Founding of the city

753 BCE
  • Romulus and Remus

Founding of the Republic

509 BCE
  • Rome now has a government with elected officials (senate), not a king
  • The distinct classes of patricians and plebeians begin
  • Our constitution today in America is modeled after/has many very similar characteristics with the government system in Rome

Punic Wars

264 BCE - 146 BCE
  • 3 wars
  • Rome vs. Carthage
  • Carthage is a major trading power located in North Africa. It has a very strong navy
  • During the 3rd war Carthage is totally destroyed
  • This all results in Rome turning into a large economic power

Roman Roads

200 BCE - 2013 CE
  • Transported military
  • Trade
  • Connections
  • Communication
  • Ideas spread
  • Empire grew

Republic Becomes Empire

100 BCE - 100 CE

Julius Caesar

45 BCE


27 BCE
  • Caesar's adopted son and nephew


20 CE

End of Western Roman Empire

  • Odovacer (Germanic general) kills the last Western Roman Emperor

Early Middle ages

500 CE - 1000 CE
  • Western Europe is Violent and Disorderly
  • Collapse of Western Rome and invasions destroy economy and society
  • Some what isolated from the rest of the world

Carolingian/Frank Kingdom/Empire

751 CE - 843 CE
  • The Franks (Germanic group) created an imperial state that organized much of the former western empire
  • Strong military leadership and support from the pope allowed the Franks to take over
  • Internal disunity and INVASION ended the empire

Reign of Charlemage

768 CE - 814 CE
  • High point of The Frank's rule
  • Intelligent!
  • EXPANDED the empire
  • Traveled throughout his territory to maintain authority in these lands
  • Put counts in charge of military, political and judicial affairs of local jurisdictions
  • Different imperial officials insured that the local authorities were doing their job

High Middle Ages

1000 CE - 1300 CE
  • A vibrant, powerful society that stemmed from political, economic, and cultural base of from the early middle ages, a lot of which was also related to the Christian church
  • Trade, cities, new towns, population growth
  • Regional states run by local rulers
  • Reconnected with the rest of the world