France was in a bitter war with Austria; although the popular opinion did not want to back down and make peace, Napoleon did so anyway, for the betterment of the country.
After signing the peace with Austria, Napoleon soon dominated Italy and Switzerland, able to return home as a victorious hero of France.
To prevent the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy, the Directory staged a coup d'etat. Napoleon sent troops to Paris to ensure the coup d'etat, and was looked at as a hero.
In attempt to invade England, Napoleon captured Egypt from the Ottoman Empire, to have easier access to England. Although this part was successful, Lord Nelson, admiral of the British Army, cut off the landed troops from France, trapping them in Egypt.
Established the rule of one man, the First Consul, Napoleon.
Treaty of Amiens(Brit) and the Treaty of Luneville(Aust) created international peace, calming the nerves of the French. On a side note, Napoleon also supressed domestic enemies through bribery and flattery.
This aroused the most domestic opposition; this required the resignation of refractory/clergy sympathetic to the revolution. And more importantly, established state over church.
Napoleon refused to accept the ultimatum GB set forth.
Established equality before the law, religious tolerance, end to feudalism, eliminates primogeniture and many rights of women.
GB persuaded them to join forces to help thwart French power.
Lord Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleets bringing great fortune to new allies.
(Secured GB sea control for rest of war)
Defeated combined forces of Austria and Russia at Austerlitz. This created Treaty of Pressburg
(Austria forced to give France major concessions)
Arranged by Napoleon dissolving ancient bodies of German politics.
Forbidding allies to import British goods.
Napoleon forced all his allies to stop trade with GB, in attempt to cripple their economy; this backfired greatly affecting the countries within.
Napoleon defeated Russia at Friedland and occupied Prussia.
Confirmed France's gains.
-Prussia lost half its territory and became secret allies with Russia
After an outbreak in Madrid, Napoleon placed his family on the Spanish throne, and took away many church privlages, angering the people. With the support of the British, Spain started warring against France that would drain the French.
Wanting revenge for defeat in Austerlitz, and encouraged by Spain's bravery, Austria broke out against Napoleon. Because they were reliant on other German states for support, and because they expected Spain to distract the French, they lost terribly--neither factors having a great effect on France.
Napoleon wanted to end the Russian military threat for good. He failed because of the 'scorched earth" strategy, and Russia's cold winter.
Russia, Prussia, Austria, Britain, and Spain unite against Napoleon to avoid another disastrous war with him.
Congress of Vienna reassembled. 1)agreed no single power should dominate Europe 2) Bourbons will rule France 3) states bordering France need to be strengthened
Coalition marches to Paris and exiles Napoleon.
The Congress of Vienna restores the Bourbons to the French throne, contracts France to the frontiers of 1792, and creates Quadruple Alliance (Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia)
Napoleon returns, regaining popular control of France.
Further unites allies, defeated him at Waterloo in Belguim June 18, 1815