Napoleon/1815 Timeline

Chapter 19

Main

Birth of Napoleon Bonaparte

1769

Napoleon was born on the island of Corsica in the Mediterranean under French control. Corsica is where Napoleon joined the army.
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/destinationRedirector?openMap=true&ethylCobjId=66943

Second Coalition

August 1, 1797

With the lead of Lord Horatio Nelson from Britain and the help of Russia, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire, the French fleet was defeated at Akubir.

Coup d'etat

September 4, 1797

The Directory used the help of Napoleon to put their own supporters into the legislative seats and kicked out their opponents.

Treaty of Campo Formio

October 1797

This treaty was written after the French invasion into Italy to deprive Austria of their territory in Northern Italy, Lombardy. The treaty took Austria out of the war and crowned the invasion a victory for Napoleon.

Capturing of Egypt

November 1797

Napoleon captures Egypt in order to disrupt the English trade route from India through Egypt to Great Britain.

Constitution of the Year III

December 1799

Concordat with the Roman Catholic Church

1801

This concordat required refractory clergy to resign, all parts of the clergy became a part of the state, and for the church to have all of its property.

First Consul for Life

1802

In 1802 in a full plebiscite Napoleon was elected First Consul for life therefore establishing a dynasty.

Organic Articles of 1802

1802

The French Goverenment established supremacy of the state over the Church without consulting the pope.

Napoleonic Code/ Civil Code

1804

In this code worker's associations were forbidden, father's were granted extensive control over their children and wives, divorce was legal but difficult for women, privileges based on birth were still forbidden, the code unified all laws across France.
http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=qvEoYn0uZJSaKM&tbnid=hPQv-R341WVikM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.glogster.com%2Fold%2Fview%3Fnickname%3Dmelschildkraut%26title%3Dnapoleon-bonaparte%2F&ei=rOIFUYjiEKGNyAGt34D4Cw&psig=AFQjCNFc1f_yWObgviY4fjByHsGoNZiAcQ&ust=1359426604552043

Battle of Trafalgar

1805

Battle of Austerlitz and the Treaty of Pressburg

December 2, 1805

Napoleon defeated the forces of Austria and Russia at Austerlitz, this was Napoleon's greatest victory. The Treaty of Pressburg gave all Austrian Italian holdings to France and recognized Napoleon as King of Italy.
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Treaty of Tilsit

1807

This treaty included Prussia loosing half of its territory and Napleon appointed members of his family to govern his empire. Russia and Prussia become allies of France.

Invasion of Russia

1812

When Napoleon invaded Russia he took 600,00 men with him. The Russians won the battle by using the "Scorched Earth" method and leaving the Grand Army with no food. Napoleon left Russia with 100,000 men.

Quadruple Alliance

1814

The Quadruple Alliance was an alliance between Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Great Britain to maintain peace throughout Europe and keep an absolute power from ruling over everyone else.

Treaty of Chaumont

March 9, 1814

This treaty called for the Bourbon restoration to the French Throne.

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - November 1815

The Congress of Vienna was with the four major powers and was run by Metternich the foreign minister of Austria. At the Congress they created a balance of power in Europe, created the German Confederation, and got rid of Poland.
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Hundred Days

March 1, 1815 - June 1815

The Hundred Days was the period when Napoleon escaped from Elba and tried to reestablish his control but was stopped.

Batlle of Waterloo

June 18, 1815

The forces of Britain and Prussia defeated Napoleon for the last time at this battle. Napoleon was captured again and exlied for the last time to St. Helena off the coast of Africa.

Death of Napoleon

1821

Napoleon died on the island of St. Helena, the island he was exiled to.

Romanticism

Emile

1762

Emile was written by Rousseu in which he stressed the difference between children and adults and distinguished the stages of human maturation.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

1770 - 1831

Hegel was the most important philosopher of history in the Romantic period. Hegel came up with an evolutionary concept dealing with conflict. He termed the words, thesis, antithesis, and synthesis that helped discover and explain things.
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Caspar David Friedrich

1774 - 1840

Caspar was one of the most famous Romantic artists during this period and included the use of nature in a majority of his paintings.
http://www.intofineart.com/htmlimg/image-30680.html

Critique of Pure Reason

1781

This was one of Kant's greatest philosophical works in the 18th century.

Critique of Pratical Reason

1788

Where Kant sought to accept the rationalism of the Enlightenment and to still preserve a belief in human freedom, immortality, and the existence of God.