South and East Asia


Warring States Period

475 BCE - 221 BCE

A period of conflict in China, in which all the individual city states waged war on one another. This event lead to the manifestation of three important historical philosophies; Confucianism, Daoism and Legalism.

Mauryan Empire

324 BCE - 184 BCE

The first empire to rise out of India, formed by the foundations of the Maghada Kingdom by Chandragupta Maurya. His empire was significant in that it had a strong administrative system that was funded by annual tax collections of 15%, as well as through its expansive trade routes.

Gupta Empire

320 BCE - 550 CE

The Gupta Empire shared many similarities with its predecessor; the Mauryan Empire. Its central administrative system though was more effective, and therefore the empire was more successful than so. From The Guptas comes our knowledge of women-men relations, advancements in the arts, mathematics; place value and the concept of "0. "

The Kalinga War

262 BCE - 261 BCE

A War lead by Ashoka the Great, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya and third emperor of the Maruyan Empire. This war, one of the bloodiest known to man, led to the adoption of Buddhism to the Empire.

Qin Dynasty

221 BCE - 206 BCE

It was the first imperial dynasty of China (which was finally unified) under the rule of Shi Huang Di. It was during this period of time that legalism went through various reforms, The Great Wall of China was erected and one of the first recorded book burning in history.

Construction of Great Wall

220 BCE - 206 BCE

The Great Wall was originally interpreted as playing a defensive role, while in reality it was meant on the offensive as China was consuming territory and using the wall as a form of defense against territory quarrels. The Wall was innovative in both its purpose and architecture, which still serves as a tourist attraction today.

Xiongnu Confederacy

209 BCE - 87 BCE

A confederation of Pastoral Nomads from the North, who lived on the outskirts of Chinese kingdoms and would from time to time perform petty raids. This union led to the decline of the Qin Empire, through wasted years of conflict and resource extraction.

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - 220 AD

Was the second Imperial Dynasty of China, preceded by that of the Qin. Founded by rebel leader Liu Bang, who came from a modest background. The Han Dynasty was a significant as it was a time of economic prosperity, as well as succeeded in conquering of the Xiongnu confederacy.

Life of Sima Qian

145 BC - 86 BC

A famous Chinese Historian, he was, during the time of the Han dynasty responsible for much of the intellectual recounts. He served as a fundamental record of Chinese History.

Life of Emperor Wu

141 BCE - 87 BCE

Emperor Wu was the seventh emperor of the Han Dynasty in China. From his significant rule, China experienced territorial expansion, governmental re-organization, centralized state, and promotion of Confucius doctrines.