2nd semester AP Euro timeline

2nd semester AP Euro timeline (mit Bildern!), Alec Pierce, Collins, 1st


Chapter 19


15 August 1769 - 5 May 1821

Napoleon Bonaparte, later to be Napoleon I of France. Born in Corsica, died (exiled) in St. Helena. Was a general, and an Enlightened despot of France for around 10 years. Conquered much of Europe. Lost power completely at Battle of Waterloo.

Georg Wilhelm Fredrich Hegel

1770 - 1831

Georg Wilhelm Fredrich Hegel thought that each era in history was very important because it contributed to the next.

Constitution of the Year VIII


Made Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon I, started dynasty


1800 - 1840

Caspar David Fredrich - Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog (1818)
Reaction to the Enlightenment rationalism; emphasized emotion, mysticism, and nature.

Tsar Alexander I's reign

1801 - 1825

Napoleonic empire

1804 - 1814

Napoleon I's Empire

Battle of Trafalgar

21 October 1805

British fleet led by Lord Nelson defeats Spanish+French fleet amazingly. Kills Napoleon's naval hopes.

Treaty of Tilsit

7 July 1807

Gave 1/2 of Prussia to Napoleon, made peace, and made Prussia and Russia allies of Napoleon's.

Spanish revolt against French


It got crushed. Nationalism...

Napoleon's invasion of Russia



Battle of Nations


@ Leipzig. Napoleon lost, was exiled to Elba

Congress of Vienna

September 1814 - November 1815

Was between the Quadruple alliance powers (Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Great Britain), and aimed to have conservative peace in Europe. Act of Supremacy, Act of legitimacy. Also prevented another "Napoleonic" empire.

The Hundred days/ WATERLOO

1 March 1815 - 18 June 1815

Napoleon returned from Elba, and regained French power. He was finally beat once and for all at WATERLOO, and was exiled to St. Helena, where he died in 1821.

Chapter 20

Lord Liverpool

1770 - 1828

Conservative British politician

Klemens von Metternich

15 May 1773 - 11 June 1859

Conservative ruler of Austria. (Congress of Vienna, Concert of Europe, Carlsbad Decrees)

Nicholas I of Russia

1796 - 1855

Nicholas I of Russia (r.1825-1855): "ORTHODOXY,AUTOCRACY, and NATIONALISM"


1804 - 1830

Milos Obrenovich
Simon Bolivar
Other independence events: Serbian independence (1830), Belgian independence (1830), Haitian independence (1804) - slave revolt, New Spain - Mexico (1821), Brazil (1822), Venezuela (1821)

Bourbon restoration

1814 - 1830

Bourbon dynasty to end in France. Louis XVIII and Charles X. The Charter.

Corn law


British law that kept grain prices high (benefited aristocracy)

Coercion acts


An attempt at preventing revolution by the Brits. Temporarily suspended Habeas Corpus.

Peterloo and the Six acts


Over 10 protesters killed by guards at St. Peter's fields, Manchester, Great Britain. Mistake. Then the Six acts were passed by the British government to keep their conservative power.

Carlsbad Decrees


An attempt by the conservative Austrian and German governments to suppress the Burschenschaften and keep order.

Assassination of August von Kotzebue

March 1819

Karl Sand assassinated the Conservative playwright August von Kotzebue. He was later executed and became a martyr for the Burschenschaften.

Troppeau Protocol


The Troppeau Protocol (Act of Intervention) imposed by the Concert of Europe in response to the Spanish Revolution of 1820.

Greek Revolution of 1821

1821 - 1830

Greece revolted against Ottoman rule and gained full independence in 1830. Important because liberals, nationalists, and conservatives supported it.

Decembrist Revolt


RUSSIA! Revolt by Moscow regiment in 1825 pushing for a constitutional government. Brutally suppressed.

Great Reform Bill of Britain


Notabile. Streamlines British politics, makes revolt unnecessary.

June Revolution

June 1832 - July 1832

June revolution in France, in response to Charles X's four ordinances. Louis Phillipe put in power (Establishes July monarchy).

Chapter 21

Industrial Revolution (1st)

1760 - 1840

Iron and Coal - William Bell Scott

Louis Phillipe

1773 - 1850

Fail at French republic, fail at monarch.


1780 - 2013

Saint-Simon, Owen, Fourier

Steam Engine


The steam engine, prefected by James Watts, helps out the transportation and industrial revolutions.

Classical economics


Malthus, Ricardo


1818 - 2013

Karl Marx
Found by Karl Marx. Led to Communism (+Frederick Engels). Very important in the 20th century. Communist Manifesto.


1836 - 1840

Pushed in Britain, wanted reforms. Unions.


1840 - 2013

No government

Irish potato famine

1845 - 1847

Potato crop failure i Ireland. Catastrophe.

Revolutions of 1848

1848 - 1849

Crazy year(s). France, Hungary, Germany, Italy, Slavic areas; Louis Napoleon, Kossuth, Mazzini, Giribaldi, Frederick William IV.

Chapter 22

Italian Unification

1831 - 1871

Italy unified.

Ottoman reforms

1839 - 1876

Tanzimat: reforms in the Ottoman Empire

Austria, chapter 22

1848 - 1914

Austro-Prussian war
Seven weeks' war. Dual monarchy (Austria-Hungary)

Abolition of slavery

1850 - 1900

Slavery ended. Mainly due to economics, morals, and revolts.

France, chapter 22

1851 - 1906

From the Empire to the THIRD REPBLIC. Franco-Prussian war. Dreyfus.

Crimean war

1853 - 1856

-Russia lost Sevastopol.
-Treaty of Paris: Russia gave up some land, realized that the Black Sea is neutral, and stopped protecting Orthodox Christians in the Ottoman Empire.
-Russia not invincible.

Russia, chapter 22

1855 - 1881

Alexander II: reforms, freed serfs. Revolutionaries (assassination)

German Unification

1862 - 1871

Germany unified. Bismarck. N.B.! (Important!)

Britain, chapter 22

1867 - 1914

William Gladstone
Reforms, Irish home rule