Post WWII

Civil Rights

• Committee of Civil Rights

1946 - 1947

investigated the status of civil rights in the us and prose measures to strengthen and protect the civil rights of American citizens

Baseball

1947 - 1948

Jackie Robertson was the first black baseball player

Truman

1947 - 1951

Brown v. Ed of Topeka

1954 - 1955

Montgomery, AL

1955 - 1956

Greensboro, NC

1957 - 1958

Eisenhower

1957 - 1958

Feminine Mysteque

1962 - 1963

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963 - 1964

24th Amendment

1964 - 1965

1964

doesn’t allow a poll tax

COLD WAR

UN-American Activities Committee (HUAC

1938 - 1975

A committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, investigated allegations of communist activity in the U.S. during the early years of the Cold War.
Its controversial tactics contributed to the fear, distrust and repression that existed during the anticommunist hysteria of the 1950s

Atomic bombs

1945 - 1964

The United States, Britain, Germany and the U.S.S.R. were all engaged in scientific research to develop the atomic bomb

The United States exploded its bomb 1945, The Soviet Union successfully exploded its first atomic bomb in 1949, the United Kingdom in 1952, France in 1960 and the People’s Republic of China in 1964.

Truman Doctrine

March 12 1947 - 1952

U.S. President Harry Truman stated that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent Soviet influence from taking over

National security act

July 26, 1947 - 1949

An act which realigned and reorganized the U.S. Armed Forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1952

An American program which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism

Berlin Airlift

June 21, 1948 - May 12, 1949

The Soviet Union placed a blockade on West Germany, banning and blocking all supplies from reaching there.
The U.S. responded by flying planes over and dropping in supplies and food to the civilians

NATO

1949 - 2013

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
An organization of American and European countries founded for three principles: deterring Soviet expansionism, forbidding the revival of militarism in Europe through a North American presence on the continent, and encouraging European political integration

Joseph McCarthy

1950 - 1954

An American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Senator McCarthy fueled fears of widespread Communist rumors for making claims of Soviet spies hiding in the U.S

Korean War

1950 - 1953

A civil war between North and South Korea, but the conflict soon became international when the United States joined to support South Korea and China entered to aid North Korea.
Korea became divided as the war ended with militarized North Korea and U.S. led South Korea

Truman vs. MacArthur

1951 - 1952

President Harry S. Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of command of the U.S. forces in Korea which set off a brief uproar among the American public

Rosenberg Case

March 1951 - 1952

Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested Julius Rosenberg r who had worked for the U.S. army signal corps, and his wife Ethel for conspiracy to transmit classified military information to the Soviet Union.
The Rosenbergs were found guilty and received the death sentence

u-2 incedent

1960 - 1961

CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers had been on a top secret mission: to over fly and photograph denied territory from his U2 spy plane deep inside Russia

8. Berlin Wall

1961 - 1962

Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin

Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961 - 1962

The CIA had used obsolete World War II B-26 bombers, and painted them to look like Cuban air force planes. The bombers missed many of their targets and left most of Castro’s air force intact. As news broke of the attack, photos of the repainted U.S. planes became public and revealed American support for the invasion. President Kennedy cancelled a second air strike.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962 - 1963

After many long and difficult meetings, Kennedy decided to place a naval blockade, or a ring of ships, around Cuba. The aim of this “quarantine,” as he called it, was to prevent the Soviets from bringing in more military supplies. He demanded the removal of the missiles already there and the destruction of the sites. On October 22, President Kennedy spoke to the nation about the crisis in a televised address.

Vietnam war

1964 - 1975

The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam) was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

1964

a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.

Escalation

1965

slowly increased the troops in veitnam

Tet Offensive

1968

a military campaign during the Vietnam War that was launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnam against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies

election

1968

was the 46th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1968. The Republican nominee, former Vice-President Richard Nixon, won the election over the Democratic nominee, incumbent Vice-President Hubert Humphrey. Nixon ran on a campaign that promised to restore law and order to the nation’s cities, torn by riots and crime.

Vietnamization

1973

Vietnamization

1973

the us policy for transfering and withdrawing troops from veitman , shifting the responsblities to south veitnam government

end of war

1975

SALT II

1979 - 1980

TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS ON THE LIMITATION OF STRATEGIC OFFENSIVE ARMS

12. Star Wars

1983 - 1984

On March 23, 1983, President Reagan proposed the creation of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), an ambitious project that would construct a space-based anti-missile system.

Gorbachev

1988 - 1991

served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the first president of the Soviet Union from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991.

perestroika

1989 - 1990

a reform of the communist party. meaning “reconstruction”

glasnost

1989 - 1990

a policy in the soviet union that said the goverment needed to be more transparent

Tiananmen Square protests

1989 - 1990

riot in china against the goverment. china used the army to put down the riots.

East Eurpoe

1989 - 1990

The 1989 revolutionary wave swept across Central and Eastern Europe peacefully overthrew all the Soviet-style communist states: East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria, Romania was the only Eastern-bloc country to topple its communist regime violently and execute its head of state.