A Romantic writer who oftentimes looked back to the medieval times.
Johann Gottfried Herder
1744 - 1803
Advocated the use of imagination, a romantic writer.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
1772 - 1834
A gothic or romantic poet.
Napoleon's Invasion of Egypt
1798 - 1799
Napoleon hoped that if he could successfully capture Egypt, he would have control of the single most important trade route connecting India to all of Europe.
Napoleon I Rule
1799 - 1821
Napoleon was the absolute ruler of France who is seen as an Enlightened Despot. He was a major factor in the spread of Enlightened ideas and Nationalism. Napoleon's rule ended with his exile to St. Helena off the coast of Africa.
Constitution of the Year VIII
This established Napoleon as the head of the First Consul-- thus giving him supreme power over France.
Napoleon's Concordat with Pope Pius VII
Above is a picture of the Members of Catholic Clergy to swear an oath as required by the Concordat.
The Organic Articles solidified the notion of the State over the Church.
The Peace of Amiens
A treaty creating peace between England and France.
The Napoleonic Code
The Napoleonic Code was vital in France. It codified laws-- guaranteeing equal punishment in differing regions, along with safeguarding France from internal challenges.
1804 - 1814
Napoleon was the absolute ruler of France who is seen to many as the epitomy of an Enlightened Despot.
The Treaty of Pressburg
This treaty signified Austria's defeat-- who went on to give Napoleon everything north of Rome, after completely withdrawing from Italy.
The Continental System
1806 - 1810
Knowing that he could not defeat England face to face, Napoleon attacked Great Britain economically. By banning trade with England, Napoleon wanted to cripple their economy.
The Berlin Decrees were the start to the Continental System, banning French allies from importing British goods.
The Confederation of the Rhine
The Confederation of The Rhine lead to the formation of what is now called Germany.
France invades the Iberian Peninsula
Due to revolts in Spain because of the diffusion of Nationalism, France invaded the Iberian Peninsula, which broke the treaty between England and France.
Treaty of Tilsit
Discussed France's gains after defeating Prussia and Russia. Prussia lost half of its territory. Prussia openly and Russia secretly became allies of France.
Invasion of Russia
1810 - 1812
Napoleon hoped to destroy Russia while England was busy fighting in the Americas. Cold weather and Russian tactics wiped out the French army.
Congress of Vienna
1814 - 1815
The Quadruple Alliance, along with representation from France, convened to discuss that no single state shall rule all of Europe.
Napoleon exile: Number 1
After the failed campaign to destroy Russia and the loss of an army, Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba off the coast of Italy.
Treaty of Chaumont
March 9, 1814
This treaty re-introduced the Bourbons to the throne of France.
March 1, 1815
Napoleon had returned from the island of Elba, enacting the Hundred Days.
The Battle of Waterloo
June 18, 1815
This battle was Napoleon's last and marked an end to his rule, officially.
Napoleon's exile to St. Helena lead to his death in 1821.