Belarus became an independent country in 1991 after declaring itself free from the Soviet Union.
The Republic of Belarus was adopted as the official name of the state.
Alexander Lukashenko became the first President of the Republic of Belarus during the first presidential election in the independent republic. The head of state was inaugurated on 20 June 1994.
The Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus adopted their new Constitution with presidency introduced.
The first referendum in the history of independent Belarus and parliamentary elections were held. This referendum gave the Russian language an equal status with the Belarusian language, established a new nation flag and a new nation emblem, and provided economic integration with the Russian Federation.
Alexander Lukashenko, the president of Belarus, and Boris Yeltsin, the president of Russia, signed the Treaty n establishing the Community of Belarus and Russia
The 1st All-Belarusian People’s Congress was held in which the representatives from all over the country gathered to discuss the main tendencies of social and economic development in the country. It became a strong social institution afterward.
Another referendum was held in which amendments and addenda were introduced to the Constitution which created a bicameral parliament and expanded the powers of the President.
The treaty on the Union of Belarus and the Russian Federation was signed and is now celebrated as the Day of Unity of the Peoples of Belarus and Russia.
A treaty was signed which set up the Union State of Belarus and Russia and an action program to implement the agreement was adopted.
The Eurasian Economic Community was established when Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan signed a treaty.
The heads of state of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia signed documents to create the Customs Union.
The declaration on the Eurasian economic integration was adopted.
The Single Economic Space came into force when a treaty was signed by Belarus, Russia, and Kazakhstan.
The Belarusian satellite, designed to enable the remote sensing of the Earth, was launched into outer space from the Baikonur space launch site.