July 1830

Fed up with King Charles X, the middle class and the power joined together to overthrow the king. Although the lower classes wanted a republic, the middle class wanted a constitutional monarchy and put Louis Philippe, the citizen king, on the throne

Revolution of 1848

February 1848

The bourgeois dominated France during the monarchy of Louis Philippe. Monarchy collapsed in February. After bloody conflict between the workers and the capitalist middle class, French voters overwhelming elected Louis Napoleon as president of the Second French Republic.

The Second Empire

1852 - 1870

Louis Napoleon strong armed the french into electing him to Emperor Napoleon III.