Ch 19 AP Euro

Napoleonic Era

Battle of Abukir

1798

Under the command of Admiral Nelson, the British fleet destroys the French navy in the Battle of Abukir.
https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQfQ01vN3z82-hKFvuJvqqtEq46eyAeO1CzugiNuJnPLrKEG_AXJg

Napoleon's venture in Egypt

1798 - 1799

Constitution of the year VIII

1799

·Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon returns to Paris and established the rule of one man
https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRWMytKPHm-pgAzfQ-7DDcBkEgdJVSdej6jCZWfwLLLn1DxJcvG

Concordat of 1801

1801

Signing of the Concordat between France and Rome ends schism between the French government and the Catholic Church.
-gov't issued supremacy of the church
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcREeg5uvF2svRksd45aGd5Nul6MC72CKgp1A3YCfHUHTrfVYlk6

The Napoleonic Code

1802

Napoleon restructures French educational system and more in his code
·New constitution adopted, making Napoleon First Consul for life
https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR79SNrs2G4g2G6UPUhEv0RVdWfHpfHUOTbNUI_S73DtYM55Ip22A

Napoleon becomes Emperor

1804

1804: ·Napoleon crowns himself Emperor in Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris
1805: ·Napoleon is crowned king of Italy in Milan
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRK58XMIyZE7cp-SWW1TA1rCmfalB1W9nP7ZvqhfN6yXyKlNcAumA

Victory in Land

1805

Battle of Trafalgar

1805

The Battle of Trafalgar marks yet another naval defeat to the British under the command of Admiral Nelson
-ends all French hope of invading England, and gave British control of the seas for the rest of the war
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSytE2laPuOVxn1SloIFtiFmCBdCz3lfUn9FT2OhKFevt9Pnzm9Dw

German Nationalism

1806

-writers and nationalists encouraged independence, preserving culture and achievements
-despised German princes
-Baron von Stien and Prince von Hardenberg
https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTsYGk1EUw-Bd3YXmbBRBGbT7J3RKN3HtAIqhmhf0r2t1DA6EucOQ

Family members

1806

Napoleon names his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, king of Naples, and appoints other family members to various other posts
https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRelEAgzc9wmRspzQROe-_AsFmRJQwG9dCjsLCD_0MLsdlB3HE

Treaty of Tilsit

1807

peace treaty with Russia(secretly) and Prussia (openly) on. France
-Prussia lost half its territory
https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTAlD3iSgTFPAEDLHquwbWW9bYtAMqkrEo09eZYYnFZbbIBdbuf

French invasion of Portugal

1807 - 1808

Beginning of French occupation of Portugal
February 20, 1808: ·Napoleon sends the French marshal Joachim Murat to lead an army in Spain
May 2, 1808: ·Unsuccessful Spanish revolt against French army under Murat
June 4, 1808: ·Napoleon names Joseph Bonaparte King of Spain, and Murat King of Naples
https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQDstoFdQo6kUTqaC4WUwP8zIVHiWhskAuNjgMFYMsoSX6ailc9

The Continental System

1807

French efforts to block foreign trade with Great Britain by forbidding importation of British foods into Europe.
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT3RfWNKM5vLW6Aqlz-nDZXO873BIxoecSC1Dig_4efjUHnLQXXeg

Marriage

1809 - 1810

December 15, 1809: ·Divorces Josephine
https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR0N_Dq9suxNAzIk6vCI1L-jk9uQM6zZDqE6RFCXuecVTBCNjvk
April 2, 1810: ·Marries Marie-Louise, Archduchess of Austria

The Invasion of Russia

1810

·Russian Campaign begins-they withdraw from the continental system
September 14, 1812: ·Grand Army enters Moscow to find the city abandoned and set aflame by the inhabitants; retreating in
the midst of a frigid winter, the army suffers devastating losses- they used the "scorched earth policy"
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTLUcwpKZVtobzflmH7ZMpFJFXwdcdf27apY-wXHMhUh2cdCRStlQ

