First Ecumenical Council
Gothic forces win a decisive victory against Roman troops.
by Emperor Theodosius
by Alaric the Goth, under Emperor Honorius
by St. Augustine of Hippo
Attila is convinced to spare Rome by Pope Leo the Great
by the Vandals; Leo I could not avert it.
Baptism of Clovis, King of the Franks
Represents the beginning of Catholic France.
Emperor Justinian unsuccessfully tries to re-conquer the European regions of the Empire; destroys Italy in the process.
Reccared, King of the Visigoths, declares Orthodox Christianity the official religion of his kingdom, abolishing Arianism.
Led by St. Augustine of Canterbury. Represents the beginning of Catholic England.
Muhammad and his followers flee Mecca for Medina.
Islamic Warriors defeat Imperial Troops. Islam first revealed as a threat to the greater West.
by Charles Martel
Decisive defeat of the Ottoman Turks by the Holy League.
Presided over the Great Persecution.
First Christian Emperor
Translator of the Latin Vulgate
Last Emperor to preside over a united Empire.
Roman general and councilor under Theodosius, executed by Honorius.
Roman general and King of the Visigoths; responsible for the 1st Sack of Rome.
Missionary to the Irish. Dates are approximate, as biographical details are sketchy.
First Catholic King from the Germanic Tribes.
Roman Philosopher and Writer, "the translator of antiquity". Known for The Consolations of Philosophy and his textbooks on ancient learning. Executed by King Theodoric
Founder of Western Monasticism, and author of the Benedictine Rule.
Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, known as the Byzantine Empire.
Founder of the Religion of Islam
"Charles the Hammer", Mayor of the Franks, Victor at the Battle of Tours
Apostle to the Germans
First Carolingian King of the Franks
King of the Franks, Emperor of the Romans
Crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans
Saints Cyril (827-869) and Methodius (815-882) were brothers known as the "Apostles to the Slavs."
European Discoverer of America
Spanish Poet and Writer; Author of Don Quixote. Mentions with pride his service in the Battle of Lepanto.
English Playwright, widely regarded as the greatest in the English Language.
A prominent and worldly cardinal in France; used his position to increase the power of the French Monarchy during the Wars of Religion.
Empire divided into East and West
The Last Roman Emperor turns over the regalia of Empire to his Master of Horse, Odoacer. The Imperial regalia are sent to constantinople, as Odoacer styles himself King of Italy.
Considered to represent the End of the Roman Empire in the West.
From Charlemagne's crowning to Louis the Pious's Partition of Aachen.
From the Crowning of Otto I to the Abdication of Francis II