The Life of Clarissa Harlowe Barton

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The Birth of Clara Barton

12/25/1821

Clara was born in North Oxford, Massachusetts to Captain Stephen and Sarah Barton.

Clara Becomes a Teacher

1839

Clara becomes a teacher in Massachusetts.

Clara Starts Her Own School

1845

Clara taught school for 10 years and then decided to find a different job.

Clara Helps Civil War Soldiers

1861

Clara helped Civil War Soldiers by giving them food and clothes. She was also a nurse who helped wounded soldiers on the battlefield.

Clara Creates a Cemetery

1865

Clara creates a cemetery around the graves of soldiers from a war prison in Georgia.

Clara Learns About the Red Cross

1869

Clara visits Europe and learns about the Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. This is how she gets the idea for starting the American Red Cross.

The American Red Cross is Created

1881

She created the American Red Cross in 1881 and would be the leader of it for 23 years.

Worked at a Women's Prison

05/1883 - 12/1883

Clara was the superintendent at the Massachusetts Reformatory Prison for Women.

Clara Dies

04/12/1912

Clara dies at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland. She was buried in Oxford, Massachusetts.