Persecution of Jews 1933 to 1939

Main

Business Boycott

04/01/1933

Nazis stage boycott of Jewish shops and businesses.

Jews not allowed national health insurance

05/17/1934

Jews not allowed national health insurance

Nuremberg Race Laws

09/15/1935

Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews decreed

Wealth and property register

04/26/1938

Nazis order Jews to register wealth and property

Identity Cards

07/23/1938

Nazis order Jews over age 15 to apply for identity cards from the police, to be shown on demand to any police officer.

Jewish doctors prohibited

07/25/1938

Jewish doctors prohibited by law from practicing medicine.

Jewish lawyers prohibited

09/27/1938

Jews are prohibited from all legal practices.

Kristallnacht

9 November 1938

Also known as the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom (a series of coordinated attacks) against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria carried out by the SA and civilians between the 9th to 10th November 1938.

Jewish pupils expelled from schools

Nov 15, 1938

Jewish pupils are expelled from all non-Jewish German schools.

Jews relocated

April 30, 1939

Jews lose rights as tenants and are relocated into Jewish houses.

Jewish curfew introduced

Sept 1, 1939

Jews in Germany are forbidden to be outdoors after 8 p.m. in winter and 9 p.m. in summer.

Heydrich issues ghettos

Sept 21, 1939

Heydrich issues instructions to SS Einsatzgruppen (special action squads) in Poland regarding treatment of Jews, stating they are to be gathered into ghettos near railroads for the future "final goal." He also orders a census and the establishment of Jewish administrative councils within the ghettos to implement Nazi policies and decrees.

Forced labour

Oct 26, 1939

Forced labor decree issued for Polish Jews aged 14 to 60.

Yellow Stars

Nov 23, 1939

Yellow stars required to be worn by Polish Jews over age 10.