Ancient Roots of American Democracy


First city-states arise in Sumer

5300 BC - 2334 BC

Sumerians were responsible for the invention of government. They formed a democracy and a monarchy. They had a kings which formed the monarchy, but the had people elect the leaders.

Sargon of Akkad formed Empire

2334 BC - 2279 BC

Sargon the Great rose to power, and established his own city named Akkad. He fought and eventually conquered the city of Uruk. He then went on to conquer all of the Sumerian city-states and united northern and southern Mesopotamia under a single ruler. This was the rise of the first empire.

Hammurabi's Code

1772 BC

It is one of the oldest writings of significance in the world that has been seen as an early example of a fundamental law regulating a government. It set up the structure of laws for the government.

Roman Republic formed

509 bce - 27 bce

The Romans established a republic government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf.

Athens formed direct democracy

507 BC - 324 BC

Athens is one of the first known democracies. It had a direct democracy which is a form of democracy in which people vote on policy initiatives directly, as opposed to a representative democracy in which people vote for representatives who then vote on policy initiatives..

Roman Empire formed

265 BC - 241 BC

The Roman Empire marks the period when government control in Rome went from a Republican form of government to rule by an emperor.

Feudalism began in Europe

900 - 1700

Period dominated by lords who possess financial or social power and a high standing achieved through success, influence, or wealth. The form of government in modern terms would be a monarchy because there were kings.

Rise of absolute monarchies

1500 - 1800

Monarchy governments are kings that want absolute control over their country's economies so they can free themselves of limitations.

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

England was a monarchy when the war broke out. once the war ended, Charles the first was executed, and his son Charles the second was exiled.

Glorious Revolution in England

1688 - 1689

The overthrow of King James the second of England. The Revolution permanently ended any chances of Catholicism becoming re-established in England.

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

Break of the British empire to become the United States of America led by George Washington.