The Life of Clarissa Harlowe Barton


The Birth of Clara Barton


Clara was born in North Oxford, Massachusetts to Captain Stephen and Sarah Barton.

Clara Becomes a Teacher


Clara becomes a teacher in Massachusetts.

Clara Starts Her Own School


Clara taught school for 10 years and then decided to find a different job.

Clara Helps Civil War Soldiers


Clara helped Civil War Soldiers by giving them food and clothes. She was also a nurse who helped wounded soldiers on the battlefield.

Clara Creates a Cemetery


Clara creates a cemetery around the graves of soldiers from a war prison in Georgia.

Clara Learns About the Red Cross


Clara visits Europe and learns about the Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. This is how she gets the idea for starting the American Red Cross.

The American Red Cross is Created


She created the American Red Cross in 1881 and would be the leader of it for 23 years.

Worked at a Women's Prison

05/1883 - 12/1883

Clara was the superintendent at the Massachusetts Reformatory Prison for Women.

Clara Dies


Clara dies at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland. She was buried in Oxford, Massachusetts.