Belarus History



25 August 1991

Belarus became an independent country in 1991 after declaring itself free from the Soviet Union.

Name Adopted

19 September 1991

The Republic of Belarus was adopted as the official name of the state.

First Election


Alexander Lukashenko became the first President of the Republic of Belarus during the first presidential election in the independent republic. The head of state was inaugurated on 20 June 1994.

Constitution Adopted

15 March 1994

The Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus adopted their new Constitution with presidency introduced.

First Referendum

14 May 1995

The first referendum in the history of independent Belarus and parliamentary elections were held. This referendum gave the Russian language an equal status with the Belarusian language, established a new nation flag and a new nation emblem, and provided economic integration with the Russian Federation.

Treaty with Russia

2 April 1996

Alexander Lukashenko, the president of Belarus, and Boris Yeltsin, the president of Russia, signed the Treaty n establishing the Community of Belarus and Russia

First All-Belarusian People’s Congress

19 October 1996 - 20 October 1996

The 1st All-Belarusian People’s Congress was held in which the representatives from all over the country gathered to discuss the main tendencies of social and economic development in the country. It became a strong social institution afterward.

Bicameral Parliament

24 November 1996

Another referendum was held in which amendments and addenda were introduced to the Constitution which created a bicameral parliament and expanded the powers of the President.

Day of Unity of the Peoples of Belarus and Russia

April 2 1997

The treaty on the Union of Belarus and the Russian Federation was signed and is now celebrated as the Day of Unity of the Peoples of Belarus and Russia.

Union State of Belarus and Russia

8 December 1999

A treaty was signed which set up the Union State of Belarus and Russia and an action program to implement the agreement was adopted.

Eurasian Economic Community

10 October 2000

The Eurasian Economic Community was established when Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan signed a treaty.

Customs Union

27 November 2009

The heads of state of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia signed documents to create the Customs Union.

Eurasian Economic Integration

18 November 2011

The declaration on the Eurasian economic integration was adopted.

Single Economic Space

1 January 2012

The Single Economic Space came into force when a treaty was signed by Belarus, Russia, and Kazakhstan.

Belarusian Satellite Launch

22 July 2012

The Belarusian satellite, designed to enable the remote sensing of the Earth, was launched into outer space from the Baikonur space launch site.