Battle of Nations- Napoleons fall

December 18, 1812

December 18, 1812: ·Napoleon returns to Paris
March 17, 1813: ·Prussia declares war on France
June 21, 1813: ·The French fall to Spain in the Battle of Vitoria
January 1814: ·Anti-French coalition army enters France
March 30-31, 1814: ·Paris falls
April 2, 1814: ·Senate proclaims end of the Empire; Napoleon's wife and son flee Paris to the island of ELBA.
https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR24vSKUx7UIgXQzksrA6zi-HrUe30U_vN7c4HYIcpHPdK54I84

Congress of Vienna

1814

-returned the Burbouns to France
-strengthened the states around France
-decided on rule of legitimate monarchs
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQswbhHK7zsTk8bQ-m-59aonufgpow8_HqKGox0B6TEe9DzFetB

The Hundred Days

1815

March 1, 1815: ·Escaping Elba, Napoleon returns in South France March 7, 1815: ·Napoleon rallies the French army March 20, 1815: ·Louis XVIII flees, Napoleon takes control, begins "Hundred Days" campaign
https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRkMTAHjD8LDugcbMDAOwByYnZxpMZm87XqzR2fklQpfPyyFYnJ

Quadruple Alliance

1815

Battle of Waterloo

June 18,1815

June 18, 1815: ·Defeated in the Battle of Waterloo by the British and Prussians, led by Wellington and Blucher after the Hundred Days
June 22, 1815: ·Abdicates for the second time
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQZr7LUMBt6yE8D5Oq8T8GCoKGRgsKgjyvyrP6YY2TqHmB344fEiA

Exile and death

October 16, 1815 - 1821

October 16, 1815: ·Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena
March 5, 1821: ·Napoleon dies
https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS8BWvsBeYUk4KVGJ3WjpyAmwY4ExB9eyH3QuQSptH6iA-DHj5CPw

Romanticism

The Romantic Movement

1762 - 1841

It was a reaction against the thought of Enlightenment. It was inspired by the Medieval times and it was about emotion and nature.

Rosseau's Emile

1762

It distinguishes the difference between children and adults. He distinguished the stages of human maturation and urged that children be raised with maximum INDIVIDUAL freedom.

Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

1781

He believed that humans mind precieves the world in its own mental categories not reflect the world in a passive mirror.

Lord Byron

1788 - 1824

Was an important British Romantic poet. His works include "She walks in Beauty" and the unfinished "Don Juan." Many consider him to embody the spirit of Romanticism. He died from an illness contracted while in Greece, where he was supporting their independence movement.
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQJuqlbTnbwwFvKEYJNoonwrA7Ywy9_yV-YkMPMkYInl_7kD1i5

Wordsworth and Coleridge's Lyrical Ballads

1798

The poem rejected the rules of eighteenth century criticism. For both, childhood was the bright period of creative imagination.

Schlegel's Lucindide

1799

His work equalized women to men.

Chateaubriand's Genius of Christianity

1802

He disapproved the religious policy of the French rev. He argued that the essence of religion is "passion." The foundation of faith in the church was the emotion that its teachings and sacraments inspired in the heart of the Christian.

Faust- Goethe

1808

Hegel's Phenomenology of Mind

1808

It was the belief that all periods of history have been of almost equal value because each was, by definition, necessary to the achievements of those that came later. Also all cultures are valuable for humankind to develop. https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ3bNUQ9xL_gU0-P_Ku_u_rTEhz_ckROKZRBfOuiIm1pkY1s59n9w

On Heroes and Hero-Worship- Thomas Carlyle

1841

In his book, carlyle presented muhammad as the embodiment of the hero as prophet; he repudiated the traditional christian and general enlightenment view of muhammad as an impostor.
https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS36ewN37p15DED2liYzCox4dEBiaHcqOZZtFLjZ9SayrqiN-7a