U.S. History

Main

Assasination of Archduke Ferdinand

1914

His wife was killed too.
Leads to World War I in Europe.
The U.S. remains neutral.

Lusitania was sunk

1915

German submarine sinks the Lusitania.
Around 1,200 people died. Including 128 American citizens.

Wounded Troopers

1916

Around one million soldiers are killed or wounded in the battle of Verdun.

President Wilson reelected

1916

President Wilson is reelected.
Avoiding the war helped him get reelected.

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Armistice ends the war

1918

The Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles

1919

The Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles.

U.S. signs peace Treaty

1921

The Great Depression

October 29, 1929 - 1941

The stock market crashed on Black Tuesday. People lost their stocks and money. The nation went poor. Many people lost jobs. Unemployment rate went up. Many relief programs were started to help people. In 1941 the Depression ended.

Dust Bowl

1930

A terrible drought hits the southern states. It contained dust storms. it destroyed many crops.

The Bonus Army

1932

Many jobless veterans marched in Washington to demand their bonus.

Agricultural Adjustment Act

1933

The AAA helped farmers grow crops again.

Relief Progams

1933

CCC, FERA, WPA, and NRA were created to help citizens get a job.

Hitler

1933

Hitler becomes chancellor of the German government.

Japan Attacks

1937

Japan attacks China. They start a war. Many soldiers died.

World War II

1937 - 1945

World War II begins with the Axis powers versus the Allied Powers.
The War ends in 1945.

Preventing Another Depression

1938

A third New Deal was created to prevent another great depression.
New law helped the Pure Food and Drug Act.

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Japanese planes attack Pearl Harbor. 2400 people died.

United States enters War

December 8, 1941

Battle of Midway

1942

U.S. ships sink 4 Japanese aircraft carriers and airplanes.

Battle of Alamein

1942

British fight off Germans making Germans surrender African lands.

Battle of Stanlingrad

1942 - 1943

Germans try to take Stalingrad and the Russians surrender it.

Invasion of Italy

1943

British and U.S. troops go to Sicily and fight Axis powers.

D-Day

1944

Allied soldiers go to Normandy to free France.

President FDR's Death

1945

FDR dies from the polio he was infected with.

Nuremberg Trials

1945 - 1946

Nazi leaders go to war crime trials along with Japanese leaders.

Arms Race

1950

NASA creates weapons and Gadgets to gain advantage over the Soviet's technology.

Cold War Era

1950 - 1961

Civil Rights Movement

1950 - 1964

African Americans and other people fought for equality and civil rights.

Korean War

1950

North Korea Invades South Korea. United States join South Korea to fight off North Korea.

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

U.S. troops and southern Vietnamese troops fight against North Vietnam's Communist powers.

Cold War Era

1961 - 1989

The Cold War lasted for many year because the fight of NATO and the Communism.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

United States are to stop any Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba.

Civil Rights Act

1964

Civil Rights Act was passed giving the people equality and rights.

Personal

Civil Rights Movement

Brown v.s. The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

1951 - May 17, 1954

It was a United States Supreme Court case in which the court decided state laws in creating separate schools for African Americans and whites was unconstitutional. This overturned the Plessy v.s. Ferguson decision that allowed segregation. Racial segregation was a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution. This was a big win for the Civil Rights Movement.

The Case of Emmett Till

1955 - 2007

Emmett Till was a 14 year old boy from Chicago. He is said to have flirted with Carolyn Bryant a white woman that worked at a store. This was in Mississippi. Roy Bryant Carolyn's husband and J. W. Milam then kidnapped Till, brutally beat him, shot him, and threw him into the Tallahatchie River. He was found and Roy and Milam went to court for this act. There was an all white jury at the trial. They are found not guilty. They later admit to the murder in a Look magazine. They later die of cancer. Sheriff Strider didn't believe the body was Till. In 2005 it was autopsied and it was Till.

Rosa Parks (Fighting for Integration on Buses)

December 1, 1955 - 1968

Rosa Parks was a African American Civil Rights Activist. She was tired after a day at work. It was December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama. She got on a seat in a bus and then a white passenger came into the bus telling Parks to give up her seat. She refused to give up her seat. She was then arrested for civil disobedience. Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. started to boycott buses. They would not go on buses at all. This also helped in the fight for Civil Rights.

Little Rock Nine (Integration in Schools)

1957

This took place in Little Rock, Arkansas. Little Rock Nine was a group of African American young adults that were to attend Little Rock Central High school. The were prevented from going at first. Troops had to go protect them so that they were not harmed. They ended up going to the school and graduating. They came to this school because their previous school didn't have the classes they needed to go to the college they wanted to go. The Little Rock Nine were Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, Jefferson Thomas, Terrence Roberts, Carlotta Walls LaNier, Minnijean Brown, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Thelma Mothershed, and Melba Pattillo Beals.

Greensboro Sit-Ins

1960

These were a series of sit- ins. It led to the Woolworth's department store. It was to fight the racial segregation in the south. At Woolworth's African American students Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr., and David Richmond performed a sit in until the store closed. The next day 20 African American students performed a sit in. White customers would show hatred toward the students. They read books and studied to keep busy. They were refused service at the store.

The Freedom Riders

1961

The Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode buses to the south were it was segregated. They challenged the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court. They were in mixed racial groups. They were beaten and arrested for violating the Jim Crow Laws. Congress of Racial Equality supported the rides. The Ride Left D.C. on May 4, 1961 and arrived at New Orleans on May 17, 1961.

Birmingham Alabama Church Bombing

September 15, 1963

The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama had been bombed. It killed four young African American girls. They were Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Denise McNair. This helped the civil rights movement by giving it a turning point. That church had been targeted for holding Civil Rights activities. The Ku Klux Klan had planted the bombs or dynamite. The Governor George Wallace was blamed for this act. The memebers of the KKK that planted the bomb were Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, Herman Frank Cash, and Robert Chambliss. They were later arrested.

Bloody Sunday (Selma to Montgomery)

1965

Bloody Sunday were marches from Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama. They were marches that protested. They were originally made for voting rights but it grew from their. There were three marches in total. The first was on March 7, 1965. The second was the following Tuesday. The third one was on March 16, 1965. Police would beat the people with their clubs and tear gas. It is known as the Voting Rights Trail.

Martin Luther King Jr.'s Assasination

April 4, 1968

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination was on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee. This occurred at the Lorraine Motel. He died at the age of 39. He was rushed to St. Joseph's Hospital and died at 7:05 PM in the evening. James Earl Ray was the one who assassinated Martin Luther King Jr. He was later caught in a airport in London. He was sentenced 99 years in prison. He died in prison on April 23, 1998. Dr. King's family thought the assassination was a government conspiracy.