Around this time, the capital is moved from Zhengzhou to Yinxu.
Oracle bone script, providing the first evidence for the Chinese calendar system.(1250 bc)
Around this time, the militant consort Fu Hao is buried in her tomb at Yinxu.(1250 bc)
The Zhou Dynasty is founded on the periphery of the Shang realm(1122 bc)
Ji Chang (posthumously known as King Wen of Zhou) dies, making this the alleged latest date for the creation of the mathematical King Wen sequence.
(1047 BC) King Zhou takes Daji as his concubine.
(1046 BC) Battle of Muye; King Zhou allegedly dies while his palace burns to the ground.
During the 12th year of King Mu's reign, Zhou forces attacked and defeated some branches of the Rong people, allowing for territorial expansion of Zhou. King Mu's critics, including the Duke of Zhai , stated that Mu's expeditions to displace the Rong people were unjustified, as they kept to their own lands and hence abided by their station in the cosmological-political order with China at the center.
When the nomadic Rong people of Taiyuan staged an attack on the Zhou capital at Haojing (present-day Xi'an), King Yi called upon the aid of his nobles, a significant event which demarcated the beginning of the Zhou monarchs' dependence on their regional nobles to defend the kingdom. Under the command of Guo Gong, the Zhou were able to defeat the Rong people in a significant battle c. 854 BCE, reportedly capturing about a thousand horses.
During Li's reign, the Western Rong people launched an invasion deep into Chinese territory before being pushed out.
First year of concise, consecutive court dating at the beginning of the regency of Gonghe.
After King You had replaced Queen Shen with a favored concubine Baosi, the queen's father, the Marquis of Shen, allied with the Quanrong nomadic tribe to sack the capital. Queen Shen's son Ji Yijiu was then put on the throne, initiating the Eastern Zhou era.
722 bc: Spring and Autumn Period begins, the Lu state begins the chronicle of the Spring and Autumn Annals.
Capital moved from Haojing (present-day Xi'an) to Luoyang.
707 bc: King Huan led a campaign against Duke Zhuang of Zheng after the latter refused to appear in the capital, angered that Huan had dismissed him from his old post as Left Advisor at court. King Huan was allegedly shamed when he was injured in the shoulder by an arrow in an ensuing battle. Duke Zhuang continued to rule the Zheng state until his death in 701 BC.
685 bc: Duke Huan of Qi began his reign over the Qi state in this year, and was the first of the Five Hegemons who assumed great autonomy from the Zhou Dynasty monarch, the latter of whom became more or less a figurehead during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
King Huan led a campaign against Duke Zhuang of Zheng after the latter refused to appear in the capital, angered that Huan had dismissed him from his old post as Left Advisor at court. King Huan was allegedly shamed when he was injured in the shoulder by an arrow in an ensuing battle. Duke Zhuang continued to rule the Zheng state until his death in 701 BC.
Death of Guan Zhong, the chancellor of the Qi state who was appointed by Duke Huan as recommended by Bao Shuya. Guan initiated centralizing administrative and economic reforms that, for a time, made Qi the most successful and developed state in ancient China.
632 bc: Battle of Chengpu
Sunshu Ao, China's first known hydraulic engineer.
595 BC Battle of Bi