Background: many b
Acts acquired land and took up self-sufficient farming. In most of the Deep South, African Americans owned a smaller percentage of the land in 1900 than they had at the end of Reconstruction. The network of institution created after the Civil War like schools, churches, businesses and women's clubs help to create a diverse black urban community and a middle class (mostly professionals like teachers and physicians)
In 1879-1880 an estimated 40,000-60,000 African-Americans migrated to Kansas seeking political equality, freedom from violence, access to education, and economic opportunity. Promoted by railroads.
But, they lacked the capital to take up farming and they ended up being u skilled workers in towns and cities