2nd semester AP Euro timeline (mit Bildern!), Alec Pierce, Collins, 1st
Napoleon Bonaparte, later to be Napoleon I of France. Born in Corsica, died (exiled) in St. Helena. Was a general, and an Enlightened despot of France for around 10 years. Conquered much of Europe. Lost power completely at Battle of Waterloo.
Georg Wilhelm Fredrich Hegel thought that each era in history was very important because it contributed to the next.
Made Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon I, started dynasty
Caspar David Fredrich - Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog (1818)
Reaction to the Enlightenment rationalism; emphasized emotion, mysticism, and nature.
Napoleon I's Empire
British fleet led by Lord Nelson defeats Spanish+French fleet amazingly. Kills Napoleon's naval hopes.
Gave 1/2 of Prussia to Napoleon, made peace, and made Prussia and Russia allies of Napoleon's.
It got crushed. Nationalism...
FAIL OF NAPOLEON AND HIS ARMY. DECISIVE RUSSIAN VICTORY. SCORCHED EARTH.
@ Leipzig. Napoleon lost, was exiled to Elba
Was between the Quadruple alliance powers (Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Great Britain), and aimed to have conservative peace in Europe. Act of Supremacy, Act of legitimacy. Also prevented another "Napoleonic" empire.
Napoleon returned from Elba, and regained French power. He was finally beat once and for all at WATERLOO, and was exiled to St. Helena, where he died in 1821.
Conservative British politician
Conservative ruler of Austria. (Congress of Vienna, Concert of Europe, Carlsbad Decrees)
Nicholas I of Russia (r.1825-1855): "ORTHODOXY,AUTOCRACY, and NATIONALISM"
Other independence events: Serbian independence (1830), Belgian independence (1830), Haitian independence (1804) - slave revolt, New Spain - Mexico (1821), Brazil (1822), Venezuela (1821)
Bourbon dynasty to end in France. Louis XVIII and Charles X. The Charter.
British law that kept grain prices high (benefited aristocracy)
An attempt at preventing revolution by the Brits. Temporarily suspended Habeas Corpus.
Over 10 protesters killed by guards at St. Peter's fields, Manchester, Great Britain. Mistake. Then the Six acts were passed by the British government to keep their conservative power.
An attempt by the conservative Austrian and German governments to suppress the Burschenschaften and keep order.
Karl Sand assassinated the Conservative playwright August von Kotzebue. He was later executed and became a martyr for the Burschenschaften.
The Troppeau Protocol (Act of Intervention) imposed by the Concert of Europe in response to the Spanish Revolution of 1820.
Greece revolted against Ottoman rule and gained full independence in 1830. Important because liberals, nationalists, and conservatives supported it.
RUSSIA! Revolt by Moscow regiment in 1825 pushing for a constitutional government. Brutally suppressed.
Notabile. Streamlines British politics, makes revolt unnecessary.
June revolution in France, in response to Charles X's four ordinances. Louis Phillipe put in power (Establishes July monarchy).
Iron and Coal - William Bell Scott
Fail at French republic, fail at monarch.
Saint-Simon, Owen, Fourier
The steam engine, prefected by James Watts, helps out the transportation and industrial revolutions.
Found by Karl Marx. Led to Communism (+Frederick Engels). Very important in the 20th century. Communist Manifesto.
Pushed in Britain, wanted reforms. Unions.
Potato crop failure i Ireland. Catastrophe.
Crazy year(s). France, Hungary, Germany, Italy, Slavic areas; Louis Napoleon, Kossuth, Mazzini, Giribaldi, Frederick William IV.
Tanzimat: reforms in the Ottoman Empire
Seven weeks' war. Dual monarchy (Austria-Hungary)
Slavery ended. Mainly due to economics, morals, and revolts.
From the Empire to the THIRD REPBLIC. Franco-Prussian war. Dreyfus.
-Russia lost Sevastopol.
-Treaty of Paris: Russia gave up some land, realized that the Black Sea is neutral, and stopped protecting Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire.
-Russia not invincible.
Alexander II: reforms, freed serfs. Revolutionaries (assassination)
Germany unified. Bismarck. N.B.! (Important!)
Reforms, Irish home rule