. Created the Committee of Civil Rights
. Issued the Truman Doctrine - Granted economic and military aid to Greece and Turkey to help those countries resist Communism
Its purpose was to investigate the status of civil rights in the United States and propose measures to strengthen and protect the civil rights of American citizens.
. Jackie Robinson was the first African-American to play baseball
. First televised World Series
A person who stressed artistic self-expression and the rejection of the mores of conventional society in the 1950s and 1960s
A period of time when Earl Warren served as Chief Justice for the Supreme Court
The Warren Court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power, and the federal power in dramatic ways. The Court ended segregation, applying the Bill of Rights to all states, and ending prayer in schools across America
.Declared that the the permissive or mandatory segregation that existed in 21 states is unconstitutional.
. Sparked by Rosa Parks demanding to give up her seat to a white man on a bus; she was arrested and jailed
. A 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional.
Four African-Americans sat down in Wool worth's lunch store but were not served due to their race
Multiple group of African-Americans came to the store to sit down and protest, and the sit-in protests began.
The Civil Rights Act of 1957, it aimed to ensure that all African Americans could exercise their right to vote.
The Eisenhower Doctrine said that any country could request economic assistance from the U.S. if it was being threatened by another state.
The U-2 Incident - the Soviet Union shot down an American U-2 spy plane canvassing Soviet territory in 1960
John F. Kennedy elected as president
A leading force in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee founded by young people who had emerged as leaders Greensboro Sit-In protests
A revolutionary court case which decided that items obtained in violation of the 4th amendment would not count as evidence by state court prosecutions
A riot fought between segregationist civilians and federal and state forces due to the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi (known affectionately as Ole Miss)
The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any election for President or Vice President shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
Supreme Court ruled that state courts are required t to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to to pay their own attorneys
A nonfiction book by Betty Friedan published in 1963.
Credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States
A campaign ran during the spring of 1963 that eventually pressured the municipal government to change the city's discrimination laws.
Marked by numerous boycotts, sit ins, water jet hoses used on blacks, and ended in the culmination of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombing by KKK member resulting in the deaths of four young African-american girls
A large political rally which took place in Washington D.C.
Called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony during the march.
It's influence would help lead to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965
Decided that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations
A piece of legislation in the United States which outlawed forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women
It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements, racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and facilities that served the general public
Successful assassination attempt of controversial civil rights activist Malcolm X
Also called the Voting Rights Act
Outlawed the voting practices which discriminated certain races or sexes. Established federal oversight of election administration
Predominantly race riots between African-Americans and discriminators
Major ones include the Watts Riot, The Detroit Riots, the Baltimore Riots, and the Long Hot Summer of 1957 which saw 159 race riots erupting across the U.S.
Requires law enforcement officials to advise a suspect interrogated in custody of his rights to remain silent and to obtain an attorney - "Miranda Rights"
The mission statement is listed as "To take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men."
NOW stands against all oppression in any form such as sexism, racism, or homphobia
An Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Recognized as the first African-American justice to serve on the Supreme Court in the United States
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4th, he was the leading man of the Civil Rights Movements of the 50s and 60s; his death sparked outrage riots
Robert F. Kennedy, the younger brother of John F. Kennedy, was assassinated on June 6th due to his support of Israel in the Six-Day War of June 1967
A 3 day festival which is remembered as an expression of a generation and a message of peace, love, music, and cultural expression.
A committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, investigated allegations of communist activity in the U.S. during the early years of the Cold War.
Its controversial tactics contributed to the fear, distrust and repression that existed during the anticommunist hysteria of the 1950s
The United States, Britain, Germany and the U.S.S.R. were all engaged in scientific research to develop the atomic bomb
The United States exploded its bomb 1945, The Soviet Union successfully exploded its first atomic bomb in 1949, the United Kingdom in 1952, France in 1960 and the People's Republic of China in 1964.
U.S. President Harry Truman stated that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent Soviet influence from taking over
An act which realigned and reorganized the U.S. Armed Forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II
An American program which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism
The Soviet Union placed a blockade on West Germany, banning and blocking all supplies from reaching there.
The U.S. responded by flying planes over and dropping in supplies and food to the civilians
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
An organization of American and European countries founded for three principles: deterring Soviet expansionism, forbidding the revival of militarism in Europe through a North American presence on the continent, and encouraging European political integration
An American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Senator McCarthy fueled fears of widespread Communist rumors for making claims of Soviet spies hiding in the U.S.
A civil war between North and South Korea, but the conflict soon became international when the United States joined to support South Korea and China entered to aid North Korea.
Korea became divided as the war ended with militarized North Korea and U.S. led South Korea
President Harry S. Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of command of the U.S. forces in Korea which set off a brief uproar among the American public
Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested Julius Rosenberg r who had worked for the U.S. army signal corps, and his wife Ethel for conspiracy to transmit classified military information to the Soviet Union.
The Rosenbergs were found guilty and received the death sentence
The Vietnam War was a Cold War-era military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and involved the U.S. from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975
CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers had been on a top secret mission: to over fly and photograph denied territory from his U2 spy plane deep inside Russia
The CIA had used obsolete World War II B-26 bombers, and painted them to look like Cuban air force planes. The bombers missed many of their targets and left most of Castro’s air force intact. As news broke of the attack, photos of the repainted U.S. planes became public and revealed American support for the invasion. President Kennedy cancelled a second air strike.
Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin
After many long and difficult meetings, Kennedy decided to place a naval blockade, or a ring of ships, around Cuba. The aim of this “quarantine,” as he called it, was to prevent the Soviets from bringing in more military supplies. He demanded the removal of the missiles already there and the destruction of the sites. On October 22, President Kennedy spoke to the nation about the crisis in a televised address.
a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
A military stance which gradually increased U.S. troops in the U.S.
a military campaign during the Vietnam War that was launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnam against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies
The term used to describe the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam
Treaty between the United States and Soviet Union, Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
On March 23, 1983, President Reagan proposed the creation of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), an ambitious project that would construct a space-based anti-missile system that would protect the U.S. against a Soviet Attack
Served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the first president of the Soviet Union from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991
a policy enacted by Gorbachev in the soviet union that said the government needed to be more transparent and cooperative
a reform bill by Gorbachev of the communist party which led to reforms in the Soviet Union
Riot in china against the government, China used the army to put down the riots and killed protesters
The 1989 revolutionary wave swept across Central and Eastern Europe peacefully overthrew all the Soviet-style communist states: East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria, Romania was the only Eastern-bloc country to topple its communist regime violently and execute its head of state.