AP Euro Timeline- Chapter 19

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Invasion of Egypt

1797

Napoleon invades Ottoman Empire (Egypt) in hopes to cripple British trade. Was a failed invasion.

Constitution of Year VIII

1799

Napoleon then becomes the First Consul of France: Napoleon. This ended the revolution in France.

Concordat of 1801

1801

Required refractory clergy and those who had accepted the revolution to resign. Declared that, "Catholicism is the religion of the great majority of French citizens." Church was officially under the power of the government. Religious freedom resulted.

Treaty of Amiens

1802

Brought peace to Europe. (General amnesty, men employed from all political factions, highly centralized administration, secret police, and codified a law that spread everywhere)

Napoleonic Code

1804

A code that safeguarded all forms of property and tried to secure French society against internal challenges. This code also unified law across France.

Emperor of France

1804

After a bomb attack, Napoleon instituted a constitution that made him the first emperor of France. Crowned himself while Pope Pius VI watched.

Maurice de Talleyard-Perigord

1804

After attack of Jacobins, Talleyard told Napoleon it was a crime because it provoked foreign opposition.

Battle of Trafalgar

1805

Result of William Pitt the Younger forming a third coalition (Austria, England, and Russia) against Napoleon's attempts at attacking Britain over seas. War resulted in official domination over the seas for Britain.

Treaty of Pressburg

1805

Napoleon controlled everything north of Rome.

Treaty of Tilsit

1807

Tsar Alexander and Napoleon signed upon a raft to an agreement of Napoleon gaining half of Prussia's territory. (Prussia supported France openly, and Russia supported France secretly)

Continental System

1807

A system that was meant to cut off British trade, but failed and resulted in economic warfare. Napoleon cut off countries from trading with Britain but a black market was created and they traded with Britain anyway.

Revolt in Madrid

1808

People of Madrid wanted to kick Napoleon's brother off the throne.

Battle of Nations

1812

Where Napoleon was defeated by Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Britain. Napoleon got exiled to Elba.

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - November 1815

Main goals were to prevent another Napoleon from rising, and to keep the peace throughout Europe. Created "buffer" states (Netherlands, Kingdom of Sardinia, German Confederation States, Spain, Poland). Dissolved the Holy Roman Empire.

Hundred Days

1815

The time period of Napoleon's return back to power after his exile to Elba.

Battle of Waterloo

June 18, 1815

Napoleons official defeat at Waterloo by Wellington. He was then exiled to Saint Helena.

Quadruple Alliance

November 20, 1815

Result of failed Holy Alliance. The alliance of Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Britain. Their goals were to stop the destruction and keep a balance of power. Achieved a framework.

Romanticic Movement

Johann Gotfried Herder

1744

Associated Romantics with Gothic literature.

Jean-Jacques Rosseau

1762

Believed the individual developed good and happy lives un corrupted by society in his novel, Emile. Also believed children and adults should have a distinct difference. Kids should naturally grow.

Immanuel Kant

1781

Two greatest works: "The Critique of Pure Reason" and "The Critique of Practical Reason". Wanted to preserve freedom. Believes people perceive world through own mental categories. Categorial Imperative: inner command to act in a situation as anybody else would.

Methodism

1791

Leader was John Wesley. Wanted a possibility of Christian perfection in life. Religious tolerance?

Sturm and Drang Movement

1800

Literally translated as storm and stress. It rejected the influence of French rationalism throughout German literature.

Romanticism

1800

Reaction against much of the thoughts of the Enlightenment thinkers. Their foundation was emotion and imagination.

Viscount Francois Rene de Chateaubriand

1802

Argued that religion should have passion.

Lord Byron

1824

Disliked by Romantics. "Don Juan".

Johann Wolfgang con Goethe

1832

"Faust". Dramatic poem about a guy who makes a pact with the devil and then uses his knowledge to do good.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

1834

Master of Gothic poems. "The Rime of the Ancient Manner". Poetry was highest of human acts.

Caspar David Friedrich

1840

"Polar Sea". Used art to portray or arouse emotion.

Henri Beyle

1842

First to declare himself a Romantic. !

August Wilhelm von Schlegel

1845

Praised old Romantic literature in his "Lectures on Dramatic Art and Literature".

William Wordsworth

1850

"Ode on Intimations of Immortality". Ode to Coleridge when Coleridge was suffering. Thought childhood was a period of creative imagination.