U.S HISTORY

U.S HISTORY

assassination of archduke ferdinand

1914

leads to world war 1
the u.s remains neutral
his wife was killed too
WW1 starts in Europe

sinking of the lusitania

1915

nearly 1200 people died
Lusitania got sunk by a u-boat
128 passengers were americans
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battle of verdun

1916 - 1917

president Wilson reelection

1916

important events of before the 1st year of cold war

1945

Defeat of Germany and Japan
February 4-11: Yalta Conference meeting of FDR, Churchill, Stalin - the 'Big Three'
Soviet Union has control of Eastern Europe. The Cold War Begins

May 8: VE Day - Victory in Europe. Germany surrenders to the Red Army in Berlin

July: Potsdam Conference - Germany was officially partitioned into four zones of occupation.

August 6: The United States drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima (20 kiloton bomb 'Little Boy' kills 80,000)

August 8: Russia declares war on Japan

August 9: The United States drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki (22 kiloton 'Fat Man' kills 70,000)

August 14 : Japanese surrender End of World War II

August 15: Emperor surrender broadcast - VJ Day

the cold war begins

1945

the cold war started from a mistrust of the soviet union. they also wanted communism to take over all the world. the cold war wasnt necessarily a war but a war of who had better technology,power, and army

Truman term

1945 - 1953

harry s Truman becomes president\

2nd year of cold war

1946

February 9: Stalin hostile speech - communism & capitalism were incompatible
March 5 : "Sinews of Peace" Iron Curtain Speech by Winston Churchill - "an "iron curtain" has descended on Europe"

March 10 - Truman demands Russia leave Iran

July 1: Operation Crossroads with Test Able was the first public demonstration of America's atomic arsenal

July 25: America's Test Baker - underwater explosion
Containment

3rd year of cold war

1947

Containment
March 12 : Truman Doctrine - Truman declares active role in Greek Civil War

June : Marshall Plan is announced setting a precedent for helping countries combat poverty, disease and malnutrition

September 2 - Rio Pact - U.S. meet 19 Latin American countries and created a security zone around the hemisphere
Cointament

4th year of cold war

1948

February 25 : Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia

March 2: Truman's Loyalty Program created to catch Cold War spies

March 17: Brussels Pact organized to protect Europe from communism

June 24 : Berlin Blockade begins lasting 11 months

crisis over berlin

1948

The USA and USSR help aid western Berlin by carrying supplies on planes for almost a year.
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5th year of cold war

1949

April 4 : NATO ratified

May 12 : Berlin Blockade ends

29 August : Russia tested its first atomic bomb

October 1 : Communist Mao Zedong takes control of China and establishes the People's Republic of China

December 1 - Chiang Kai-shek moved to Formosa and created Nationalist government

6th year of cold war

1950

January 30 - Truman approved H-bomb development
February : Joe McCarthy begins Communist witch hunt and loyalty tests

June 24: Korean War begins. Stalin supports North Korea who invade South Korea equipped with Soviet weapons

7th year of cold war

1951

January 12 : Federal Civil Defense Administration established
April 11 - Truman fires MacArthur

8th year of cold war

1952

A-bomb is developed by Britain

Dwight d. Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

dwight d. eisenhower becomes president

9th year of cold war

1953

March 17-June 4 Nuclear Arms Race atomic test series of 11 explosions at Nevada Test Site
April 15: RAND report on the "Vulnerability of U. S. Strategic Air Power"

July : Korean War ends

December 8: Ike's Atoms for Peace speech

10th year of cold war

1954

March 1: H-bomb Castle-Bravo test
March : KGB established

CIA helps overthrow unfriendly regimes in Iran and Guatemala

July : Vietnam split at 17th parallel

11th year of cold war

1955

May : Warsaw Pact formed

12th year of cold war

1956

1956 June 29: USSR sent tanks into Poznan, Poland, to suppress demonstrations by workers
September 4: USSR sent military aid to Afghanistan

October - November : Rebellion put down in Communist Hungary.

