歷史上的中國 (History of China)

歷史上的中國 (History of China)

Shang dynasty

1675 bc - 1034 bc

Western Zhou Dynasty

1034 bc - 771 bc

Eastern Zhou Dynasty

770 bc - 246 bc

Qin Dynasty

246 bc - 206 bc

Western Han Dynasty

206 bc - 9 ad

Eastern Han Dynasty

23 ad - 220 ad

Xin Dynasty

9 - 23

events

King Tang of Shang

1675 bc - 1674 bc

King Pan Geng

1398 bc - 1397 bc

Around this time, the capital is moved from Zhengzhou to Yinxu.

King Wu Ding

1250 bc - 1122 bc

Oracle bone script, providing the first evidence for the Chinese calendar system.(1250 bc)
Around this time, the militant consort Fu Hao is buried in her tomb at Yinxu.(1250 bc)
The Zhou Dynasty is founded on the periphery of the Shang realm(1122 bc)

King Zhou

1050 bc - 1046 bc

Ji Chang (posthumously known as King Wen of Zhou) dies, making this the alleged latest date for the creation of the mathematical King Wen sequence.

(1047 BC) King Zhou takes Daji as his concubine.

(1046 BC) Battle of Muye; King Zhou allegedly dies while his palace burns to the ground.

King Cheng

1042 bc - 1027 bc

invention of gunpowder

1040 bc

King Kang

1020 bc - 1000 bc

King Mu

976 bc - 922 bc

During the 12th year of King Mu's reign, Zhou forces attacked and defeated some branches of the Rong people, allowing for territorial expansion of Zhou. King Mu's critics, including the Duke of Zhai , stated that Mu's expeditions to displace the Rong people were unjustified, as they kept to their own lands and hence abided by their station in the cosmological-political order with China at the center.

King Gong

922 bc - 899 bc

King yi

899 bc - 891 bc

king xiao

891 bc - 885 bc

king yi

885 bc - 877 bc

When the nomadic Rong people of Taiyuan staged an attack on the Zhou capital at Haojing (present-day Xi'an), King Yi called upon the aid of his nobles, a significant event which demarcated the beginning of the Zhou monarchs' dependence on their regional nobles to defend the kingdom. Under the command of Guo Gong, the Zhou were able to defeat the Rong people in a significant battle c. 854 BCE, reportedly capturing about a thousand horses.

king li

877 bc - 841 bc

During Li's reign, the Western Rong people launched an invasion deep into Chinese territory before being pushed out.

Gonghe regency

841 BC - 827 BC

First year of concise, consecutive court dating at the beginning of the regency of Gonghe.

King Xuan

781 BC - 771 BC

King You

771 bc - 770 bc

After King You had replaced Queen Shen with a favored concubine Baosi, the queen's father, the Marquis of Shen, allied with the Quanrong nomadic tribe to sack the capital. Queen Shen's son Ji Yijiu was then put on the throne, initiating the Eastern Zhou era.

king ping

770 BC - 720 bc

722 bc: Spring and Autumn Period begins, the Lu state begins the chronicle of the Spring and Autumn Annals.
Capital moved from Haojing (present-day Xi'an) to Luoyang.

King Huan

720 bc - 697 bc

707 bc: King Huan led a campaign against Duke Zhuang of Zheng after the latter refused to appear in the capital, angered that Huan had dismissed him from his old post as Left Advisor at court. King Huan was allegedly shamed when he was injured in the shoulder by an arrow in an ensuing battle. Duke Zhuang continued to rule the Zheng state until his death in 701 BC.

King Zhuang

697 bc - 682 bc

685 bc: Duke Huan of Qi began his reign over the Qi state in this year, and was the first of the Five Hegemons who assumed great autonomy from the Zhou Dynasty monarch, the latter of whom became more or less a figurehead during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.

King Huan

697 bc - 685 bc

King Huan led a campaign against Duke Zhuang of Zheng after the latter refused to appear in the capital, angered that Huan had dismissed him from his old post as Left Advisor at court. King Huan was allegedly shamed when he was injured in the shoulder by an arrow in an ensuing battle. Duke Zhuang continued to rule the Zheng state until his death in 701 BC.

King Xi

682 bc - 677 bc

invention of the crossbow

678 bc

King Hui

677 bc - 651 bc

King Xiang

651 bc - 618 bc

Death of Guan Zhong, the chancellor of the Qi state who was appointed by Duke Huan as recommended by Bao Shuya. Guan initiated centralizing administrative and economic reforms that, for a time, made Qi the most successful and developed state in ancient China.
632 bc: Battle of Chengpu

king qing

618 bc - 612 bc

King Kuang

612 bc - 606 bc

King Ding

606 bc - 585 bc

Sunshu Ao, China's first known hydraulic engineer.
595 BC Battle of Bi

invention of chopsticks

400 bc

christ is born

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