History of Bristol's involvement in the transatlantic slave trade
John Cabot sets sail from Bristol and discovers Newfoundland.
The Society of Merchant Venturers is formed
It aims to promote Bristol's trading interests and is given a Royal Charter by Edward VI.
Sir John Hawkins attempts to establish the triangular trade.
Battle of Preston
400 prisoners of war taken from Bristol to Barbados.
The Society of Merchant Venturers involvment n the White Slave Trade
1649 - 1660
The Commonwealth and the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell were heavily involved in the transportation the indigent Irish to the colonies
Battle of Worcester
Scots taken to Avon to be transported into slavery.
Bristol Corporation pass an ordinance
"to prevent the kidnapping of boys maids and others transporting them beyond seas and there disposing of them for private gain" (Robinson, 1973:13)
White Irish traded
The Council of State ordered the Governor og Waterford as many Irishmen as 3 Bristol Merchants wanted
The Tolzey Book began opperating to regulate the indentured servant system.
1654 - 1686
It was noted that not all indentured servants went to the plantations voluntarily. Some were "spirited", kidnapped of the streets and forcibly transported.
Bristol was notoriously involved in the spiriting trade.
Known trade that operated from the port of Bristol
1654 - 1686
Documents from the Register of Servants to Foreign Plantations, 1654-1686
White labour unable to meet demand.
Black African slaves began to be imported.
London-based Royal African Company is founded
It is granted a monopoly over the British trade to Africa
Bristol's first coffee house owned by John Kimber
Bristol's legal involvement in the African Slave Trade
1698 - 1807
Bristol Merchants able to trade legally in black slaves
Bristol's first "legal" slaving ship.
Named The Beginning, the ship carries captured Africans to Jamacia
Complete replacement of the white labour with the African Slave Trade
Colston's School for boys started, with funds from Edward Colston
Importance of the African Trade to the city is argued
1711 - 1713
Argued by Bristol Corporation, now Bristol City Council, and the Society of Merchant Ventueres.
Queens square completed
It houses wealthy merchants close to the docks.
Britain becomes the biggest slaving country
Bristol overtakes London as England's number one slaving port
Bristol Corn Exchange completed
Liverpool overtakes Bristol as the number one slaving port.
Bristol's first bank, the Bristol Bank opened
It is opened by West India merchants Tyndall, Elton & Co. Now part of the Santander Group.
Thomas Clarkson visits Bristol and the Seven Stars Pub
This is to look for evidence against the Slave Trade.
Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade is formed
French Revolution encourages an insurrection of slaves in Hati
Abolition of the Slave Trade Act
Slave rebellion in Jamacia
Anti-Slavery Committee formed in London
Formed to campaign for total abolition of slavery.
Major slave revolt in Jamaica
1831 - 1832
Slave rebellions in Antigua, Jamaica and Virginia
Rioters burn down Queens Square and free citizens at the gaol.
Abolition of Slavery Act in the British Colonies
British plantation owners awarded £20 million in compensation.
Thirteenth Amendment abolishes slavery in the United States
Unemployed White and Black seamen clash in "race riots in Liverpool and Cardiff
Commonwealth Immigration Act
curtails migration from the New Commonwealth and the Caribbean in particular.
Britain's first Race Relations Act
Outlaws discrimination in public places, refusing to rent houses based on race also made illegal.
New Immigration Act
Limits immigration rights of the New Commonwealth migrants further.
Bristol's Race Relations Council established
The first city in the UK, role to liaise on behalf of the migrant community.
Race Relations Amendment Act
Makes racial discrimination in employment and the provision of goods and services illegal.
St Pauls Riot
Sparked by police raid on the Black and White Cafe, long term factors involved high unemployment amongst Black Britons played a crucial role.
Uprising riots around the UK including Liverpool and London
More violent St Pauls riots
Police attempted to raid Black and White Cafe.
Black young people are attacked on The Downs, Bristol
They are attacked by fairground workers, leaving a 17 year old unable to walk and talk for himself.
The Festival of the Sea, celebrates Bristol's maritime history
But it ignores slavery and the impact of colonisation of the Americas.
Visible representation and comemoration of Slavery Heritage in Bristol
1997 - 2013
Slavery and John Pinney exhibitition opened at The Georgian House.
Plaque unveiled at the city's Industrial Museum
It acknowledges Bristol's connection to transatlantic slavery.
Activists protest about insensitivity of Cabot 500 celebrations
Bristol celebrates 500 years since Cabot's voyage
Slave Trade Trail around Central Bristol created
Slave Trade Action Group formed
"A Respectable Trade?" exhibition opens
The first exhibition about Bristol and Transatlantic Slavery, opened at the City Museum.
It is only meant to be a temporary exhibit.
Pero's Bridge opened
Named after John Pinney's slave who lived in The Georgian House.
"A Respectable Trade?" exhibit is relocated to the Bristol Industrial Museum
This becomes it's permanent location.
Race Relations Amendment Act
A duty is put on all public services to ensure they implement and uphold racial equality policies.
A debate hosted by the British Empire and Commonwealth Museum asking should Bristol apologies for the slave trade?
Bristol Industrial Museum is closed
Original chosen name "Merchants Quarter" for new shopping center is criticised
This is due to it's apparent associations with the slave trade.
Abolition 200: bicentenary of the British Abolition of the Slave Trade
"Breaking The Chains" exhibition opens
Located at the British Empire and Commonwealth Museum, Bristol, it tells the story of Britain and the transatlantic slavery.
Funded by grant of £1 million from the Heritage Lottery
"Breaking the Chains" exhibition moves to London
Mshed Museum opens
Located in the same site as the old Bristol Industrial Museum, funded by a £10 million grant by Bristol City Council.
Bristol People- Transatlantic Slave Trade Gallery
Exhibit showing the brutal and shameful history of the transportation and enslavement of African peoples and uncovering the role that Bristol played in trading in goods and in people's lives.