Rise of Prussia and Austria

Main

King Ferdinand Suppresses Protestants

1600

Ferdinand, Catholic Habsburg King of Bohemia suppresses Protestants.

Catholic Officials Close Down Protestant Churches

1617

Roman Catholic officials in Bohemia close Protestant chapels in Czech towns of Broumov and Hrob. This violated the “Letter of Majesty” (made in 1609) which granted religious freedom

Thirty Years' War

1618 - 1648

This was sparked by the Defenestration of Prague

Defenestration of Prague

1618

Protestant noblemen meet, judge royal Catholic officials guilty of violating the “Letter of Majesty” and throw them out of a castle window. This sparks the 30 Years War.

Ferdinand II Becomes Holy Roman Emperor

1619

Peace of Westphalia

1648

A series of treaties that are drawn up and accepted by the combatants of the 30 Years War. It was meant to create general European Peace.

Frederick William I Comes to Power in Prussia

1713

He forges new armies and creates one of the most formidable armies of that time.

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Caused by Frederick II seizing the Austrian province of Silesia

Frederick William II Comes to Power in Prussia

1740

Through the reign of Frederick I, Prussia has become a power to rival that of Austria. Frederick II seizes the Habsburg province Silesia

Seven Years’ War (Prussian king Frederick the Great goes against Austria)

1756 - 1763

Prussian king Frederick the Great goes against Austria

Poland is Divided

1795

Russia, Prussia, and Austria divide up Poland (1701, 1772, 1795 being the last partition, wiping Poland off of the world maps for the next 123 years)