African American men get the right to vote.
Instructed to investigate the status of the civil rights in the country and propose measure to strengthen and protect them. Terms of reference: To examine the condition of civil rights in the U.S., the produce a written report of their findings, and to submit recommendations on improving civil rghts in the u.s.
Integration of military
Jackie Robinson probed that black men could complete and be successful with white men in sports.
Beatnik was a media stereotype of the 1950s to mid 1960s that displayed the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s and violent film images, along with a cartoonish depiction of the real-life people and the spiritual quest in Jack Kerouac's autobiographical fiction.
a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation.
Rosa Parks refused to get off the bus.
The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was introduced in Eisenhower’s presidency and was the act that kick-started the civil rights legislative program that was to include the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
In this city, on February 1st, 1960, four African American college students from North Carolina A+T College (an all-black college) went to get served in an all-white restaurant at Woolworth’s. The shop was open to all customers regardless of color, but the restaurant was for whites only. They were not heroes to all blacks but to heroes at the college.
Soviet Union shot down an American U-2 spy plane canvassing Soviet territory in 1960. In the wake of this incident, there appeared to be little hope for accommodation. At that point, talks ceased, and the Soviet premier appeared willing to wait for the U.S. presidential elections to take place so he could begin anew with the incoming administration.
However, the first negotiations between the new U.S. President and Khrushchev did not result in a resolution.
One of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. SNCC legacy is the destruction of the psychological shackles which had kept black southerners in physical and mental peonage.
The Warren Court left a legacy of judicial activism in the area of civil rights law as well as in the area of civil liberties—specifically, the rights of the accused as addressed in Amendments 4 through 8.
Ole Miss riot of 1962: fought between Southern segregationist civilians and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi.
The Birmingham Bombing: 4 black girls were killed by a bomb while they were attending Sunday school at the 16th Street Baptist Church
Nonfiction book by Betty Friedan first published in 1963. It is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
Supreme Court ruled that state courts are required under the 14th amendment to provide counsel for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys.
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place in Washington, D.C., on August 28, 1963. Attended by some 250,000 people, it was the largest demonstration ever seen in the nation’s capital.
Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
After a year is was decided by the court that indigent criminal defendants had a right to be provided counsel at trial.
Outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.2 It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public (“public accommodations”).
Freed the slaves
Malcolm X assassinated
National legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
Watt's riot, city riots
Court said that whatever a defendant says can not be used as evidence if he or she is not read their Miranda Rights. This case developed the Miranda rights.
Was founded in 1966 and the main goal was to try and get equal rights for women
First African American justice to be apart of the Supreme Court
Disenfranchisement of former confederate leader, the debt of the south and had to paid of by the south.
A large music festival with all the hippies about equality.
A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women that failed to be passed.
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated
USA and USSR create atomic weaponry (compete for equal amounts so neither will drop "the bomb")
President Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist movements.
US policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism.
Created the Department of Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence Agency.
Post World War II resurgence of Anti-communist sentiment that influenced governmental and personal actions.
a congressional committee that investigated commmunist influence inside and outside the us gov. after wwii
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city.
A plan that the U.S. provided aid to all European nations that needed it.
an international organization created by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security.
Involved Julius and Ethel Rosenberg who were American communists. They were executed for passing nuclear weapons secrets to the USSR.
The first artificial satellite to orbit Earth, launched by the Soviets.
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists.
the downing of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union.
failed invasion of Cuba when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, landed at the Bay of Pigs.
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany to keep citizens from escaping to the West.
confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
resolution that allowed president johnson to fight in vietnam
Policy of increasing military involvement in Vietnam.
Attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam; moral defeat for US forces.
Nixon routed other two candidates.
Nixon's policy to train Southern Vietnamese soldiers to substitute for US troops.
Talk between allied nations to control production of nuclear weapons.
War in Vietnam and Korea, splits among countries with the presentation of the Warsaw Pact by USSR and US NATO.
Ceasefire called after allied troops and US soldiers were overwhelmed, unorganized, and in distress.
Use of space-based means by Russia to operate missile-defense systems from beyond the atmosphere.
Only Russian president born in USSR era, assisted in ending Cold War.
Russian word for reformation, believed to be the main cause for the dissolving of the USSR.
Policy to increase openness and overall transparency of USSR institutions and governments.
Large protest in Beijing that resulted in huge riot and split among Chinese political groups and cabinets.