Belarus became an independent country in 1991 after declaring itself free from the Soviet Union.
19 September 1991
The Republic of Belarus was adopted as the official name of the state.
Alexander Lukashenko became the first President of the Republic of Belarus during the first presidential election in the independent republic. The head of state was inaugurated on 20 June 1994.
15 March 1994
The Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus adopted their new Constitution with presidency introduced.
14 May 1995
The first referendum in the history of independent Belarus and parliamentary elections were held. This referendum gave the Russian language an equal status with the Belarusian language, established a new nation flag and a new nation emblem, and provided economic integration with the Russian Federation.
Treaty with Russia
2 April 1996
Alexander Lukashenko, the president of Belarus, and Boris Yeltsin, the president of Russia, signed the Treaty n establishing the Community of Belarus and Russia
First All-Belarusian People’s Congress
19 October 1996 - 20 October 1996
The 1st All-Belarusian People’s Congress was held in which the representatives from all over the country gathered to discuss the main tendencies of social and economic development in the country. It became a strong social institution afterward.
24 November 1996
Another referendum was held in which amendments and addenda were introduced to the Constitution which created a bicameral parliament and expanded the powers of the President.
Day of Unity of the Peoples of Belarus and Russia
April 2 1997
The treaty on the Union of Belarus and the Russian Federation was signed and is now celebrated as the Day of Unity of the Peoples of Belarus and Russia.
Union State of Belarus and Russia
8 December 1999
A treaty was signed which set up the Union State of Belarus and Russia and an action program to implement the agreement was adopted.
Eurasian Economic Community
10 October 2000
The Eurasian Economic Community was established when Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan signed a treaty.
27 November 2009
The heads of state of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia signed documents to create the Customs Union.
Eurasian Economic Integration
18 November 2011
The declaration on the Eurasian economic integration was adopted.
Single Economic Space
1 January 2012
The Single Economic Space came into force when a treaty was signed by Belarus, Russia, and Kazakhstan.
Belarusian Satellite Launch
22 July 2012
The Belarusian satellite, designed to enable the remote sensing of the Earth, was launched into outer space from the Baikonur space launch site.