The government in the city-states was tied to religion. A temple dedicated to a god was located at the center of each city-state. The city-states were ruled over by a governor, a king, making them monarchies. The theory that best fits these states would be the Divine Right Theory; the rulers have power because of the gods. There were upper and lower classes, and the king was the source of authority.
Sargon of Akkad was a king/ emperor, so the government was a monarchy. He was a successful and quite popular king. The Divine right ATheory is most appropriate for this situation. The people tried to rebell against their new ruler shortly after he took over, but he proved his authority and power using military force.
This was a code by the sixth Babylonian kind, Hammurabi. Since he was a king, the government was a monarchy which arised from Divine Right. Rich or poor, if a person broke the law, they were to be found guilty and punished.
This is one of the first known democracies. The power/ authority was in the hands of many (the people). The justice was spread equally. All citizens voted, however, women, children, and slaves were not citizens. The Evolutionary Theory bests suits this because the power started under rulers and evolved inti the hands of many.
It was very successful. There was a large seperation of classes. It had an autocratic government.
The Roman Monarchy was overthrown and replaced with a two-counsel, heirarchial government. The republic probably arose based on the Social Contract Theory.
Feudalism was a set of legal/ military customs for the structure of relationships.
The monarch has ultimate and unlimited authority! This was probably the force theory. The monarch had total control
Let to replacement of monarch with commonwealth. "The War tested the prerogative of the king and challenged the theory of divine right. "
This follwed the English Civil War.