red cross international time line


founding of the red cross


Franco-Sardinian and Austrian troops clash in Battle of Solferino, near northern Italian town of Castiglione della Pieve. Swiss businessman Henry Dunant, horrified by the slaughter, helps to care for the wounded of both sides

international commitie formed


International Committee formed for relief of military wounded (members Henry Dunant, Gustave Moynier, Louis Appia, Theodore Maunoir and Guillaume-Henri Dufour) . In 1876, committee becomes International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).International Geneva Conference. Adoption of the Red Cross on white background (reverse of Swiss flag) as emblem and establishment of national committees for the relief of military wounded.

first signing of the geneva convention


12 states sign the ten articles starting the first geneva convention. protection of international law both to wounded enemy soldiers and those caring for them.

first international conference of the red cross


First International Conference of the Red Cross, attended by nine governments, 16 National Committees and the International Committee.

red cross conference



red cross conference



red cross conference



red cross conference


held in rome

canadian red cross founded as an affiliate with the british red cross


red cross conference


held in vienna

Hague Conventions


Laws and customs of war on land
Adaptation to naval warfare of the principles of the 1864 Geneva Convention

Henry Dunant co founder of red cross awarded Nobel Peace Prize.


Revision and development of 1864 Geneva Convention.


Hague Conventions


Laws and customs of war on land
Adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the 1906 Geneva Convention

Henry Dunant dies.


red cross during the first world war

1914 - 1918

During World War One, Red Cross operates on a bigger scale than before. ICRC delegates visit prisoners of war and call for improvements in conditions of detention. Around 120,000 people seek out ICRC for information on captured missing military personnel. War reveals urgent need to protect civilian prisioners

red cross international wins Nobel Peace Prize


formation of the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies


League of Red Cross Societies formed in aftermath of World War One. Becomes League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 1983 and, from 1991, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

the geneva protocol is revised


Geneva Protocol - Prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare.

geneva conventions


Wounded and sick in armed forces in the field
Prisoners of war
Official recognition of the Red Crescent emblem (first used in 1876)

red cross during world war 2

1939 - 1945

World War Two puts the Red Cross to tough test. At the beginning the ICRC got all parties to the conflict to extend provisions of 1929 Geneva Conventions to civilians of enemy nationality who were on the territory of a party to the conflict and had been arrested only because of their nationality. This was the case for French citizens living in France who were interned when war was declared. This protection was not extended to civilians of enemy nationality on occupied territory, such as Poland. Thus, people in Nazi concentration camps remained without protection.

League of Red Cross Societies moves headquarters


HQ changed because of world war 2 out break

red cross wins nobel peace prize


geneva conventions


The wounded and sick in armed forces in the field [revision and development of the 1929 Geneva Convention]
Wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea
Prisoners of war
Civilian persons
The four Conventions contain a common Article 3 relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts

Revision of the Statutes of the International Red Cross.


rules for indiscriminate (random) warfare established

1956 - 1957

rules for protection of civilian populations from indiscriminate warfare communicated to governments and National Societies ahead of discussion at International Conference of the Red Cross in New Delhi

many new countries begin to join the red cross


Start of decade of rapid increase in number of National Societies in the Red Cross and Rad Crescent Movement to more than 100 following new-found independance of many former colonies in Africa and Asia. Shift in global politics also involves League in series of man-made disasters, and hundreds of thousands of refugees, from wars in Vietnam, Congo and elsewhere.

red cross begins new programs and win the a nobel peace prize


League launches mass development programme, involving countries recently-independent or about to gain independence, in the Caribbean and Africa.

ICRC and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies win Nobel Peace Prize

meeting on the issues of red cross in a changing world


Movement meeting in Mexico City considers issues of "Red Cross in a Changing World", with emphasis on "presentation" and a "united front".

donald tansly appointed lead study into the future role of the red cross


Donald Tansley, executive vice-president of the Canadian International Development Agency, appointed to lead study into future role and other aspects of the Red Cross.

red cross conference on peace


First World Red Cross Conference on Peace in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Produces action programme but, in Bucharest in 1977, Red Cross's Council of Delegates fails to reach agreement on it.

tansly report published


Tansley Report" published, meets mixed reaction. Report defines basic role of Red Cross as "provision of emergency help, on an unconditional and impartial basis, whenever and wherever human needs for protection and assistance exist because of natural disaster and conflict".

convention on environmental protection


Convention on protection of the environment. Prohibition of military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques.

international conference in Bucharest, Romania


International Conference in Bucharest, Romania, considers "Tansley Report", with ICRC President Eric Martin calling it a "pitiless inquisition" and remaining cool about proposal for joint services with the League. Proposals on Red Cross becoming "lead agency" on disaster relief, on an evaluation of operations and on an International Relief Convention fade away. Conference proposes process of constant reappraisal within the Movement.

Protocols additional to 1949 Geneva Conventions

Protection of victims of international armed conflicts
Protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts

conference for firearms munitions etc


Conventional weapons treaty. Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of certain conventional weapons.

red cross gets a new central theme


Respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL) emerges as a central theme for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

league of Red Cross Societies president puts human rights firmly onto agenda


League President Enrique de la Mata, putting human rights firmly on agenda, says League represents "efforts of those working for peace, not only by halting the evils of war or disaster, but by doing all they can to prevent war through the promotion of international comprehension and understanding and defence of justice and dignity".

second world red cross peace conference held


Second World Red Cross Conference on Peace, in Aaland, Sweden. Attended by ICRC, League and National Societies. Meeting, with East-West tensions, ends with call to "make peace all over the world a reality".

Adoption of statutes of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.


Agreement between the ICRC and the League to establish a study group


Agreement between the ICRC and the League and establishment of study group on the future of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
Convention on the Rights of the Child.

league of red cross and red crescent renames


League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies renames as International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

convention on chemical wepons


Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction.

San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea


restriction mines booby-traps etc


Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices

Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Production of Anti-Personnel Mines


Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction.

Agreement on the Organisation of the International Activities of the Components of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

the recent projects of the red cross

1998 - 2013

the red cross is currently involved in countless projects such as disaster, war health environment and many more