October 29: Suez Crisis began with Israeli attack led by Moshe Dayan against Egyptian forces in the Sinai

Egypt took control of Suez Canal

13, 14, 15 year of cold war

1957 - 1959

1957 August 26: Vostok rocket launched 1st ICBM
October 4 : Sputnik launched into orbit

November 3: Sputnik II launched - Laika died in space

1958 January 31: Explorer I launched
July : NASA began Mercury project using Atlas rocket

November : Khrushchev demands withdrawal of troops from Berlin

1959 January : Cuba taken over by Fidel Castro

September : Khrushchev visits United States; The Kitchen Debate

16th year of cold war

1960

1960 A-bombs developed by France
May : Soviet Union reveals that U.S. spy plane was shot down over Soviet territory

November : John F. Kennedy elected President of USA

December 19: Cuba openly aligns itself with the Soviet Union and their policies.

17, 18, 19, 20 21 year of cold war

1961 - 1965

1961 April : Bay of Pigs invasion see Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline

August 13 : Berlin border is closed

August 17 : Construction of Berlin Wall begins

1962 U.S. involvement in Vietnam increases see Vietnam War Timeline
October : Cuban Missile Crisis see Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline

1963 1963: July : Nuclear Test Ban Treaty ratified

1963: November : President Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas

1964 August : Gulf of Tonkin incident - see Vietnam War Timeline
October: A-bombs developed by China

1965 April : U.S. Marines sent to Dominican Republic to fight Communism

July : Announcement of dispatching of 200,000 U.S. troops to Vietnam

president kennedy

1961 - 1963

president Kennedy is elected

frienship 7 launches

1962

friendship 7, with astronauts blast off to orbit around earth

22-28th year of cold war

1966 - 1972

1966 B-52s Bomb North Vietnam
1967 The US Secretary of Defence Robert McNamara admits that the US bombing raids had failed to meet their objectives

1968 January : North Korea captured U.S.S. Pueblo
President Johnson does not run for the presidency and Richard Nixon Elected President of the USA

August : Soviet Red Army crush Czechoslovakian revolt

1969 July 20 : Apollo 11 lands on the moon
1970 April : President Nixon extends Vietnam War to Cambodia
1971 Publication of the Pentagon Papers
1972 February: President Richard Nixon visits China
July : SALT I signed

29-32nd year of cold war

1973 - 1976

1973 January : Cease fire in Vietnam between North Vietnam and United States

September : U.S. supported coup overthrows Chilean government

October : Egypt and Syria attack Israel; Egypt requests Soviet aid

1974 1974: August : President Nixon resigns
1975 April 17 : North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam which falls to Communist forces
1976 February: Soviet and Cuban forces help to install C

33-36th year of cold war

1977 - 1980

1979 January: U.S. and China establish diplomatic relations.
July : SALT II signed

November : Shah of Iran overthrown; Iranian Hostage Crisis

December: Soviet forces invade Afghanistan

1980 August: Polish shipyard workers strike Solidarity Union formed. Strike leader Lech Walesa is elected as the head of Solidarity

37th-43rd year of cold war

1983 - 1987

1983 President Reagan proposes Strategic Defence Initiative

1983: October : U.S. troops invades and overthrows regime in Grenada

1985 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet Union initiating a campaign of openness called "glasnost" and restructuring called "perestroika"

1986 October : President Reagan and Gorbachev resolve to remove all intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe

1987 October : Reagan and Gorbachev agree to remove all medium and short-range nuclear missiles

end of cold war

1988 - 1991

1989 January : Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan

June : Poland becomes independent

September : Hungary becomes independent

November : Berlin Wall is demolished and East Germany allows unrestricted migration to West Germany

December : Communist governments fall in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Rumania
Decline of the Soviet empire

1990 March : Lithuania becomes independent

May 29 : Boris Yeltsin elected as President of Russia

October 3 : Germany reunited

1991 August : End of Soviet Union and the Cold War Ends

personal

when i was born

1998

world events

independence from the U.S

1946

The Philippines gain their independence from the united states

Korean war

1950

the koean war starts

castro rules

1959

fidel castro comes to power in cuba