History of Christian Civilization

Main

Birth of Jesus Christ

4 BC

Council of Nicea

325

First Ecumenical Council

Battle of Adrianople

August 9, 378

Gothic forces win a decisive victory against Roman troops.

Christianity made Official Religion

392

by Emperor Theodosius

1st Sack of Rome

410

by Alaric the Goth, under Emperor Honorius

"The City of God" written

413 - 426

by St. Augustine of Hippo

Huns at Rome

452

Attila is convinced to spare Rome by Pope Leo the Great

2nd Sack of Rome

455

by the Vandals; Leo I could not avert it.

Franks convert

December 25, 496

Baptism of Clovis, King of the Franks

Represents the beginning of Catholic France.

Reign of Justinian

August 1, 527 - November 14, 563

St. Benedict founds Monte Cassino

529

The "Nika!" Riots

532

The Gothic Wars

535 - 554

Emperor Justinian unsuccessfully tries to re-conquer the European regions of the Empire; destroys Italy in the process.

Visigoths Convert

589

Reccared, King of the Visigoths, declares Orthodox Christianity the official religion of his kingdom, abolishing Arianism.

Mission sent to England

597

Led by St. Augustine of Canterbury. Represents the beginning of Catholic England.

Founding of Islam (the Hegira)

622

Muhammad and his followers flee Mecca for Medina.

Battle of Yarmouk

636

Islamic Warriors defeat Imperial Troops. Islam first revealed as a threat to the greater West.

Battle of Tours

732

by Charles Martel

Fall of Constantinople

May 29, 1453

Discovery of America

October 12,1492

Battle of Lepanto

October 7, 1571

Decisive defeat of the Ottoman Turks by the Holy League.

People

Emperor Diocletian

245 - 313

Presided over the Great Persecution.

Emperor Constantine the Great

280 - 337

First Christian Emperor

St. Jerome

340 - 420

Translator of the Latin Vulgate

Emperor Theodosius I

347 - 395

Last Emperor to preside over a united Empire.

St. Augustine of Hippo

354 - 430

Stilicho

359 - 408

Roman general and councilor under Theodosius, executed by Honorius.

Alaric the Visigoth

370 - 410

Roman general and King of the Visigoths; responsible for the 1st Sack of Rome.

Pope St. Leo the Great

391 - 461

Reigned (440-461)

St. Patrick

400 - March 17, 460

Missionary to the Irish. Dates are approximate, as biographical details are sketchy.

King Clovis

466 - 511

First Catholic King from the Germanic Tribes.

St. Benedict

480 - 543

Founder of Western Monasticism, and author of the Benedictine Rule.

Boethius

480 - 524

Roman Philosopher and Writer, "the translator of antiquity". Known for The Consolations of Philosophy and his textbooks on ancient learning. Executed by King Theodoric

Emperor Justinian the Great

482 - November 14, 565

Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, known as the Byzantine Empire.

Pope St. Gregory the Great

540 - 604

Reigned (590-604)

Muhammad

570 - June 8, 632

Founder of the Religion of Islam

Charles Martel

688 - 741

"Charles the Hammer", Mayor of the Franks, Victor at the Battle of Tours

St. Boniface

700 - June 5 754

Apostle to the Germans

Pepin the Short

714 - 768

First Carolingian King of the Franks

Charlemagne

742 - 814

King of the Franks, Emperor of the Romans

Pope Leo III

750 - June 12, 816

Crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans

Sts. Cyril and Methodius

815 - 885

Saints Cyril (827-869) and Methodius (815-882) were brothers known as the "Apostles to the Slavs."

Christopher Columbus

October, 1451 - May 20, 1506

European Discoverer of America

Miguel de Cervantes

September 29, 1547 - April 22, 1616

Spanish Poet and Writer; Author of Don Quixote. Mentions with pride his service in the Battle of Lepanto.

William Shakespear

April, 1564 - April 23, 1616

English Playwright, widely regarded as the greatest in the English Language.

Cardinal Richelieu

September 9, 1585 - December 4, 1642

(Reigned 1622-1642)

A prominent and worldly cardinal in France; used his position to increase the power of the French Monarchy during the Wars of Religion.

The Empire

The Principate

31 BC - 284

Battle of Actium

31 BC

The Dominate

284 - 313

Reform of Diocletian

284

Empire divided into East and West

The Eastern Christian Empire

313 - 1453

The Western Christian Empire

313 - 476

Edict of Milan

313

Christianity legalized.

Romulus Augustulus abdicates

September 4, 476

The Last Roman Emperor turns over the regalia of Empire to his Master of Horse, Odoacer. The Imperial regalia are sent to constantinople, as Odoacer styles himself King of Italy.

Considered to represent the End of the Roman Empire in the West.

Carolingian Empire

December 25, 800 - 817

From Charlemagne's crowning to Louis the Pious's Partition of Aachen.

Holy Roman Empire

February 2, 962 - August 6, 1806

From the Crowning of Otto I to the Abdication of Francis II