Chapter 19-20 Napoleon

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Toussaint L'Ouverture

1743 - 1803

-leader of the HaitianRevolution

Eastern Question

1768 - 1774

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-Ottoman empire controlled many different states
-should the Europeans help out fellow Catholics or the Muslim Ottomans

-what to do with all the smaller states

Napoleon

August 15, 1769 - May 5, 1821

Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose as emperor during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815.

Lord Liverpool's Ministry and popular Unrest

1770 - 1828

-he was the Prime Minister of England
-Established the Corn Law to limit the pricing of grain, Conservative

Pope Pius VI

1775 - 1799

-Driven from Rome Italy by French
-Died in Exile in France

Campaign in Egypt

1798 - 1805

-Napoleon took control of Egypt.
-Defeated by the British at the battle of Trafalgar
-French wanted Egypt for economic war with England
-Napoleon escapes in August 1799 and left troops in Egypt.

The Consulate in France

1799 - 1804

-ended French revolution
-Third estate had achieved most of it's goals/ abolished Hereditary privilages

Constitution of Year VIII

10 November 1799 - December 1799

-Divided executive authority among three consuls

Pope Pius VII

1800 - 1823

-Concordat with Napoleon
- possible because before becoming pope he said that Christianity compatible with equality and democracy
-Concordat stated that Catholicism official religion of France, France ruler of church

Concordat With Catholic Church

1802
  • France becomes ruler over church
  • Catholicism main religion -clergy had to swear oath to Napoleon

Napoleons Empire

1804 - 1814

Final defeat at Waterloo

Napoleonic Code

1804

-all privileges based on birth remained abolished
- Women lost alot of their freedom
-No workers organizations
- Father and husband remained in full control over their wife and children

Napoleons Emprire

1804 - 1814

-final defeat at Waterloo
-Controlled much of Europe at one point
-downfall came in Russia
-best trained armies

Battle of Trafalgar

October 21 1805
  • British lord Nelson Naval Admiral
  • Nelson died in Battle
  • this battle proved that England Still had Naval Superiority
  • Destroyed Entire French Fleet

Continental System

1806 - 1807

-only assistance after Treaty of Tilsit could come from England
- Was an economic war against British, stop European trade with England

- Also included Milan Decree 1807= stopped all Neutral countries from trading with England

Spanish war of Liberation

1807

-France marches in to Spain
-to force Portugal to stop trade with England
-used Spanish revolt that happened in Madrid to replace the king with his own family members

Treaty of tilsit

7 July 1807

-defeat of Tsar Alexander
- He and Napoleon meet on two rafts in Niemen River

- Prussia signed and Russia secretly part of treaty

Napoleons invasion of Russia

1810 - 1812

-600000 men marched with Napoleon
-Russians used scorched earth system to tire the French before they ever got to Moscow
-He lost 30000 men in the battle for Moscow and Russia lost twice as many
-Was regarded a lose for napoleon
-he came back to France with less than 10000 men
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Congress of Vienna

1814
  • made up the boundaries -Returned the Bourbons to the thrown -added buffer states in between Russia and France
  • formed the Quadruple alliance

Burschenschaften

1815 - 1819

-student group from a universities in Germany
-removed themselves from the system
-followed by the Carlsbad Decrees which dissolved the groups

Concert of Europe

1815 - 1830

-a series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century
-Metternich was leader and was charged with the task of prevent the outbreak of revolutions or other wars

100 Days

1 March 1815 - 18 June 1815

-Final Battle at Waterloo
-Just returned from Elba
-manged to raise an army in that time
-Fought against the Quadruple alliance
-final dies in St. Helena

Coercion Acts

1817
  • Parliament suspended habeas corpus
  • extended existing laws against seditious gatherings.

Six Acts

1819

-forbade large public meetings
-raised the fines of seditious libel
-sped up the trials of political agitators
-increased newspaper taxes
-prohibited the training of armed groups
-allowed officials to search homes.

Peter-loo Massacre

August 16, 1819

-Manchester at Saint Peter’s Fields
-a militia was ordered by a local magistrate to move to the audience
-11 people killed many more wounded

Spanish Revolution

1822

-Ferdinand VII refused to look at the constitution
- did not follow the rule stated by the consitution
-Citizens rebelled and agreed to an acceptance of the consitution