His wife was killed too.
Leads to World War I in Europe.
The U.S. remains neutral.
German submarine sinks the Lusitania.
Around 1,200 people died. Including 128 American citizens.
Around one million soldiers are killed or wounded in the battle of Verdun.
President Wilson is reelected.
Avoiding the war helped him get reelected.
United States enters WWI.
Armistice ends the war on November 11, 1918.
The Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles.
United States signs a peace treaty with Germany.
The stock market crashed on Black Tuesday. People lost their stocks and money. The nation went poor. Many people lost jobs. Unemployment rate went up. Many relief programs were started to help people. In 1941 the Depression ended.
A terrible drought hits the southern states. It contained dust storms. it destroyed many crops.
Many jobless veterans marched in Washington to demand their bonus.
The AAA helped farmers grow crops again.
CCC, FERA, WPA, and NRA were created to help citizens get a job.
Hitler becomes chancellor of the German government.
Japan attacks China. They start a war. Many soldiers died.
World War II begins with the Axis powers versus the Allied Powers.
The War ends in 1945.
A third New Deal was created to prevent another great depression.
New law helped the Pure Food and Drug Act.
Japanese planes attack Pearl Harbor. 2400 people died.
U.S. ships sink 4 Japanese aircraft carriers and airplanes.
British fight off Germans making Germans surrender African lands.
Germans try to take Stalingrad and the Russians surrender it.
British and U.S. troops go to Sicily and fight Axis powers.
Allied soldiers go to Normandy to free France.
FDR dies from the polio he was infected with.
Nazi leaders go to war crime trials along with Japanese leaders.
NASA creates weapons and Gadgets to gain advantage over the Soviet's technology.
African Americans and other people fought for equality and civil rights.
North Korea Invades South Korea. United States join South Korea to fight off North Korea.
U.S. troops and southern Vietnamese troops fight against North Vietnam's Communist powers.
The Cold War lasted for many year because the fight of NATO and the Communism.
United States are to stop any Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba.
Civil Rights Act was passed giving the people equality and rights.
It was a United States Supreme Court case in which the court decided state laws in creating separate schools for African Americans and whites was unconstitutional. This overturned the Plessy v.s. Ferguson decision that allowed segregation. Racial segregation was a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution. This was a big win for the Civil Rights Movement.
Emmett Till was a 14 year old boy from Chicago. He is said to have flirted with Carolyn Bryant a white woman that worked at a store. This was in Mississippi. Roy Bryant Carolyn's husband and J. W. Milam then kidnapped Till, brutally beat him, shot him, and threw him into the Tallahatchie River. He was found and Roy and Milam went to court for this act. There was an all white jury at the trial. They are found not guilty. They later admit to the murder in a Look magazine. They later die of cancer. Sheriff Strider didn't believe the body was Till. In 2005 it was autopsied and it was Till.
Rosa Parks was a African American Civil Rights Activist. She was tired after a day at work. It was December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama. She got on a seat in a bus and then a white passenger came into the bus telling Parks to give up her seat. She refused to give up her seat. She was then arrested for civil disobedience. Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. started to boycott buses. They would not go on buses at all. This also helped in the fight for Civil Rights.
This took place in Little Rock, Arkansas. Little Rock Nine was a group of African American young adults that were to attend Little Rock Central High school. The were prevented from going at first. Troops had to go protect them so that they were not harmed. They ended up going to the school and graduating. They came to this school because their previous school didn't have the classes they needed to go to the college they wanted to go. The Little Rock Nine were Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, Jefferson Thomas, Terrence Roberts, Carlotta Walls LaNier, Minnijean Brown, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Thelma Mothershed, and Melba Pattillo Beals.
These were a series of sit- ins. It led to the Woolworth's department store. It was to fight the racial segregation in the south. At Woolworth's African American students Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr., and David Richmond performed a sit in until the store closed. The next day 20 African American students performed a sit in. White customers would show hatred toward the students. They read books and studied to keep busy. They were refused service at the store.
The Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode buses to the south were it was segregated. They challenged the non-enforcement of the United States Supreme Court. They were in mixed racial groups. They were beaten and arrested for violating the Jim Crow Laws. Congress of Racial Equality supported the rides. The Ride Left D.C. on May 4, 1961 and arrived at New Orleans on May 17, 1961.
The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama had been bombed. It killed four young African American girls. They were Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Denise McNair. This helped the civil rights movement by giving it a turning point. That church had been targeted for holding Civil Rights activities. The Ku Klux Klan had planted the bombs or dynamite. The Governor George Wallace was blamed for this act. The memebers of the KKK that planted the bomb were Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, Herman Frank Cash, and Robert Chambliss. They were later arrested.
Bloody Sunday were marches from Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama. They were marches that protested. They were originally made for voting rights but it grew from their. There were three marches in total. The first was on March 7, 1965. The second was the following Tuesday. The third one was on March 16, 1965. Police would beat the people with their clubs and tear gas. It is known as the Voting Rights Trail.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination was on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee. This occurred at the Lorraine Motel. He died at the age of 39. He was rushed to St. Joseph's Hospital and died at 7:05 PM in the evening. James Earl Ray was the one who assassinated Martin Luther King Jr. He was later caught in a airport in London. He was sentenced 99 years in prison. He died in prison on April 23, 1998. Dr. King's family thought the assassination was a government conspiracy.