Chapter 19 and 20 Timeline

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Thomas Warton

1728 - 1790

A Romantic writer who oftentimes looked back to the medieval times.

Johann Gottfried Herder

1744 - 1803

Advocated the use of imagination, a romantic writer.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

1772 - 1834

A gothic or romantic poet.

Napoleon's Invasion of Egypt

1798 - 1799

Napoleon hoped that if he could successfully capture Egypt, he would have control of the single most important trade route connecting India to all of Europe.

Constitution of the Year VIII

1799

This established Napoleon as the head of the First Consul-- thus giving him supreme power over France.

Napoleon I Rule

1799 - 1821

Napoleon was the absolute ruler of France who is seen as an Enlightened Despot. He was a major factor in the spread of Enlightened ideas and Nationalism. Napoleon's rule ended with his exile to St. Helena off the coast of Africa.

Napoleon's Concordat with Pope Pius VII

1801

Above is a picture of the Members of Catholic Clergy to swear an oath as required by the Concordat.

Organic Articles

1802

The Organic Articles solidified the notion of the State over the Church.

The Peace of Amiens

1802

A treaty creating peace between England and France.

Napoleon I

1804 - 1814

Napoleon was the absolute ruler of France who is seen to many as the epitomy of an Enlightened Despot.

The Napoleonic Code

1804

The Napoleonic Code was vital in France. It codified laws-- guaranteeing equal punishment in differing regions, along with safeguarding France from internal challenges.

The Treaty of Pressburg

1805

This treaty signified Austria's defeat-- who went on to give Napoleon everything north of Rome, after completely withdrawing from Italy.

The Confederation of the Rhine

1806

The Confederation of The Rhine lead to the formation of what is now called Germany.

Berlin Decrees

1806

The Berlin Decrees were the start to the Continental System, banning French allies from importing British goods.

The Continental System

1806 - 1810

Knowing that he could not defeat England face to face, Napoleon attacked Great Britain economically. By banning trade with England, Napoleon wanted to cripple their economy.

Treaty of Tilsit

1807

Discussed France's gains after defeating Prussia and Russia. Prussia lost half of its territory. Prussia openly and Russia secretly became allies of France.

France invades the Iberian Peninsula

1807

Due to revolts in Spain because of the diffusion of Nationalism, France invaded the Iberian Peninsula, which broke the treaty between England and France.

Invasion of Russia

1810 - 1812

Napoleon hoped to destroy Russia while England was busy fighting in the Americas. Cold weather and Russian tactics wiped out the French army.

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

The Quadruple Alliance, along with representation from France, convened to discuss that no single state shall rule all of Europe.

Napoleon exile: Number 1

1814

After the failed campaign to destroy Russia and the loss of an army, Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba off the coast of Italy.

Treaty of Chaumont

March 9, 1814

This treaty re-introduced the Bourbons to the throne of France.

Napoleon returns

March 1, 1815

Napoleon had returned from the island of Elba, enacting the Hundred Days.

The Battle of Waterloo

June 18, 1815

This battle was Napoleon's last and marked an end to his rule, officially.

Napoleon's Death

1821

Napoleon's exile to St. Helena lead to his death in 1821.