The Chinese made arrows with rockets to propel them
Roger bacon wrote about gun powder, "We can, with saltpeter and other substances, compose artificially a fire"
Rockets go to War
For centuries to come, rockets competed with cannons as the weapon of choice for war.
1501 - 1600
Wan Hu Shot himself into space by sitting on a chair with rockets attached. He undoubtedly died in the attempt, but every one thought that he was "The Man on the Moon"
1564 - 1642
He proved that an object in motion does not need the continuous application of force to keep moving.
1600 - 1651
He published a design for multistage rockets that was to become a fundamental rocket technology for rockets heading for outer space
Newton’s Laws of Motion
1642 - 1727
English scientist Sir Isaac Newton condensed all rocket science into three elegant scientific laws.
Colonel William Congreve
1772 - 1828
William Congreve took charge of British military rocket companies
1828 - 1905
The dream of traveling through space was brought to life by French science fiction writer Jules Verne.
Konstantin E. Tsiolkovski
1857 - 1935
Tsiolkovski advocated liquid propellant rocket engines, orbital space stations, solar energy, and colonization of the Solar System.
1894 - 1989
The Book Die Rakete zu den Planetanraumen (By Rocket to Space) explained the mathematics of spaceflight
1912 - 1991
He created Star Trek witch promoted space travel
Dr. Wernher von Braun
1912 - 1977
One of the leading figures in the development of pre-war Germany’s rocket program and the development of the V2 missile
Rocket Experimeters, Early Twentieth Century
1920 - 1930
Amateur Rocketeers and Scientists attempted to use rockets for airplanes racing cars, boats, bicycles with wings, etc.
Robert H. Goddard
American college professor and scientist Robert Goddard built and flew the world’s first liquid propellant rocket on March 16, 1926.
Vergeltungswaffe* 2 - V2
In the late 1930, the German Verein Fur Raumschiffart Society for space travel evolved into the team that built and flew the most advanced rocket for the time, the V2
1939 - 1945
Rockets graduated from novelties and dream flying machines to sophisticated weapons of destruction.
May 13, 1948
During six flights the larges two stage rocket launched to date in the United States reached an altitude of almost 400 kilometers
It was adapted to carry John Glenn and three other Mercury astronauts to space and has since been used for many commercial, scientific, and military satellite launches and interplanetary missions
The Worlds First Artificial Satellite
October 4, 1957
Sputnik II reached space with a living passenger. Lakia, A small dog orbited earth for a few hours. She led the way for all humans that followed
January 31, 1958
The Satellite was launched atop the Juno 1, a modified Jupiter c booster.
1959 - 1968
In 199 flights, the air-launched rocket plane broke many flight records
1959 - 2005
Upgraded versions of Titans lofted heavy satellites into Earth orbit and propelled important spacecraft to other planets
the American Delta rocket is one of the most versatile of the commercial and military payload launch rockets
1961 - 2013
The Canadian– designed Black Brant sounding rocket has been flying since 1961 and has successfully completed over 800 flights carrying small payloads such as cameras, instruments, and microgravity experiments
Yuri Gagarin Goes Into Orbit
April 12, 1961
Space became the domain of humans with the launch of cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.
May 5, 1961
American astronaut Alan Shepherd, Jr., lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, inside his Freedom 7 Mercury space capsule
may 8, 1961
Just days after Alan Shepard’s flight, President John F. Kennedy addressed a joint session of Congress and challenged America to send an American to the Moon and return him safely before the end of the decade.
Glenn Orbits Earth
The Atlas, astronaut John H. Glenn, Jr., became the first American to go into orbit
Preparing for the Moon
Project Gemini followed the Mercury missions. The Gemini space capsule, riding on top of a Titan missile, contained two astronauts
“One Small Step...”
July 20, 1969
10:56 p.m. EDT, July 20, 1969: American astronaut Neil Armstrong set foot on the Moon
Using a modified third stage of the Saturn V rocket, the United States finally launched its first space station, called Skylab, into Earth orbit in 1973
The Saturn V rocket was capable of launching 117,900 kilograms (260,000 pounds) into low Earth orbit and 40,800 kilograms (90,000 pounds) to the Moon.
1981 - 2011
The space shuttle was a new concept for carrying crews and payloads into low Earth orbit.
1990 - 2011
Like the mythological creature, the Pegasus launch vehicle is winged. Lifted to about 12,000 meters it is then air-launched from under the wing of a carrier aircraft.
October 4, 2004
SpaceShipOne became the first private space vehicle to climb above an altitude of 100 kilometers (62 miles) twice in a fourteen-day period
The Dragon and the Falcon
The Dragon is the first orbital spacecraft launched and recovered by a private company
Sierra Nevada Corporation is working with NASA to develop a commercial spacecraft for transporting crew and cargo to and from the ISS.
The Space Launch System
2017 - 2021
A new and different kind of rocket is needed as NASA prepares to extend its mission beyond low-Earth orbit and out into the solar system. The Space Launch System (SLS) will be used for Earth orbital flights and long-range missions to places like asteroids or Mars and its moons