2nd semester AP Euro timeline

2nd semester AP Euro timeline (mit Bildern!), Alec Pierce, Collins, 1st

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Chapter 19

Napoleon

15 August 1769 - 5 May 1821


Napoleon Bonaparte, later to be Napoleon I of France. Born in Corsica, died (exiled) in St. Helena. Was a general, and an Enlightened despot of France for around 10 years. Conquered much of Europe. Lost power completely at Battle of Waterloo.

Georg Wilhelm Fredrich Hegel

1770 - 1831


Georg Wilhelm Fredrich Hegel thought that each era in history was very important because it contributed to the next.

Constitution of the Year VIII

1799


Made Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon I, started dynasty

Romanticism

1800 - 1840

Caspar David Fredrich - Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog (1818)
Reaction to the Enlightenment rationalism; emphasized emotion, mysticism, and nature.

Tsar Alexander I's reign

1801 - 1825

Napoleonic empire

1804 - 1814


Napoleon I's Empire

Battle of Trafalgar

21 October 1805


British fleet led by Lord Nelson defeats Spanish+French fleet amazingly. Kills Napoleon's naval hopes.

Treaty of Tilsit

7 July 1807


Gave 1/2 of Prussia to Napoleon, made peace, and made Prussia and Russia allies of Napoleon's.

Spanish revolt against French

1808


It got crushed. Nationalism...

Napoleon's invasion of Russia

1812


FAIL OF NAPOLEON AND HIS ARMY. DECISIVE RUSSIAN VICTORY. SCORCHED EARTH.

Battle of Nations

1814


@ Leipzig. Napoleon lost, was exiled to Elba

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - November 1815


Was between the Quadruple alliance powers (Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Great Britain), and aimed to have conservative peace in Europe. Act of Supremacy, Act of legitimacy. Also prevented another "Napoleonic" empire.

The Hundred days/ WATERLOO

1 March 1815 - 18 June 1815

(WATERLOO)
Napoleon returned from Elba, and regained French power. He was finally beat once and for all at WATERLOO, and was exiled to St. Helena, where he died in 1821.

Chapter 20

Lord Liverpool

1770 - 1828


Conservative British politician

Klemens von Metternich

15 May 1773 - 11 June 1859


Conservative ruler of Austria. (Congress of Vienna, Concert of Europe, Carlsbad Decrees)

Nicholas I of Russia

1796 - 1855


Nicholas I of Russia (r.1825-1855): "ORTHODOXY,AUTOCRACY, and NATIONALISM"

Independence

1804 - 1830

Milos Obrenovich
Simon Bolivar
Other independence events: Serbian independence (1830), Belgian independence (1830), Haitian independence (1804) - slave revolt, New Spain - Mexico (1821), Brazil (1822), Venezuela (1821)

Bourbon restoration

1814 - 1830


Bourbon dynasty to end in France. Louis XVIII and Charles X. The Charter.

Corn law

1815


British law that kept grain prices high (benefited aristocracy)

Coercion acts

1817


An attempt at preventing revolution by the Brits. Temporarily suspended Habeas Corpus.

Peterloo and the Six acts

1819


Over 10 protesters killed by guards at St. Peter's fields, Manchester, Great Britain. Mistake. Then the Six acts were passed by the British government to keep their conservative power.

Carlsbad Decrees

1819


An attempt by the conservative Austrian and German governments to suppress the Burschenschaften and keep order.

Assassination of August von Kotzebue

March 1819


Karl Sand assassinated the Conservative playwright August von Kotzebue. He was later executed and became a martyr for the Burschenschaften.

Troppeau Protocol

1820


The Troppeau Protocol (Act of Intervention) imposed by the Concert of Europe in response to the Spanish Revolution of 1820.

Greek Revolution of 1821

1821 - 1830


Greece revolted against Ottoman rule and gained full independence in 1830. Important because liberals, nationalists, and conservatives supported it.

Decembrist Revolt

1825


RUSSIA! Revolt by Moscow regiment in 1825 pushing for a constitutional government. Brutally suppressed.

Great Reform Bill of Britain

1832


Notabile. Streamlines British politics, makes revolt unnecessary.

June Revolution

June 1832 - July 1832


June revolution in France, in response to Charles X's four ordinances. Louis Phillipe put in power (Establishes July monarchy).

Chapter 21

Industrial Revolution (1st)

1760 - 1840

Iron and Coal - William Bell Scott
Notabile

Louis Phillipe

1773 - 1850


Fail at French republic, fail at monarch.

Socialism

1780 - 2013


Saint-Simon, Owen, Fourier

Steam Engine

1800


The steam engine, prefected by James Watts, helps out the transportation and industrial revolutions.

Classical economics

1810

Malthus
Malthus, Ricardo

Marxism

1818 - 2013

Karl Marx
Found by Karl Marx. Led to Communism (+Frederick Engels). Very important in the 20th century. Communist Manifesto.

Chartism

1836 - 1840


Pushed in Britain, wanted reforms. Unions.

Anarchism

1840 - 2013


No government

Irish potato famine

1845 - 1847


Potato crop failure i Ireland. Catastrophe.

Revolutions of 1848

1848 - 1849



Crazy year(s). France, Hungary, Germany, Italy, Slavic areas; Louis Napoleon, Kossuth, Mazzini, Giribaldi, Frederick William IV.

Chapter 22

Italian Unification

1831 - 1871


Italy unified.

Ottoman reforms

1839 - 1876


Tanzimat: reforms in the Ottoman Empire

Austria, chapter 22

1848 - 1914

Austro-Prussian war
Seven weeks' war. Dual monarchy (Austria-Hungary)

Abolition of slavery

1850 - 1900


Slavery ended. Mainly due to economics, morals, and revolts.

France, chapter 22

1851 - 1906


From the Empire to the THIRD REPBLIC. Franco-Prussian war. Dreyfus.

Crimean war

1853 - 1856

http://cfile1.uf.tistory.com/image/1751153A4FE16A2E02AC47
-Russia lost Sevastopol.
-Treaty of Paris: Russia gave up some land, realized that the Black Sea is neutral, and stopped protecting Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire.
-Russia not invincible.

Russia, chapter 22

1855 - 1881


Alexander II: reforms, freed serfs. Revolutionaries (assassination)

German Unification

1862 - 1871


Germany unified. Bismarck. N.B.! (Important!)

Britain, chapter 22

1867 - 1914

William Gladstone
Reforms, Irish home rule