History of the World's Government


First city-states arises in Sumer

4000 BC - 2300 BC

This was the time of the first law system and the world's earliest civilization.
They also invented city states.
The ruller was responsible for maintaining the city walls and the irrigation system.
THe ruler was also the cheif servants of the Gods and he led the cerimonies.
Men were the heads of households and were the only ones that could go to school.
Women could buy and sell property and also run buisness.

Sargon of Akkad formed empire

2334 BCE - 2279 BCE

Sumerian city-state kings fought over land in Mesopotamia from 3000 to 2000 B.C.
Sargon of Akkad was powerful leader, creator of worldʼs first empire.
He rose up in power and conquered all of the great kings around him.
Rebellions surfaced during his life and the life of his sons but did not tear the empire apart until the reign of his grandson. Soon after, the Akkadian empire fell.

Hammurabi's Code

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

It was basically the first written laws in a society.
It helped give the concept of a written system of laws and it has influence our society today.

Athens formed direct democracy

550 BC - 86 BC

Athens created a direct democracy by requiring ALL citizens of Athens to vote on any new law.
However. women, children, and slaves could not vote because they were not considered citizens.
Athens was the first society to be ruled this way.

Roman Republic formed

509 BC - 27 BC

Rome was originally ruled by Kings but then transformed into a republic.
People elected representatives and the representatives made up the senate.
Each year the Senate elected two leaders who took charge of the government and the military.
The Roman Republic and its army grew. Rome
conquered new lands beyond the Italian Peninsula but Its
culture and language spread farther into Spain and Greece.

Roman Empire Formed

27 B.C - 13 A.D

Julius Caesar was a governor in the Democratic society however he used his power to become a dictator and he ended the Republican government Rome once had. It was a very peaceful time for the Romans.

Feudalism began in Europe

900 A.D. - 1050 A.D.

When the Roman Empire fell the Romans in Europe fled back to their homeland leaving Europe in a disorganized mess. Feudalism was adopted from some Roman ways but changed by those with power. Basically, it was a system where everyone's basic needs were fulfilled but how much power you had determined the benefits you recieved.

English Civil War

22 August 1642 - 3 September 1651

The English Civil Wars consisted of a series of armed conflicts and political disagreements between the Royalists (known as Cavaliers), lead by King Charles I, and Parliamentarians (known as Roundheads).

Glorious Revolution in England

1688 - 1689

This revolution is called ’Glorious’ because it achieved its objective without any bloodshed.
James II took the thrown after his brother died and he wanted to reestablish the Roman Catholic religion in England.
The people did not like this and revolted.
The revolt resulted in a victory for the people or parliament.
This victory established a monarchy in England.

Rise of Absolute Monarchies

1700 - 1800

Before the absolute monarchy there were weak Medieval King and overtime more power was giving to the noble.
Slowly all the weak kings became a powerful Parliament.
Because this way of government showed great success, a domino effect began to happen and most European countries became absolute monarchies.

American Revolution

April 19, 1775 - September 3, 1783

The American revolution from the British was foreshadowed by many acts including the stamp act and the intolerable act passed by the British parliament. However, the final act was when the colonies wrote and sent “The Olive Branch” and King George III refused to receive it.